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Acts 27 The Passion Translation (TPT)

Paul Sails to Italy

27 When it was decided that we[a] were to sail for Italy, Festus handed over Paul and a number of other prisoners to the custody of a Roman officer named Julius, a member of the imperial guard. We went on board a ship from the port of Adramyttium[b] that was planning to stop at various ports along the coast of southwestern Turkey.[c] We put out to sea and were accompanied by Aristarchus[d] from Thessalonica in Macedonia.

The next day we docked at Sidon,[e] and Julius, being considerate of Paul, allowed him to disembark and be refreshed by his friends living there. From there we put out to sea, but because the winds[f] were against us, we sailed under the lee of Cyprus.[g] After sailing across the open sea off Cilicia and Pamphylia, we docked at the port of Myra in Lycia. While we were there, the commanding officer found an Egyptian ship from Alexandria that was bound for Italy, and he put us on board.

We made little headway for several days, and with difficulty we made it to Knidus.[h] The strong winds kept us from holding our course, so from there we sailed along the lee of Crete,[i] opposite Cape Salome. Hugging the coast, we struggled on to a place called Fair Havens, near the town of Lasea. We remained there a long time, until we passed the day of the Jewish fast.[j]

Paul advised the frightened sailors that they should not put out to sea in such dangerous weather,[k] saying, 10 “Men, I can see that our voyage would be disastrous for us and bring great loss, not only to our ship and cargo but also to our own lives. We should remain here.”[l]

11 But the officer in charge was persuaded more by the ship’s helmsman and captain[m] than he was by Paul. 12 So the majority decided to put out to sea, since Fair Haven was an exposed harbor and not suitable to winter in. They had hoped to somehow reach the Cretan port of Phineka,[n] which was a more suitable port because it was facing south.[o]

13 When a gentle south breeze began to blow, they assumed they could make it, so they pulled up anchor and sailed close to Crete. 14 But it wasn’t long before the weather abruptly worsened and a storm of hurricane force called the Nor’ easter[p] tore across the island and blew us out to sea. 15 The sailors weren’t able to turn the ship into the wind, so they gave up and let it be driven by the gale winds.[q]

16 As we passed to the lee of a small island called Cauda,[r] we were barely able to get the ship’s lifeboat under control, 17 so the crew hoisted the dinghy aboard. The sailors used ropes and cables to undergird the ship,[s] fearing they would run aground on the shoals of Syrtis.[t] They lowered the drag anchor to slow its speed and let the ship be driven along.

18 The next day, because of being battered severely by the storm, the sailors jettisoned the cargo, 19 and by the third day they even threw the ship’s tackle and rigging overboard. 20 After many days of seeing neither the sun nor the stars, and with the violent storm continuing to rage against us, all hope of ever getting through it alive was abandoned.

21 After being without food for a long time, Paul stepped before them all and said, “Men, you should have obeyed[u] me and avoided all of this pain and suffering by not leaving Crete. 22 Now listen to me. Don’t be depressed, for no one will perish—only the ship will be lost. 23 For God’s angel visited me last night, the angel of my God, the God I passionately serve. He came and stood in front of me 24 and said, ‘Don’t be afraid, Paul. You are destined to stand trial before Caesar. And because of God’s favor on you, he has given you the lives of everyone who is sailing with you.’ 25 So men, keep up your courage! I know that God will protect you, just as he told me he would. 26 But we must run aground on some island to be saved.”

27 On the fourteenth night of being tossed about the Adriatic Sea, about midnight, the sailors sensed we were approaching land. 28 So they took soundings and discovered that the water was about 120 feet deep.[v] After sailing a short distance, they again took soundings and found it was only ninety feet deep.[w] 29 Fearing we would be dashed against a rocky coast, they dropped four anchors from the stern and waited for morning to come.

30 Some sailors pretended to go down to drop anchors from the bow when in fact they wanted to lower the lifeboat into the sea and escape, abandoning ship. 31 Paul said to the Roman officer and his soldiers, “Unless you all stay together onboard the ship, you have no chance of surviving.” 32 At the moment they heard this, the soldiers cut the ropes of the dinghy and let it fall away.

33 Just before daybreak, Paul urged everyone to eat. He said, “Today makes two full weeks that you’ve been in fearful peril and hunger, unable to eat a thing. 34 Now eat and be nourished. For you’ll all come through this ordeal without a scratch.”[x]

35 Then Paul took bread and gave thanks to God[y] in front of them, broke it and began to eat. 36–37 There were 276 people who ate until they were filled, and were strengthened and encouraged.[z] 38 After they were satisfied, they threw the grain into the sea to lighten the ship.

