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Isaiah 53 The Passion Translation (TPT)

53 Who has truly believed our revelation?

    To whom will Yahweh reveal his mighty arm?[a]
He sprouted up like a tender plant before the Lord,[b]
    like a root[c] in parched soil.
    He possessed no distinguishing beauty
    or outward splendor to catch our attention—
    nothing special in his appearance to make us desire him.
He was despised and rejected by men,
    a man of deep sorrows
    who was no stranger to suffering and grief.[d]
    We hid our faces from him in disgust
    and considered him a nobody, not worthy of respect.

The Sin-Bearer Servant

Yet he was the one who carried our sicknesses[e]
    and endured the torment of our sufferings.
    We viewed him as one who was being punished[f]
    for something he himself had done,
    as one who was struck down by God and brought low.
But it was because of our rebellious deeds that he was pierced[g]
    and because of our sins that he was crushed.
    He endured the punishment that made us completely whole,[h]
    and in[i] his wounding[j] we found our healing.
Like wayward sheep, we have all wandered[k] astray.
    Each of us has turned from God’s paths and chosen our own way;
    even so, Yahweh laid[l] the guilt of our every sin upon him.[m]

The Surrendered Servant

He was oppressed and harshly mistreated;
    still he humbly submitted, refusing to defend himself.
    He was brought like a gentle lamb[n] to be slaughtered.
    Like a silent sheep before his shearers,
    he didn’t even open his mouth.[o]
By coercion and with a perversion of justice
    he was taken away.
    And who could have imagined his future?[p]
    He was cut down in the prime of life;[q]
    for the rebellion of his[r] own people,
    he was struck down in their place.
They gave him a grave among criminals,[s]
    but he ended up instead in a rich man’s tomb,[t]
    although he had done no violence nor spoken deceitfully.

The Servant’s Reward

10 Even though it pleased Yahweh
    to crush him with grief,[u]
    he will be restored to favor.[v]
    After his soul becomes a guilt-offering,[w]
    he will gaze upon his many offspring and prolong his days.[x]
    And through him, Yahweh’s deepest desires
    will be fully accomplished.[y]
11 After the great anguish of his soul,
    he will see light[z] and be fully satisfied.[aa]
    By knowing him,[ab] the righteous one,
    my servant will make many to be righteous,[ac]
    because he, their sin-bearer, carried away their sins[ad]
12 So I, Yahweh, will assign him a portion
    among a great multitude,
    and he will triumph
    and divide the spoils of victory with his mighty ones—[ae]
    all because he poured out his life-blood[af] to death.
    He was counted among the worst of sinners,
    yet he carried sin’s burden for many[ag]
    and intercedes for those who are rebels.[ah]


