English Standard Version
Jesus Washes the Disciples' Feet
13 Now (A)before (B)the Feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that (C)his hour had come (D)to depart out of this world to the Father, (E)having loved (F)his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end. 2 During supper, when (G)the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him, 3 Jesus, knowing (H)that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that (I)he had come from God and (J)was going back to God, 4 rose from supper. He laid aside his outer garments, and taking a towel, (K)tied it around his waist. 5 Then he (L)poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him. 6 He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, “Lord, do you wash my feet?” 7 (M)Jesus answered him, “What I am doing (N)you do not understand now, but afterward you will understand.” 8 (O)Peter said to him, “You shall never wash my feet.” Jesus answered him, (P)“If I do not wash you, you have no share with me.” 9 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!” 10 Jesus said to him, “The one who has bathed does not need to wash, (Q)except for his feet,[a] but is completely clean. And (R)you[b] are clean, (S)but not every one of you.” 11 (T)For he knew who was to betray him; that was why he said, “Not all of you are clean.”
12 When he had washed their feet and (U)put on his outer garments and resumed his place, he said to them, (V)“Do you understand what I have done to you? 13 (W)You call me (X)Teacher and Lord, and you are right, for so I am. 14 If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, (Y)you also ought to wash one another's feet. 15 For I have given you an example, (Z)that you also should do just as I have done to you. 16 Truly, truly, I say to you, (AA)a servant[c] is not greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him. 17 If you know these things, (AB)blessed are you if you do them. 18 (AC)I am not speaking of all of you; I know (AD)whom I have chosen. But (AE)the Scripture will be fulfilled,[d] (AF)‘He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.’ 19 (AG)I am telling you this now, before it takes place, that when it does take place you may believe that I am he. 20 Truly, truly, I say to you, (AH)whoever receives the one I send receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me.”
One of You Will Betray Me
21 After saying these things, (AI)Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, (AJ)“Truly, truly, I say to you, (AK)one of you will betray me.” 22 (AL)The disciples looked at one another, uncertain of whom he spoke. 23 (AM)One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was reclining at table (AN)at Jesus' side,[e] 24 so Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus[f] of whom he was speaking. 25 (AO)So that disciple, (AP)leaning back against Jesus, said to him, “Lord, who is it?” 26 Jesus answered, (AQ)“It is he to whom I will give this morsel of bread (AR)when I have dipped it.” So when he had dipped the morsel, (AS)he gave it to Judas, (AT)the son of Simon Iscariot. 27 Then after he had taken the morsel, (AU)Satan entered into him. Jesus said to him, (AV)“What you are going to do, do quickly.” 28 Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him. 29 Some thought that, (AW)because Judas had the moneybag, Jesus was telling him, “Buy what we need (AX)for the feast,” or that he should (AY)give something to the poor. 30 So, after receiving the morsel of bread, he immediately went out. (AZ)And it was night.
A New Commandment
31 When he had gone out, Jesus said, (BA)“Now is the Son of Man glorified, and (BB)God is glorified in him. 32 If God is glorified in him, (BC)God will also glorify him in himself, and (BD)glorify him at once. 33 Little children, (BE)yet a little while I am with you. You will seek me, and just (BF)as I said to the Jews, so now I also say to you, ‘Where I am going you cannot come.’ 34 (BG)A new commandment (BH)I give to you, (BI)that you love one another: (BJ)just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. 35 (BK)By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another.”
Jesus Foretells Peter's Denial
36 Simon Peter said to him, “Lord, where are you going?” (BL)Jesus answered him, “Where I am going (BM)you cannot follow me now, (BN)but you will follow afterward.” 37 (BO)Peter said to him, “Lord, why can I not follow you now? I will lay down my life for you.” 38 Jesus answered, “Will you lay down your life for me? Truly, truly, I say to you, (BP)the rooster will not crow till you have denied me three times.
I Am the Way, and the Truth, and the Life
14 (BQ)“Let not your hearts be troubled. (BR)Believe in God;[g] believe also in me. 2 In (BS)my Father's house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that (BT)I go to prepare a place for you?[h] 3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and will take you (BU)to myself, that (BV)where I am you may be also. 4 And you know the way to where I am going.”[i] 5 (BW)Thomas said to him, “Lord, (BX)we do not know where you are going. How can we know the way?” 6 Jesus said to him, “I am (BY)the way, and (BZ)the truth, and (CA)the life. No one comes to the Father except through me. 7 (CB)If you had known me, you would have (CC)known my Father also.[j] From now on you do know him and (CD)have seen him.”
