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Mark 12 The Passion Translation (TPT)

The Parable of the Tenants

12 Then Jesus began to speak to them in parables: “There once was a man who planted a vineyard[a] and put a secure fence around it.[b] He dug a pit for its winepress and erected a watch tower. Then he leased it to tenant-farmers and traveled abroad. When the time of harvest came, he sent one of his servants[c] to the tenants to collect the landowners’ share of the harvest. But the tenants seized him and beat him and sent him back empty-handed. So the owner sent another servant to them. And that one they shamefully humiliated and beat over the head.[d] So he sent another servant, and they brutally killed him. Many more servants were sent, and they were all severely beaten or killed. The owner had only one person left to send—his only son, whom he dearly loved. So he sent him to them, saying, ‘Surely they will restrain themselves[e] and respect my son.’ But the tenants saw their chance and said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come! Let’s kill him, and then we’ll inherit it all!’ So they violently seized him, killed him, and threw his body over the fence![f] So what do you think the owner of the vineyard will do? He will come and put to death those tenants and give his vineyard to others.[g] 10 Haven’t you read what the psalmist said?

The stone the builders examined and rejected
    has become the cornerstone,
    the most important stone of all?[h]
11 This was the Lord’s plan—
    and he[i] is wonderful for our eyes to behold!”[j]

12 Now, the chief priests, religious scholars, and leaders realized that Jesus’ parable was aimed at them. They had hoped to arrest him then and there, but they feared the reaction of the crowd, so they left him alone and went away.

Paying Taxes to Caesar

13 Then they sent a delegation of Pharisees, together with some staunch supporters of Herod, to entrap Jesus with his own words. 14 So they approached him and said, “Teacher, we know that you’re an honest man of integrity and you teach us the truth of God’s ways. We can clearly see that you’re not one who speaks only to win the people’s favor, because you speak the truth without regard to the consequences.[k] So tell us, then, what you think. Is it proper for us to pay taxes to Caesar or not?”

15 Jesus saw through their hypocrisy and said to them, “Why are you testing me? Show me one of the Roman coins.” 16 They brought him a silver coin used to pay the tax.

“Now, tell me,” Jesus said, “whose head is on this coin and whose inscription is stamped on it?”

“Caesar’s,” they replied.[l]

17 Jesus said, Precisely. The coin bears the image of the emperor Caesar, so you should pay the emperor his portion. But because you bear the image of God,[m] you must give back to God all that belongs to him.” And they were utterly stunned by Jesus’ words.

A Question about Marriage

18 Some of the Sadducees, a religious group that denied there was a resurrection of the dead, came to ask Jesus this question: 19 “Teacher, the law of Moses teaches[n] that if a man dies before he has children, his brother should marry the widow and raise up children for his brother’s family line. 20 Now, there was a family with seven brothers. The oldest got married but soon died, and he had no children. 21 The second brother married his oldest brother’s widow, and he also died without any children, and the third also. 22 This repeated down to the seventh brother, none of whom had children. Finally, the woman died. 23 So here’s our dilemma: Which of the seven brothers will be the woman’s husband when she’s resurrected from the dead, since they all were once married to her?”

24 Jesus answered them, “You are deluded[o] because your hearts are not filled with the revelation of the Scriptures or the power of God. 25 For when they rise from the dead, men and women will not marry, just like the angels of heaven don’t marry. 26 Now, concerning the resurrection, haven’t you read in the Torah[p] what God said to Moses at the burning bush? ‘I AM the living God, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’?[q] 27 God is not the God of the dead, but of the living, and you are all badly mistaken!”[r]

The Greatest Commandment

28 Now a certain religious scholar overheard them debating. When he saw how beautifully Jesus answered all their questions, he posed one of his own, and asked him, “Teacher, which commandment is the greatest of all?”

29 Jesus answered him, “The most important of all the commandments is this: ‘The Lord Yahweh, our God, is one!’[s] 30 You are to love the Lord Yahweh, your God, with every passion of your heart, with all the energy of your being, with every thought that is within you, and with all your strength. This is the great and supreme commandment. 31 And the second is this: ‘You must love your neighbor[t] in the same way you love yourself.’ You will never find a greater commandment than these.”

32 The religious scholar replied, “Yes, that’s true, Teacher. You spoke beautifully when you said that God is one, and there is no one else besides him.[u] 33 And there is something more important to God than all the sacrifices and burnt offerings: it’s the commandment to constantly love God with every passion of your heart, with your every thought, and with all your strength—and to love your neighbor in the same way as you love yourself.”

34 When Jesus noticed how thoughtfully and sincerely the man answered, he said to him, “You’re not far from the reality of God’s kingdom realm.”[v] After that, no one dared to question him again.

Jesus, Son of David—Lord of David

35 While Jesus was teaching in the courts of the temple, he posed a question to those listening: “Why do the religious scholars say that the Messiah is David’s son? 36 Yet it was David, inspired by the Holy Spirit, who sang:

The Lord Jehovah said to my Lord,
    ‘Sit near me in the place of authority
    until I subdue all your enemies under Your feet.’[w]
37 Since David calls him Lord, how can he be his son?”

