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1 Thessalonians 5 The Passion Translation (TPT)

God’s Times and Seasons

Now, beloved brothers and sisters, concerning the question of God’s precise times and specific seasons,[a] you don’t need me to write anything to you. For you already know quite well that the day of the Lord[b] will come unexpectedly and as a complete surprise.[c] For while some are saying, “Finally we have peace and security,” sudden destruction will arrive at their doorstep, like labor pains seizing a pregnant woman—and with no chance of escape!

But you, beloved brothers and sisters, are not living in the dark, allowing that day to creep up on you like a thief coming to steal. For you are all children of the light and children of the day. We don’t belong to the night nor to darkness. This is why we must not fall asleep, as the rest do, but keep wide awake and clearheaded. For those who are asleep sleep the night away, and drunkards get drunk at night.[d] But since we belong to the day, we must stay alert and clearheaded by placing the breastplate of faith and love over our hearts, and a helmet of the hope of salvation over our thoughts.[e] For God has not destined us to experience wrath but to possess salvation through our Lord Jesus, the Anointed One. 10 He gave his life for us so that we may share in resurrection life[f] in union with him—whether we’re awake or asleep. 11 Because of this, encourage the hearts of your fellow believers and support one another, just as you have already been doing.

12 Dear brothers and sisters, make sure that you show your deep appreciation for those who cherish you and diligently work as ministers among you. For they are your leaders who care for you, teach you, and stand before the Lord on your behalf. 13 They value you with great love. Because of their service to you, let peace reign among yourselves.[g]

14 We appeal to you, dear brothers and sisters, to instruct those who are not in their place of battle.[h] Be skilled at gently encouraging those who feel themselves inadequate.[i] Be faithful to stand your ground. Help the weak to stand again. Be quick to demonstrate patience with everyone. 15 Resist revenge, and make sure that no one pays back evil in place of evil but always pursue doing what is beautiful to one another and to all the unbelievers.

16 Let joy be your continual feast.[j] 17 Make your life a prayer. 18 And in the midst of everything be always giving thanks, for this is God’s perfect plan for you in Christ Jesus.[k]

19 Never restrain or put out the fire of the Holy Spirit. 20 And don’t be one who scorns prophecies,[l] 21 but be faithful to examine them by putting them to the test, and afterward hold tightly to what has proven to be right.[m] 22 Avoid every appearance of evil.

23 Now, may the God of peace and harmony set you apart, making you completely holy. And may your entire being—spirit, soul, and body—be kept completely flawless in the appearing of our Lord Jesus, the Anointed One. 24 The one who calls you by name is trustworthy and will thoroughly complete his work in you.

25 Now, beloved ones, pray for us.

26 Greet every brother and sister with a sacred kiss.

27 I solemnly[n] plead with you before the Lord to make sure that every holy believer among you has the opportunity to hear this letter read to them.