Paul Is Shipwrecked

39 When daylight came, the sailors didn’t recognize the land, but they noticed a cove with a sandy beach, so they decided to run the ship ashore. 40 They cut away the anchors, leaving them in the sea, untied the ropes holding the rudders, and hoisted the foresail to the breeze to head for the beach. 41 But they drifted into the rocky shoals between two depths of the sea, causing the ship to flounder still a distance from shore. The bow was stuck fast, jammed on the rocks, while the stern was being smashed by the pounding of the surf.

42 The soldiers wanted to kill all the prisoners to prevent them from escaping. 43 But the Roman officer was determined to bring Paul safely through, so he foiled their attempts. He commanded the prisoners and crew who could swim to jump overboard and swim ashore.[aa] 44 The rest all managed to survive by clinging to planks and broken pieces of the ship, so that everyone scrambled to the shore uninjured.

Footnotes:

  1. Acts 27:1 It is likely that Luke rejoined Paul here and sailed with him to Rome.
  2. Acts 27:2 Adramyttium (modern-day Edrimit, Turkey) was a seaport in the Roman colony of Mysia. Adramyttium means “I will abide in death.”
  3. Acts 27:2 Or “the coast of the province of Asia” (Minor).
  4. Acts 27:2 Aristarchus means “the best leader.”
  5. Acts 27:3 A Phoenician city now in modern-day Lebanon.
  6. Acts 27:4 The Aramaic can be translated “the spirits were against us.”
  7. Acts 27:4 That is, east and north of the island.
  8. Acts 27:7 Or “Cnidus,” an ancient port city on the Gulf of Gökova on the coast of Turkey.
  9. Acts 27:7 The Aramaic is “we circled Crete.”
  10. Acts 27:9 This was possibly the Day of Atonement, when every Jew fasts.
  11. Acts 27:9 As translated from the Aramaic. This was the season the Romans called mare clausum, the closed sea, when the Mediterranean was not navigable.
  12. Acts 27:10 This was clearly prophetic revelation given to the apostle Paul.
  13. Acts 27:11 Or “ship’s owner.”
  14. Acts 27:12 Or “Phoenix.”
  15. Acts 27:12 As translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “looking toward Lips and Choros.” Lips was the Greek term for the “winds from the southwest,” and Choros the word for “winds from the northwest.”
  16. Acts 27:14 The Aramaic is “Euroclydon’s typhoon.”
  17. Acts 27:15 The Aramaic is “we surrendered to its power.”
  18. Acts 27:16 Or “Gaudos.”
  19. Acts 27:17 The Aramaic is “They tied down the lifeboat on the ship, lest it fall into the sea.”
  20. Acts 27:17 This was a shallow region full of reefs and sandbars off the coast of Libya between Benghazi and Tripoli.
  21. Acts 27:21 The Greek word peitharkheo means “to obey one who is in authority.” Paul was the true captain of the ship and carried the weight of authority.
  22. Acts 27:28 Or “twenty fathoms.”
  23. Acts 27:28 Or “fifteen fathoms.”
  24. Acts 27:34 Or “Not one hair of your heads will perish.”
  25. Acts 27:35 The Aramaic is “glorified God.”
  26. Acts 27:36 Paul served communion on board the ship and fed every passenger and crew member. (Did God multiply the bread?) The language used is vividly eucharistic. There is a variation among many Greek manuscripts as to the total of those who were fed. Some have as few as sixty-nine or seventy. The majority of reliable manuscripts in Greek and Aramaic have 276.
  27. Acts 27:43 As translated from the Aramaic.
The Passion Translation (TPT)

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Used by permission. All rights reserved. thePassionTranslation.com

Acts 27 New International Version (NIV)

Paul Sails for Rome

27 When it was decided that we would sail for Italy, Paul and some other prisoners were handed over to a centurion named Julius, who belonged to the Imperial Regiment. We boarded a ship from Adramyttium about to sail for ports along the coast of the province of Asia, and we put out to sea. Aristarchus, a Macedonian from Thessalonica, was with us.

The next day we landed at Sidon; and Julius, in kindness to Paul, allowed him to go to his friends so they might provide for his needs. From there we put out to sea again and passed to the lee of Cyprus because the winds were against us. When we had sailed across the open sea off the coast of Cilicia and Pamphylia, we landed at Myra in Lycia. There the centurion found an Alexandrian ship sailing for Italy and put us on board. We made slow headway for many days and had difficulty arriving off Cnidus. When the wind did not allow us to hold our course, we sailed to the lee of Crete, opposite Salmone. We moved along the coast with difficulty and came to a place called Fair Havens, near the town of Lasea.