8 (CE)Philip said to him, “Lord, (CF)show us the Father, and it is enough for us.” 9 Jesus said to him, “Have I been with you so long, and you still do not know me, Philip? (CG)Whoever has seen me has seen the Father. How can you say, ‘Show us the Father’? 10 Do you not believe that (CH)I am in the Father and the Father is in me? The words that I say to you (CI)I do not speak on my own authority, but the Father who dwells in me does his works. 11 Believe me that (CJ)I am in the Father and the Father is in me, or else (CK)believe on account of the works themselves.
12 “Truly, truly, I say to you, (CL)whoever believes in me will also do the works that I do; and greater works than these will he do, because I (CM)am going to the Father. 13 (CN)Whatever you ask in my name, this I will do, that (CO)the Father may be glorified in the Son. 14 (CP)If you ask me[k] anything in my name, I will do it.
Jesus Promises the Holy Spirit
15 (CQ)“If you love me, you will (CR)keep my commandments. 16 And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another (CS)Helper,[l] to be with you forever, 17 even (CT)the Spirit of truth, (CU)whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and (CV)will be[m] in you.
18 “I will not leave you as orphans; (CW)I will come to you. 19 (CX)Yet a little while and the world will see me no more, but (CY)you will see me. (CZ)Because I live, you also will live. 20 (DA)In that day you will know that (DB)I am in my Father, and (DC)you in me, and (DD)I in you. 21 (DE)Whoever has my commandments and (DF)keeps them, he it is who loves me. And (DG)he who loves me (DH)will be loved by my Father, and I will love him and (DI)manifest myself to him.” 22 (DJ)Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it (DK)that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?” 23 Jesus answered him, (DL)“If anyone loves me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and (DM)we will come to him and (DN)make our home with him. 24 Whoever does not love me does not keep my words. And (DO)the word that you hear is not mine but the Father's who sent me.
25 “These things I have spoken to you while I am still with you. 26 But the (DP)Helper, the Holy Spirit, (DQ)whom the Father will send in my name, (DR)he will teach you all things and (DS)bring to your remembrance all that I have said to you. 27 (DT)Peace I leave with you; (DU)my peace I give to you. Not as the world gives do I give to you. (DV)Let not your hearts be troubled, neither (DW)let them be afraid. 28 (DX)You heard me say to you, (DY)‘I am going away, and I will come to you.’ If you loved me, you would have rejoiced, because I (DZ)am going to the Father, for (EA)the Father is greater than I. 29 And (EB)now I have told you before it takes place, so that when it does take place you may believe. 30 I will no longer talk much with you, for (EC)the ruler of this world is coming. (ED)He has no claim on me, 31 but I do (EE)as the Father has commanded me, (EF)so that the world may know that I love the Father. Rise, let us go from here.
I Am the True Vine
15 “I am the (EG)true vine, and my Father is (EH)the vinedresser. 2 (EI)Every branch in me that does not bear fruit (EJ)he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, (EK)that it may bear more fruit. 3 Already (EL)you are clean (EM)because of the word that I have spoken to you. 4 (EN)Abide (EO)in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me. 5 I am the vine; (EP)you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that (EQ)bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. 6 If anyone does not abide in me (ER)he is thrown away like a branch and withers; (ES)and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned. 7 If (ET)you abide in me, and my words abide in you, (EU)ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you. 8 (EV)By this my Father is glorified, that you (EW)bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples. 9 (EX)As the Father has loved me, (EY)so have I loved you. Abide in my love. 10 (EZ)If you keep my commandments, you will abide in my love, just as (FA)I have kept (FB)my Father's commandments and abide in his love. 11 These things I have spoken to you, (FC)that my joy may be in you, and that (FD)your joy may be full.
12 (FE)“This is my commandment, that you love one another as I have loved you. 13 (FF)Greater love has no one than this, (FG)that someone lay down his life for his friends. 14 You are (FH)my friends (FI)if you do what I command you. 15 (FJ)No longer do I call you servants,[n] for the servant (FK)does not know what his master is doing; but I have called you friends, for (FL)all that I have heard from my Father (FM)I have made known to you. 16 You did not choose me, but (FN)I chose you and appointed you that you should go and (FO)bear fruit and that your fruit should abide, so that (FP)whatever you ask the Father in my name, he may give it to you. 17 These things I command you, (FQ)so that you will love one another.