  1. Isaiah 53:1 God’s arm is a metaphor for his triumphant power. It is said that almost every verse in this chapter is alluded to in the New Testament in reference to Jesus.
  2. Isaiah 53:2 Or “before him.”
  3. Isaiah 53:2 Jesus is the Root of David and the Sprouting of the Lord (Isa. 11:1). The parched soil can represent both the barrenness of humanity before God and the barren season of Israel’s history when Jesus appeared. A root cannot live in dry ground, yet we see a hint here that the Messiah would be miraculously born. A root in dry ground is an allusion to the virgin birth of Jesus, who was conceived without a human father.
  4. Isaiah 53:3 Yet Jesus was the most emotionally whole and healed man to ever walk the earth. He did not absorb the insults and rejections of even his own neighbors (Luke 4:14-30).
  5. Isaiah 53:4 This was fulfilled in two ways. First, when the Lamb of God carried away diseases as he walked the earth (Matt. 8:16-17). And second, by paying the sin price of all humanity on the cross with his sacred blood.
  6. Isaiah 53:4 Or “stricken,” a word used for one who is struck with leprosy. Because of this, the Jewish Talmud gives many opinions about this verse, then offers an authoritative ruling of the sages. “The rabbis say: ‘His name is The Leper … as it is said [in Isaiah 53:4], “Surely our sicknesses he himself bore and our sorrows he carried, yet we ourselves esteemed him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted”’” (b. Sanhedrin 98b). Their conclusion was that the Messiah will be called “the Leper of the House of Rabbi.” They understood that he would not be an actual “leper” but that he would carry the “spiritual leprosy” of the people, as a leper carries his affliction.
  7. Isaiah 53:5 See Zech. 12:10; John 19:31-37; Rev. 1:7.
  8. Isaiah 53:5 This is the Hebrew word shalom, meaning “peace, prosperity, wholeness, success, well-being.” All of these have come to us through Christ’s sufferings.
  9. Isaiah 53:5 The Hebrew word could be translated “among his wounds (bruises)” or “in his wounds (bruises).” See the split-open rock of Song. 2:14.
  10. Isaiah 53:5 The Hebrew word for wounding (“scourging”) is chaburah and means “blueness of the wounds.” But chaburah is taken from the root word chabar, which means “to join together, to unite, to have fellowship, to become a couple.” A nuanced translation of Isaiah 53:5 could be “In the fellowship of being one with him is our healing.”
  11. Isaiah 53:6 The Hebrew verb wander has an implication of self-deception. See 1 Peter 2:25.
  12. Isaiah 53:6 The Hebrew verb laid can also mean “to make intercession.” This would mean that the Lord interceded within himself (the Godhead) to orchestrate our salvation.
  13. Isaiah 53:6 This entire chapter provides such detail of the last hours of Jesus Christ that one would almost imagine Isaiah was standing at the foot of the cross writing this chapter. Isaiah’s prophecy, written more than seven hundred years before the cross, is all stated in the past tense, as though it had already happened. There is no other person in human history who could possibly fulfill all of Isaiah’s prophecy. It is believed that Isaiah 53 is referred to eighty-five times in the New Testament. A few of these references include Matt. 8:17; 27:11-13, 26-31, 41-43, 57-60; Mark 15:28; Luke 22:37; John 12:38; Acts 8:32-35; Rom. 5:6-9, 18-19; 10:16; Phil. 2:5-11; 1 Peter 2:21-24.
  14. Isaiah 53:7 See Gen. 22:7-8; John 1:29; 1 Cor. 5:7; 1 Peter 1:18-19; Rev. 5:12.
  15. Isaiah 53:7 This was the silence of submission to his Father’s will. See Matt. 26:63; Luke 23:9; 1 Peter 2:23.
  16. Isaiah 53:8 Or “who of his generation considered.”
  17. Isaiah 53:8 Or “He was cut off from the land of the living.” See Dan. 9:26.
  18. Isaiah 53:8 Or “my.”
  19. Isaiah 53:9 See Matt. 27:38; Mark 15:27; Luke 23:32; John 19:18.
  20. Isaiah 53:9 See Matt. 27:57-60. The literal Hebrew is “and with the rich in his deaths (plural).” His death is our death too, for we have been co-crucified with Christ (Gal. 2:20). Jesus was born from a virgin womb and laid in a virgin tomb.
  21. Isaiah 53:10 Or “disease.”
  22. Isaiah 53:10 This points to the resurrection of Jesus Christ, who died and rose again to the place of highest honor (Phil. 2:5-10).
  23. Isaiah 53:10 See Mark 10:45; Eph. 5:2; Heb. 9:14.
  24. Isaiah 53:10 Christ’s sacrifice results in the birth of spiritual offspring. He will see his spiritual offspring and enjoy living his life through them; thus, it could be said he prolonged his days. The life we live is no longer our own, and in a way, we prolong his days as we walk in close fellowship with Christ. A people in his image is the joy that was set before him (Heb. 12:1-2).
  25. Isaiah 53:10 Or “the will of the Lord will prosper in his hand.”
  26. Isaiah 53:11 This vision of light is the light of a new day, the resurrection morning light that flooded into the empty tomb.
  27. Isaiah 53:11 Or “He will eat and drink his fill.” See Song. 5:1.
  28. Isaiah 53:11 Or “by his knowledge” or “by his sweat.” The Hebrew word knowledge is taken from a homonymic root for “sweat.” Perhaps this is an allusion to his sweat trickling from the cross or of the sweat of blood in the garden of Gethsemane, as well as the knowledge of life that comes to us when we believe in him. See also Gen. 2:9 and 3:17–19, which also connect knowledge (of good and evil) with Adam’s sweat.
  29. Isaiah 53:11 This is an intimate knowledge, or experience of him by faith, that imparts the righteousness of God to everyone who believes. To be declared righteous involves pardon and acceptance. We are fully pardoned and fully accepted in Christ. See Rom. 3:22-26, 8:1; 2 Cor. 5:21; Eph. 1:5-6; 1 John 4:10.
  30. Isaiah 53:11 Jesus accepted the responsibility for the consequences of our sins. See Ps. 38:4; John 1:29; 1 John 3:5.
  31. Isaiah 53:12 Jesus shares the spoils of his victory on the cross and resurrection with us, his mighty ones. He purchased your victory, your salvation, your emotional wholeness, your healing, your deliverance, and your triumph over every foe.
  32. Isaiah 53:12 Or “himself.”
  33. Isaiah 53:12 See Matt. 11:28.
  34. Isaiah 53:12 The work of a priest was to offer sacrifice for sin and intercede for the sinner. Our High Priest, Jesus, has done this for us. He became our sacrifice and now is interceding for us. See Luke 23:33-34; Rom. 8:34; Heb. 7:25, 27.
The Passion Translation (TPT)

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