The large crowd that had gathered around Jesus took delight in hearing his words.

Jesus Warns Against the Religious Scholars

38 Jesus also taught the people, “Beware of the religious scholars.[x] They love to parade around in their clergy robes and be greeted with respect on the street.[y] 39 They crave to be made the leaders of synagogue councils,[z] and they push their way to the head table at banquets. 40 For appearance’s sake, they will pray long religious prayers at the homes of widows for an offering, cheating them out of their very livelihood.[aa] Beware of them all, for they will one day be stripped of honor, and the judgment they receive will be severe.”

The Widow’s Offering

41 Then he sat down near the offering box, watching all the people dropping in their coins. Many of the rich would put in very large sums, 42 but a destitute widow walked up and dropped in two small copper coins, worth less than a penny. 43 Jesus called his disciples to gather around and then said to them, “I tell you the truth, this poor widow has given a larger offering than any of the wealthy. 44 For the rich only gave out of their surplus, but she sacrificed out of her poverty and gave to God all that she had to live on, which was everything she had.”

Footnotes:

  1. Mark 12:1 The Aramaic can be translated “He planted a vineyard by a stream.”
  2. Mark 12:1 See Isa. 5:1-7. The vineyard is a metaphor for the promises of life and glory for Israel. The leaders of the nation were but tenants who were to tend the vineyard. The fence was God’s protection and favor that surrounded them. The winepress was the Holy Spirit, who gave them the inspired revelation of Scripture. The watchtower could speak of the ministry of the prophets, who were like watchmen on the walls for God’s people.
  3. Mark 12:2 These servants represent the prophets whom God commissioned to take his word to the people, but they were rejected and persecuted.
  4. Mark 12:4 Some Greek manuscripts and the Aramaic read “and stoned him.”
  5. Mark 12:6 The Aramaic is “They’ll be ashamed of what they’ve done.”
  6. Mark 12:8 Jesus was the true Heir, who was crucified outside the walls of the city. See Heb. 13:12.
  7. Mark 12:9 The “others” is a hint of the gentiles who would receive the new covenant promises of God. See also John 15:1-2; Eph. 2:11-22.
  8. Mark 12:10 See Ps. 118:22-23; Isa. 8:14-15; 28:16.
  9. Mark 12:11 Or “it.”
  10. Mark 12:11 The Aramaic reads “This came from the presence of [next to] Lord Yahweh and is a marvel in our eyes.”
  11. Mark 12:14 Or “You don’t look into the faces of men” (before you speak the truth).
  12. Mark 12:16 Actual coins from that era have been found with the emperor’s image and a superscription saying, “Tiberius Caesar Augustus, son of the divine Augustus.”
  13. Mark 12:17 Implied in the text. The coin belongs to Caesar because it carries his image. We have an obligation to God because we carry his image.
  14. Mark 12:19 See Deut. 25:5-10.
  15. Mark 12:24 Or “You wander off the path” (of truth).
  16. Mark 12:26 Or “in the book of Moses.”
  17. Mark 12:26 See Ex. 3:6. The implication Jesus is making is that Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were all alive (in glory) when God spoke to Moses in the burning bush.
  18. Mark 12:27 Or “you wander off the path” (of truth).
  19. Mark 12:29 As translated from the Aramaic.
  20. Mark 12:31 The Aramaic is literally “your nearest,” which is a figure of speech for “your friend.”
  21. Mark 12:32 See Deut. 4:35.
  22. Mark 12:34 Jesus tells the man that God’s kingdom realm is within reach. It is a present reality, not just a far-off concept. In Mark 11–12, the religious scholars (scribes) are mentioned a number of times. It was a religious scholar who questioned Jesus’ authority (11:27-28), and it was a religious scholar who questioned his interpretation of Scripture (12:28). Now, in the verses that follow, Jesus shows that they had taught a theology without knowing the reality of Christ, the Messiah. Every teaching needs to be weighed by the reality of Christ, not the traditions of men.
  23. Mark 12:36 See Ps. 110:1, the most quoted Old Testament verse in the New Testament. Jesus is challenging them to consider that the Christ will be both God and man (David’s son and David’s Lord).
  24. Mark 12:38 The implied meaning of Jesus’ teaching is that we should choose carefully those we follow. The religious scholars are not rebuked for their plans to crucify Jesus, but for their flawed character.
  25. Mark 12:38 Or “marketplaces.”
  26. Mark 12:39 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “the best seats [reserved for respected leaders] in the synagogues.”
  27. Mark 12:40 Translated from the Aramaic, which is literally “They eat of the household with the ladle of their tender prayers.” The implication is that the religious leaders would go and pray at the homes of widows, then intimidate them by asking for offerings.
The Passion Translation (TPT)

The Passion Translation®. Copyright © 2017 by BroadStreet Publishing® Group, LLC.
Used by permission. All rights reserved. thePassionTranslation.com

Mark 12 New International Version (NIV)

The Parable of the Tenants

12 Jesus then began to speak to them in parables: “A man planted a vineyard. He put a wall around it, dug a pit for the winepress and built a watchtower. Then he rented the vineyard to some farmers and moved to another place. At harvest time he sent a servant to the tenants to collect from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. But they seized him, beat him and sent him away empty-handed. Then he sent another servant to them; they struck this man on the head and treated him shamefully. He sent still another, and that one they killed. He sent many others; some of them they beat, others they killed.