The Hatred of the World
18 (FR)“If the world hates you, know that it has hated me before it hated you. 19 (FS)If you were of the world, the world would love you as its own; but because (FT)you are not of the world, but I chose you out of the world, therefore the world hates you. 20 Remember the word that I said to you: (FU)‘A servant is not greater than his master.’ If they persecuted me, (FV)they will also persecute you. (FW)If they kept my word, they will also keep yours. 21 But (FX)all these things they will do to you (FY)on account of my name, (FZ)because they do not know him who sent me. 22 If I had not come and spoken to them, (GA)they would not have been guilty of sin,[o] but now they have no excuse for their sin. 23 (GB)Whoever hates me hates my Father also. 24 (GC)If I had not done among them the works that no one else did, (GD)they would not be guilty of sin, but now they have (GE)seen and hated both me and my Father. 25 But (GF)the word that is written in their Law must be fulfilled: (GG)‘They hated me without a cause.’
26 “But (GH)when the Helper comes, whom I will send to you from the Father, the Spirit of truth, who proceeds from the Father, (GI)he will bear witness about me. 27 And (GJ)you also will bear witness, (GK)because you have been with me (GL)from the beginning.
16 “I have said all these things to you to keep you from falling away. 2 (GM)They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed, (GN)the hour is coming when (GO)whoever kills you will think he is offering service to God. 3 And they will do these things (GP)because they have not known the Father, nor me. 4 But (GQ)I have said these things to you, that when (GR)their hour comes you may remember that I told them to you.
The Work of the Holy Spirit
“I did not say these things to you from the beginning, (GS)because I was with you. 5 But now (GT)I am going to him who sent me, and (GU)none of you asks me, ‘Where are you going?’ 6 But because I have said these things to you, (GV)sorrow has filled your heart. 7 Nevertheless, I tell you the truth: it is to your advantage that I go away, for (GW)if I do not go away, (GX)the Helper will not come to you. But (GY)if (GZ)I go, (HA)I will send him to you. 8 (HB)And when he comes, he will (HC)convict the world concerning sin and righteousness and judgment: 9 concerning sin, (HD)because they do not believe in me; 10 (HE)concerning righteousness, (HF)because I go to the Father, and you will see me no longer; 11 (HG)concerning judgment, because the ruler of this world (HH)is judged.
12 “I still have many things to say to you, but you cannot bear them now. 13 When (HI)the Spirit of truth comes, (HJ)he will (HK)guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but (HL)whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. 14 He will (HM)glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you. 15 (HN)All that the Father has is mine; (HO)therefore I said that he will take what is mine and declare it to you.
Your Sorrow Will Turn into Joy
16 (HP)“A little while, and you will see me no longer; and (HQ)again a little while, and you will see me.” 17 So (HR)some of his disciples said to one another, “What is this that he says to us, (HS)‘A little while, and you will not see me, and again a little while, and you will see me’; and, (HT)‘because I am going to the Father’?” 18 So they were saying, “What does he mean by ‘a little while’? (HU)We do not know what he is talking about.” 19 (HV)Jesus knew that they wanted to ask him, so he said to them, “Is this what you are asking yourselves, what I meant by saying, ‘A little while and you will not see me, and again a little while and you will see me’? 20 Truly, truly, I say to you, (HW)you will weep and lament, but (HX)the world will rejoice. You will be sorrowful, but (HY)your sorrow will turn into joy. 21 (HZ)When a woman is giving birth, she has sorrow because her hour has come, but when she has delivered the baby, she no longer remembers the anguish, for joy that a human being has been born into the world. 22 (IA)So also you have sorrow now, but (IB)I will see you again, and (IC)your hearts will rejoice, and no one will take your joy from you. 23 (ID)In that day you will (IE)ask nothing of me. Truly, truly, I say to you, (IF)whatever you ask of the Father in my name, (IG)he will give it to you. 24 Until now you have asked nothing in my name. (IH)Ask, and you will receive, (II)that your joy may be full.
