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God’s Times and Seasons

From Paul, Silas,[a] and Timothy.[b] We send our greetings to you, the Thessalonian congregation[c] of believers, which is in God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.[d] May God’s delightful grace[e] and peace rest upon you.[f]

We feel a personal responsibility to continually be thanking God for you, our spiritual family,[g] every time we pray. And we have every reason to do so because your faith is growing marvelously beyond measure. The unselfish love each of you share for one another is increasing and overflowing! We point to you as an example of unwavering faith[h] for all the churches of God. We boast about how you continue to demonstrate unflinching endurance[i] through all the persecutions and painful trials you are experiencing.[j] All of this proves that God’s judgment is always perfect and is intended to make you worthy of inheriting the kingdom of God, which is why you are going through these troubles.

Encouragement of Christ’s Appearing

It is right and just for God to trouble your troublers and give rest to the troubled, both to you and to us, at the unveiling[k] of the Lord Jesus from heaven with his messengers of power within a flame of fire. He will bring perfect and full justice to those who don’t know God[l] and on those who refuse to embrace the gospel of our Lord Jesus. They will suffer the penalty of eternal destruction, banished from the Lord’s presence[m] and from the manifestation of his glorious power.[n] 10 This will happen on that day when he glorifies his holy ones,[o] and they will be marveled at in all those who believed—including you, since in fact, you believed our message.[p]

11 With this in mind, we constantly pray that our God will empower you to live worthy of all that he has invited you to experience.[q] And we pray that by his power all the pleasures of goodness and all works inspired by faith would fill you completely.[r] 12 By doing this the name of our Lord Jesus will be glorified in you, and you will be glorified in him, by the marvelous grace of our God and the Lord Jesus Christ.[s]


  1. 1:1 See the first footnote on 1 Thess. 1:1.
  2. 1:1 See the second footnote on 1 Thess. 1:1.
  3. 1:1 See the third footnote on 1 Thess. 1:1.
  4. 1:1 The church is both “in” God the Father and “in” Jesus Christ. The Trinity is making room for the bride.
  5. 1:2 The usage of charis (grace) in ancient classical Greek carries the connotation of something that awakens joy and pleasure. The Greek concept of grace imparts delight, often attached to a strong emotional element. Paul uses the term grace as a joyous delight that rests upon the people of God. See Thomas F. Torrance, The Doctrine of Grace in the Apostolic Fathers, 1–2.
  6. 1:2 Some manuscripts add “from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.”
  7. 1:3 Or “brothers and sisters.”
  8. 1:4 Or “perseverance and faith,” a likely hendiadys.
  9. 1:4 The Aramaic can be translated “your hope,” making it their faith, their love, and their hope that Paul lauds them for.
  10. 1:4 No matter what difficulty we may pass through, a growing faith in Christ, an increasing love for others, and unwavering hope will be the keys to coming through it victoriously.
  11. 1:7 Or “uncovering” or “revelation.”
  12. 1:8 Or “inflicting vengeance upon those who do not know God.” See Ps. 79:6; Isa. 66:15; Jer. 10:25.
  13. 1:9 Or “face.”
  14. 1:9 See Isa. 2:10, 19, 21.
  15. 1:10 Or “is glorified in his holy ones.”
  16. 1:10 Or “testimony.”
  17. 1:11 Or “that our God would make you worthy [or considered worthy] of your calling.”
  18. 1:11 This sentence is translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “By his power he will fulfill your every resolve for goodness and works of faith.”
  19. 1:12 Or “our God and Lord, Jesus Christ.”

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