“He had one left to send, a son, whom he loved. He sent him last of all, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’

“But the tenants said to one another, ‘This is the heir. Come, let’s kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ So they took him and killed him, and threw him out of the vineyard.

“What then will the owner of the vineyard do? He will come and kill those tenants and give the vineyard to others. 10 Haven’t you read this passage of Scripture:

“‘The stone the builders rejected
    has become the cornerstone;
11 the Lord has done this,
    and it is marvelous in our eyes’[a]?”

12 Then the chief priests, the teachers of the law and the elders looked for a way to arrest him because they knew he had spoken the parable against them. But they were afraid of the crowd; so they left him and went away.

Paying the Imperial Tax to Caesar

13 Later they sent some of the Pharisees and Herodians to Jesus to catch him in his words. 14 They came to him and said, “Teacher, we know that you are a man of integrity. You aren’t swayed by others, because you pay no attention to who they are; but you teach the way of God in accordance with the truth. Is it right to pay the imperial tax[b] to Caesar or not? 15 Should we pay or shouldn’t we?”

But Jesus knew their hypocrisy. “Why are you trying to trap me?” he asked. “Bring me a denarius and let me look at it.” 16 They brought the coin, and he asked them, “Whose image is this? And whose inscription?”

“Caesar’s,” they replied.

17 Then Jesus said to them, “Give back to Caesar what is Caesar’s and to God what is God’s.”

And they were amazed at him.

Marriage at the Resurrection

18 Then the Sadducees, who say there is no resurrection, came to him with a question. 19 “Teacher,” they said, “Moses wrote for us that if a man’s brother dies and leaves a wife but no children, the man must marry the widow and raise up offspring for his brother. 20 Now there were seven brothers. The first one married and died without leaving any children. 21 The second one married the widow, but he also died, leaving no child. It was the same with the third. 22 In fact, none of the seven left any children. Last of all, the woman died too. 23 At the resurrection[c] whose wife will she be, since the seven were married to her?”

24 Jesus replied, “Are you not in error because you do not know the Scriptures or the power of God? 25 When the dead rise, they will neither marry nor be given in marriage; they will be like the angels in heaven. 26 Now about the dead rising—have you not read in the Book of Moses, in the account of the burning bush, how God said to him, ‘I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob’[d]? 27 He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are badly mistaken!”

The Greatest Commandment

28 One of the teachers of the law came and heard them debating. Noticing that Jesus had given them a good answer, he asked him, “Of all the commandments, which is the most important?”

29 “The most important one,” answered Jesus, “is this: ‘Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.[e] 30 Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength.’[f] 31 The second is this: ‘Love your neighbor as yourself.’[g] There is no commandment greater than these.”

32 “Well said, teacher,” the man replied. “You are right in saying that God is one and there is no other but him. 33 To love him with all your heart, with all your understanding and with all your strength, and to love your neighbor as yourself is more important than all burnt offerings and sacrifices.”

34 When Jesus saw that he had answered wisely, he said to him, “You are not far from the kingdom of God.” And from then on no one dared ask him any more questions.

Whose Son Is the Messiah?

35 While Jesus was teaching in the temple courts, he asked, “Why do the teachers of the law say that the Messiah is the son of David? 36 David himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit, declared:

“‘The Lord said to my Lord:
    “Sit at my right hand
until I put your enemies
    under your feet.”’[h]

37 David himself calls him ‘Lord.’ How then can he be his son?”

The large crowd listened to him with delight.

Warning Against the Teachers of the Law

38 As he taught, Jesus said, “Watch out for the teachers of the law. They like to walk around in flowing robes and be greeted with respect in the marketplaces, 39 and have the most important seats in the synagogues and the places of honor at banquets. 40 They devour widows’ houses and for a show make lengthy prayers. These men will be punished most severely.”

The Widow’s Offering

41 Jesus sat down opposite the place where the offerings were put and watched the crowd putting their money into the temple treasury. Many rich people threw in large amounts. 42 But a poor widow came and put in two very small copper coins, worth only a few cents.

43 Calling his disciples to him, Jesus said, “Truly I tell you, this poor widow has put more into the treasury than all the others. 44 They all gave out of their wealth; but she, out of her poverty, put in everything—all she had to live on.”

Footnotes:

  1. Mark 12:11 Psalm 118:22,23
  2. Mark 12:14 A special tax levied on subject peoples, not on Roman citizens
  3. Mark 12:23 Some manuscripts resurrection, when people rise from the dead,
  4. Mark 12:26 Exodus 3:6
  5. Mark 12:29 Or The Lord our God is one Lord
  6. Mark 12:30 Deut. 6:4,5
  7. Mark 12:31 Lev. 19:18
  8. Mark 12:36 Psalm 110:1
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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