I Have Overcome the World
25 “I have said these things to you in figures of speech. (IJ)The hour is coming when I will no longer speak to you in figures of speech but will tell you plainly about the Father. 26 In that day you will ask in my name, and I do not say to you that I will ask the Father on your behalf; 27 (IK)for the Father himself loves you, because (IL)you have loved me and (IM)have believed that I came from God.[p] 28 (IN)I came from the Father and have come into the world, and now (IO)I am leaving the world and going to the Father.”
29 His disciples said, “Ah, now you are speaking plainly and not (IP)using figurative speech! 30 Now we know that (IQ)you know all things and do not need anyone to question you; this is why we believe that (IR)you came from God.” 31 Jesus answered them, “Do you now believe? 32 Behold, (IS)the hour is coming, indeed it has come, when (IT)you will be scattered, each to his own home, and (IU)will leave me alone. (IV)Yet I am not alone, for the Father is with me. 33 I have said these things to you, that (IW)in me you may have peace. (IX)In the world you will have (IY)tribulation. But (IZ)take heart; (JA)I have overcome the world.”
The High Priestly Prayer
17 When Jesus had spoken these words, (JB)he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, (JC)the hour has come; (JD)glorify your Son that the Son may (JE)glorify you, 2 since (JF)you have given him authority over all flesh, (JG)to give eternal life to all (JH)whom you have given him. 3 (JI)And this is eternal life, (JJ)that they know you, (JK)the only (JL)true God, and (JM)Jesus Christ whom you have sent. 4 I (JN)glorified you on earth, (JO)having accomplished the work that you gave me to do. 5 And now, Father, (JP)glorify me in your own presence with the glory (JQ)that I had with you (JR)before the world existed.
6 (JS)“I have manifested your name to the people (JT)whom you gave me out of the world. (JU)Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. 7 Now they know that everything (JV)that you have given me is from you. 8 For I have given them (JW)the words that you gave me, and they have received them and have come to know in truth that (JX)I came from you; and (JY)they have believed that you sent me. 9 I am praying for them. (JZ)I am not praying for the world but for those (KA)whom you have given me, for (KB)they are yours. 10 (KC)All mine are yours, and yours are mine, and (KD)I am glorified in them. 11 And I am no longer in the world, but (KE)they are in the world, and (KF)I am coming to you. (KG)Holy Father, (KH)keep them in your name, (KI)which you have given me, (KJ)that they may be one, (KK)even as we are one. 12 (KL)While I was with them, I kept them in your name, which you have given me. I have (KM)guarded them, and (KN)not one of them has been lost except (KO)the son of destruction, (KP)that the Scripture might be fulfilled. 13 But now (KQ)I am coming to you, and these things I speak in the world, that they may have (KR)my joy fulfilled in themselves. 14 (KS)I have given them your word, and (KT)the world has hated them (KU)because they are not of the world, (KV)just as I am not of the world. 15 I (KW)do not ask that you (KX)take them out of the world, but that you (KY)keep them from (KZ)the evil one.[q] 16 (LA)They are not of the world, just as I am not of the world. 17 (LB)Sanctify them[r] in the truth; (LC)your word is truth. 18 (LD)As you sent me into the world, so I have sent them into the world. 19 And (LE)for their sake (LF)I consecrate myself,[s] that they also (LG)may be sanctified[t] in truth.
20 “I do not (LH)ask for these only, but also for those (LI)who will believe in me through their word, 21 (LJ)that they may all be one, just as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that (LK)they also may be in (LL)us, so that the world (LM)may believe that you have sent me. 22 (LN)The glory that you have given me (LO)I have given to them, (LP)that they may be one even as we are one, 23 (LQ)I in them and you in me, (LR)that they may become perfectly one, (LS)so that the world may know that you sent me and (LT)loved them even as (LU)you loved me. 24 Father, I desire that they also, whom you have given me, may be (LV)with me (LW)where I am, (LX)to see my glory that you have given me because you loved me (LY)before the foundation of the world. 25 (LZ)O righteous Father, even though (MA)the world does not know you, I know you, and these know that you have sent me. 26 (MB)I made known to them your name, and I will continue to make it known, that the love (MC)with which you have loved me may be in them, and (MD)I in them.”
Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus
18 When Jesus had spoken these words, (ME)he went out with his disciples across (MF)the brook Kidron, where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew (MG)the place, for (MH)Jesus often met there with his disciples. 3 (MI)So Judas, having procured a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons. 4 Then Jesus, (MJ)knowing all that would happen to him, came forward and said to them, (MK)“Whom do you seek?” 5 They answered him, “Jesus of Nazareth.” Jesus said to them, “I am he.”[u] Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them. 6 (ML)When Jesus[v] said to them, “I am he,” they drew back and fell to the ground. 7 So he asked them again, (MM)“Whom do you seek?” And they said, “Jesus of Nazareth.” 8 Jesus answered, “I told you that I am he. So, if you seek me, let these men go.” 9 (MN)This was to fulfill the word that he had spoken: “Of those whom you gave me I have lost not one.” 10 Then Simon Peter, (MO)having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's servant[w] and cut off his right ear. (The servant's name was Malchus.) 11 So Jesus said to Peter, “Put your sword into its sheath; (MP)shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me?”
Jesus Faces Annas and Caiaphas
12 So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews[x] arrested Jesus and bound him. 13 First they (MQ)led him to (MR)Annas, for he was the father-in-law of (MS)Caiaphas, who was high priest that year. 14 It was Caiaphas who had advised the Jews (MT)that it would be expedient that one man should die for the people.
Peter Denies Jesus
15 (MU)Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple. Since that disciple was known to the high priest, he entered with Jesus into the courtyard of the high priest, 16 (MV)but Peter stood outside at the door. So the other disciple, who was known to the high priest, went out and spoke to the servant girl who kept watch at the door, and brought Peter in. 17 (MW)The servant girl at the door said to Peter, “You also are not one of this man's disciples, are you?” He said, “I am not.” 18 Now the servants[y] and officers had made a charcoal fire, because it was cold, and they were standing and warming themselves. (MX)Peter also was with them, standing and warming himself.
The High Priest Questions Jesus
19 (MY)The high priest then questioned Jesus about his disciples and his teaching. 20 Jesus answered him, “I have spoken (MZ)openly (NA)to the world. I have always taught in synagogues and in the temple, where all Jews come together. (NB)I have said nothing in secret. 21 Why do you ask me? Ask those who have heard me what I said to them; they know what I said.” 22 When he had said these things, one of the officers standing by struck Jesus with his hand, saying, (NC)“Is that how you answer the high priest?” 23 Jesus answered him, “If what I said is wrong, bear witness about the wrong; but if what I said is right, why do you strike me?” 24 (ND)Annas then sent him bound to (NE)Caiaphas the high priest.
Peter Denies Jesus Again
25 (NF)Now Simon Peter was standing and warming himself. So they said to him, “You also are not one of his disciples, are you?” He denied it and said, “I am not.” 26 One of the servants of the high priest, a relative of (NG)the man whose ear Peter had cut off, asked, “Did I not see you (NH)in the garden with him?” 27 Peter again denied it, and (NI)at once a rooster crowed.
Jesus Before Pilate
28 (NJ)Then they led Jesus (NK)from the house of Caiaphas to (NL)the governor's headquarters.[z] It was early morning. They themselves did not enter the governor's headquarters, (NM)so that they would not be defiled, (NN)but could eat the Passover. 29 (NO)So Pilate went outside to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this man?” 30 They answered him, “If this man were not doing evil, we would not have delivered him over to you.” 31 Pilate said to them, (NP)“Take him yourselves and judge him by your own law.” The Jews said to him, “It is not lawful for us to put anyone to death.” 32 (NQ)This was to fulfill the word that Jesus had spoken (NR)to show by what kind of death he was going to die.
My Kingdom Is Not of This World
33 (NS)So Pilate entered his headquarters again and called Jesus and said to him, (NT)“Are you the King of the Jews?” 34 Jesus answered, “Do you say this of your own accord, or did others say it to you about me?” 35 Pilate answered, “Am I a Jew? Your own nation and the chief priests have delivered you over to me. What have you done?” 36 Jesus answered, (NU)“My kingdom (NV)is not of this world. If my kingdom were of this world, (NW)my servants would have been fighting, that (NX)I might not be delivered over to the Jews. But my kingdom is not from the world.” 37 Then Pilate said to him, “So you are a king?” Jesus answered, (NY)“You say that I am a king. (NZ)For this purpose I was born and for this purpose (OA)I have come into the world—(OB)to bear witness to the truth. (OC)Everyone who is (OD)of the truth (OE)listens to my voice.” 38 Pilate said to him, “What is truth?”