Much time had been lost, and sailing had already become dangerous because by now it was after the Day of Atonement.[a] So Paul warned them, 10 “Men, I can see that our voyage is going to be disastrous and bring great loss to ship and cargo, and to our own lives also.” 11 But the centurion, instead of listening to what Paul said, followed the advice of the pilot and of the owner of the ship. 12 Since the harbor was unsuitable to winter in, the majority decided that we should sail on, hoping to reach Phoenix and winter there. This was a harbor in Crete, facing both southwest and northwest.

The Storm

13 When a gentle south wind began to blow, they saw their opportunity; so they weighed anchor and sailed along the shore of Crete. 14 Before very long, a wind of hurricane force, called the Northeaster, swept down from the island. 15 The ship was caught by the storm and could not head into the wind; so we gave way to it and were driven along. 16 As we passed to the lee of a small island called Cauda, we were hardly able to make the lifeboat secure, 17 so the men hoisted it aboard. Then they passed ropes under the ship itself to hold it together. Because they were afraid they would run aground on the sandbars of Syrtis, they lowered the sea anchor[b] and let the ship be driven along. 18 We took such a violent battering from the storm that the next day they began to throw the cargo overboard. 19 On the third day, they threw the ship’s tackle overboard with their own hands. 20 When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days and the storm continued raging, we finally gave up all hope of being saved.

21 After they had gone a long time without food, Paul stood up before them and said: “Men, you should have taken my advice not to sail from Crete; then you would have spared yourselves this damage and loss. 22 But now I urge you to keep up your courage, because not one of you will be lost; only the ship will be destroyed. 23 Last night an angel of the God to whom I belong and whom I serve stood beside me 24 and said, ‘Do not be afraid, Paul. You must stand trial before Caesar; and God has graciously given you the lives of all who sail with you.’ 25 So keep up your courage, men, for I have faith in God that it will happen just as he told me. 26 Nevertheless, we must run aground on some island.”

The Shipwreck

27 On the fourteenth night we were still being driven across the Adriatic[c] Sea, when about midnight the sailors sensed they were approaching land. 28 They took soundings and found that the water was a hundred and twenty feet[d] deep. A short time later they took soundings again and found it was ninety feet[e] deep. 29 Fearing that we would be dashed against the rocks, they dropped four anchors from the stern and prayed for daylight. 30 In an attempt to escape from the ship, the sailors let the lifeboat down into the sea, pretending they were going to lower some anchors from the bow. 31 Then Paul said to the centurion and the soldiers, “Unless these men stay with the ship, you cannot be saved.” 32 So the soldiers cut the ropes that held the lifeboat and let it drift away.

33 Just before dawn Paul urged them all to eat. “For the last fourteen days,” he said, “you have been in constant suspense and have gone without food—you haven’t eaten anything. 34 Now I urge you to take some food. You need it to survive. Not one of you will lose a single hair from his head.” 35 After he said this, he took some bread and gave thanks to God in front of them all. Then he broke it and began to eat. 36 They were all encouraged and ate some food themselves. 37 Altogether there were 276 of us on board. 38 When they had eaten as much as they wanted, they lightened the ship by throwing the grain into the sea.

39 When daylight came, they did not recognize the land, but they saw a bay with a sandy beach, where they decided to run the ship aground if they could. 40 Cutting loose the anchors, they left them in the sea and at the same time untied the ropes that held the rudders. Then they hoisted the foresail to the wind and made for the beach. 41 But the ship struck a sandbar and ran aground. The bow stuck fast and would not move, and the stern was broken to pieces by the pounding of the surf.

42 The soldiers planned to kill the prisoners to prevent any of them from swimming away and escaping. 43 But the centurion wanted to spare Paul’s life and kept them from carrying out their plan. He ordered those who could swim to jump overboard first and get to land. 44 The rest were to get there on planks or on other pieces of the ship. In this way everyone reached land safely.

Footnotes:

  1. Acts 27:9 That is, Yom Kippur
  2. Acts 27:17 Or the sails
  3. Acts 27:27 In ancient times the name referred to an area extending well south of Italy.
  4. Acts 27:28 Or about 37 meters
  5. Acts 27:28 Or about 27 meters
New International Version (NIV)

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