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The Resurrection of Jesus

16 1–2 On the first day of the week, as the Sabbath was ending, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of Jacob, and Salome made their way to the tomb. It was very early in the morning as the first streaks of light were beginning to be seen in the sky. They had purchased aromatic embalming spices so that they might anoint his body.

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2–4 Suddenly, the earth shook violently beneath their feet as the angel of the Lord Jehovah[a] descended from heaven. Lightning flashed around him and his robe was dazzling white! The guards were stunned and terrified—lying motionless like dead men. Then the angel walked up to the tomb, rolled away the stone, and sat on top of it!

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  1. Matthew 28:2 Or “the angel of YHWH,” as translated from the Aramaic.

The Resurrection of Jesus

24 Very early that Sunday morning, the women made their way to the tomb, carrying the spices they had prepared. (10) Among them were Mary Magdalene; Joanna; and Mary, Jesus’ mother.[a] Arriving at the tomb they discovered that the huge stone covering the entrance had been rolled aside, so they went in to look. But the tomb was empty. The body of Jesus was gone!

They stood there, stunned and perplexed. Suddenly two men in dazzling white robes shining like lightning appeared above them.[b] Terrified, the women fell to the ground on their faces.

The men in white said to them, “Why would you look for the living One[c] in a tomb? He is not here, for he has risen! Have you forgotten what he said to you while he was still in Galilee: ‘The Son of Man is destined to be handed over to sinful men to be nailed to a cross, and on the third day he will rise again’?”

All at once they remembered his words. Leaving the tomb, they went to break the news to the Eleven and to all the others of what they had seen and heard.[d]

11 When the disciples heard the testimony of the women, it made no sense, and they were unable to believe what they heard.

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  1. Luke 24:10 For the sake of the English narrative, the information found in v. 10 is placed here.
  2. Luke 24:4 “Above them” is found only in the Aramaic text.
  3. Luke 24:5 The Aramaic text is literally “the Life.”
  4. Luke 24:9 For the sake of the English narrative, the information of v. 10 is included in v. 1.

So she went running as fast as she could to go tell Peter and the other disciple, the one Jesus loved.[a] She told them, “They’ve taken the Lord’s body from the tomb, and we don’t know where he is!”

Then Peter and the other disciple jumped up and ran to the tomb to go see for themselves. They started out together, but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first.[b] He didn’t enter the tomb, but peeked in, and saw only the linen cloths lying there. Then Peter came behind him and went right into the tomb. He too noticed the linen cloths lying there, but the burial cloth that had been on Jesus’ head had been rolled up and placed separate from the other cloths.

Then the other disciple who had reached the tomb first went in, and after one look, he believed![c] For until then they hadn’t understood the Scriptures that prophesied[d] that he was destined to rise from the dead.[e] 10 Puzzled, Peter and the other disciple then left and went back to their homes.

11 Mary arrived back at the tomb, broken and sobbing. She stooped to peer inside, and through her tears 12 she saw two angels in dazzling white robes, sitting where Jesus’ body had been laid—one at the head and one at the feet![f]

13 “Dear woman, why are you crying?” they asked.

Mary answered, “They have taken away my Lord, and I don’t know where they’ve laid him.”

14 Then she turned around to leave, and there was Jesus standing in front of her, but she didn’t realize that it was him!

15 He said to her, “Dear woman, why are you crying? Who are you looking for?”

Mary answered, thinking he was only the gardener, “Sir, if you have taken his body somewhere else, tell me, and I will go and . . .”

16 “Mary,” Jesus interrupted her.

Turning to face him, she said, “Rabboni!” (Aramaic for “my teacher”)

17 Jesus cautioned her, “Mary, don’t hold on to me now, for I haven’t yet ascended to God, my Father. And he’s not only my Father and God, but now he’s your Father and your God! Now go to my brothers[g] and tell them what I’ve told you, that I am ascending to my Father—and your Father, to my God—and your God!”

18 Then Mary Magdalene left to inform the disciples of her encounter with Jesus. “I have seen the Lord!” she told them. And she gave them his message.

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  1. John 20:2 This was obviously John the apostle, the author of this Gospel.
  2. John 20:4 How did John outrun Peter to the tomb? Love will always “outrun” curiosity. Some are simply curious to know Jesus, but we must be those who are passionate to experience his love and power.
  3. John 20:8 It was lovers of Jesus that were the first to realize the resurrection of Christ. What did John see that caused him to believe? Perhaps it was the linen burial cloths that had not been unwrapped, but simply were empty. And the cloth that had been wrapped around his head was rolled up and placed aside. Jesus left everything pertaining to the old creation in the tomb, signified by the linen cloths and handkerchief left behind.
  4. John 20:9 Some of these prophecies would include Pss. 2:6-8; 16:10; Isa. 53:10-12; Hos. 6:2; Jonah 1:17.
  5. John 20:9 As translated from the Aramaic.
  6. John 20:12 This becomes a picture of the two golden cherubim engraved on the mercy seat, peering down into the treasures of grace.
  7. John 20:17 This is the first time in John’s Gospel that Jesus calls his disciples “brothers.” See Heb. 2:10-12.