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16 “I, Jesus, sent my angel to you to give you this testimony[a] to share with the congregations. I am the bright Morning Star, both David’s spiritual root[b] and his descendant.”[c]

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  1. Revelation 22:16 Or “to testify to these things.”
  2. Revelation 22:16 Or “scion.” See Isa. 11:1, 10. As the spiritual root of David, Jesus is divine. As the descendant of David, he is human.
  3. Revelation 22:16 Or “family of David.” As the Lord of glory, Jesus is the bright Morning Star who signals the end of night and the beginning of God’s perfect day (Num. 24:17). As the Son of Man, he is the descendant of David. Jesus is both human and divine, even in his eternal state.