28 Grace from our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen!


  1. 1 Thessalonians 5:1 That is “the specific intervals of time and the epoch [hinge] periods of time.”
  2. 1 Thessalonians 5:2 See Jer. 30:7; Joel 1:15; 2:1-2; Amos 5:18; Zech. 1:4-18.
  3. 1 Thessalonians 5:2 Or “like a thief comes in the night” (as unexpected as a home invasion). See Matt. 24:3-25:46; Mark 13:3-37; Luke 21:5-36; 2 Peter 3:10; Rev. 3:3; 16:15.
  4. 1 Thessalonians 5:7 See John 3:9-20.
  5. 1 Thessalonians 5:8 The Aramaic can be translated “be clearheaded in our vision as we are deployed on the battlefield for faithfulness and love, and set apart with the shield of the hope of everlasting life.” See Isa. 59:17; Eph. 6:10-17.
  6. 1 Thessalonians 5:10 As translated from the Aramaic and implied in the Greek.
  7. 1 Thessalonians 5:13 Verses 12–13 are translated from the Aramaic. The Greek is “Brothers and sisters, we appeal to you to respect [recognize] those who labor among you and have oversight of your lives in the Lord and admonish you. Show them as much respect as possible with great love because of all they do for you. Be at peace among yourselves.” Church leaders deserve our financial support and love because of the work they do for our benefit.
  8. 1 Thessalonians 5:14 Or “those who are disorderly,” or “those who are idle.” The Greek word ataktos is often used for troops that are not in battle formation (unarranged).
  9. 1 Thessalonians 5:14 Or “those who are losing heart [fainthearted].”
  10. 1 Thessalonians 5:16 The Aramaic can be translated “Be joyous in every season.”
  11. 1 Thessalonians 5:18 Verses 16–18 identify three areas our lives we must focus on: (1) unbounded joy, (2) praying continually, and (3) giving thanks to God no matter happens in our lives. These three virtues combine to form the wonderful expression of Christ’s life within us.
  12. 1 Thessalonians 5:20 There is an implication in the context of vv. 19–20 that we put out the Spirit’s fire when we scorn prophecy. Prophecy is a valid gift of the Holy Spirit needed by the church today. There is no place in Scripture or in church history that indicates the gift of prophecy has ceased or disappeared. It is an active function of the Holy Spirit in the church around the world. We must not ignore, despise, or scorn any true gift of the Holy Spirit. Putting out the fire of the Holy Spirit (v. 19) is connected to scorning the prophetic ministry. We need prophets and prophecy to keep the fire (inspiration) of the Holy Spirit burning in our hearts. See 1 Cor. 12–14.
  13. 1 Thessalonians 5:21 The Aramaic can be translated “Regard everything seriously and choose what is best.”
  14. 1 Thessalonians 5:27 Or “I put you under oath” (a serious obligation).
The Passion Translation (TPT)

The Passion Translation®. Copyright © 2017 by BroadStreet Publishing® Group, LLC.
Used by permission. All rights reserved. thePassionTranslation.com

1 Thessalonians 5 New International Version (NIV)

The Day of the Lord

Now, brothers and sisters, about times and dates we do not need to write to you, for you know very well that the day of the Lord will come like a thief in the night. While people are saying, “Peace and safety,” destruction will come on them suddenly, as labor pains on a pregnant woman, and they will not escape.

But you, brothers and sisters, are not in darkness so that this day should surprise you like a thief. You are all children of the light and children of the day. We do not belong to the night or to the darkness. So then, let us not be like others, who are asleep, but let us be awake and sober. For those who sleep, sleep at night, and those who get drunk, get drunk at night. But since we belong to the day, let us be sober, putting on faith and love as a breastplate, and the hope of salvation as a helmet. For God did not appoint us to suffer wrath but to receive salvation through our Lord Jesus Christ. 10 He died for us so that, whether we are awake or asleep, we may live together with him. 11 Therefore encourage one another and build each other up, just as in fact you are doing.

Final Instructions

12 Now we ask you, brothers and sisters, to acknowledge those who work hard among you, who care for you in the Lord and who admonish you. 13 Hold them in the highest regard in love because of their work. Live in peace with each other. 14 And we urge you, brothers and sisters, warn those who are idle and disruptive, encourage the disheartened, help the weak, be patient with everyone. 15 Make sure that nobody pays back wrong for wrong, but always strive to do what is good for each other and for everyone else.

16 Rejoice always, 17 pray continually, 18 give thanks in all circumstances; for this is God’s will for you in Christ Jesus.

19 Do not quench the Spirit. 20 Do not treat prophecies with contempt 21 but test them all; hold on to what is good, 22 reject every kind of evil.

23 May God himself, the God of peace, sanctify you through and through. May your whole spirit, soul and body be kept blameless at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ. 24 The one who calls you is faithful, and he will do it.

25 Brothers and sisters, pray for us. 26 Greet all God’s people with a holy kiss. 27 I charge you before the Lord to have this letter read to all the brothers and sisters.

28 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.

New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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