After he had said this, (OF)he went back outside to the Jews and told them, (OG)“I find no guilt in him. 39 (OH)But you have a custom that I should release one man for you at the Passover. So do you want me to release to you the King of the Jews?” 40 They cried out again, (OI)“Not this man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber.[aa]
Jesus Delivered to Be Crucified
19 Then Pilate took Jesus and (OJ)flogged him. 2 (OK)And the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns and put it on his head and arrayed him in a purple robe. 3 They came up to him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” and struck him with their hands. 4 Pilate went out again and said to them, “See, I am bringing him out to you that you may know that (OL)I find no guilt in him.” 5 So Jesus came out, wearing (OM)the crown of thorns and the purple robe. Pilate said to them, (ON)“Behold the man!” 6 When the chief priests and the officers saw him, they cried out, “Crucify him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, (OO)“Take him yourselves and crucify him, for (OP)I find no guilt in him.” 7 The Jews[ab] answered him, “We have a law, and (OQ)according to that law he ought to die because (OR)he has made himself the Son of God.” 8 When Pilate heard this statement, (OS)he was even more afraid. 9 (OT)He entered his headquarters again and said to Jesus, (OU)“Where are you from?” But (OV)Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate said to him, “You will not speak to me? Do you not know that I have authority to release you and authority to crucify you?” 11 Jesus answered him, (OW)“You would have no authority over me at all unless it had been given you from above. Therefore (OX)he who delivered me over to you (OY)has the greater sin.”
12 From then on (OZ)Pilate sought to release him, but the Jews cried out, “If you release this man, you are not Caesar's friend. (PA)Everyone who makes himself a king opposes Caesar.” 13 So when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on (PB)the judgment seat at a place called The Stone Pavement, and in Aramaic[ac] Gabbatha. 14 Now it was (PC)the day of Preparation of the Passover. It was about the sixth hour.[ad] He said to the Jews, (PD)“Behold your King!” 15 They cried out, (PE)“Away with him, away with him, crucify him!” Pilate said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.” 16 (PF)So he (PG)delivered him over to them to be crucified.
So they took Jesus, 17 and (PH)he went out, (PI)bearing his own cross, to the place called The Place of a Skull, which in Aramaic is called Golgotha. 18 (PJ)There they crucified him, and with him two others, one on either side, and Jesus between them. 19 Pilate (PK)also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It read, “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” 20 Many of the Jews read this inscription, for (PL)the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Aramaic, in Latin, and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but rather, ‘This man said, I am King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, (PM)“What I have written I have written.”
23 (PN)When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his garments and divided them into four parts, one part for each soldier; also his tunic.[ae] But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, 24 so they said to one another, “Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it to see whose it shall be.” (PO)This was to fulfill the Scripture which says,
(PP)“They divided my garments among them,
and for my clothing they cast lots.”
So the soldiers did these things, 25 (PQ)but standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus saw his mother and (PR)the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, (PS)“Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then he said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” And from that hour the disciple took her to (PT)his own home.
The Death of Jesus
28 After this, Jesus, knowing that all was now (PU)finished, said ((PV)to fulfill the Scripture), (PW)“I thirst.” 29 A jar full of sour wine stood there, (PX)so they put a sponge full of the sour wine on a hyssop branch and held it to his mouth. 30 When Jesus had received the sour wine, he said, (PY)“It is finished,” and he bowed his head and (PZ)gave up his spirit.
Jesus' Side Is Pierced
31 Since it was (QA)the day of Preparation, and (QB)so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was (QC)a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first, and of the other (QD)who had been crucified with him. 33 But when they came to Jesus and saw that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out (QE)blood and water. 35 (QF)He who saw it has borne witness—(QG)his testimony is true, and he knows that he is telling the truth—(QH)that you also may believe. 36 (QI)For these things took place that the Scripture might be fulfilled: (QJ)“Not one of his bones (QK)will be broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, (QL)“They will look on him whom they have pierced.”
Jesus Is Buried
38 (QM)After these things Joseph of Arimathea, who was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly (QN)for fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus, and Pilate gave him permission. So he came and took away his body. 39 (QO)Nicodemus also, who earlier had come to Jesus[af] by night, came (QP)bringing a mixture of (QQ)myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds[ag] in weight. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and (QR)bound it in (QS)linen cloths with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a (QT)garden, and (QU)in the garden a new tomb (QV)in which no one had yet been laid. 42 So because of the Jewish (QW)day of Preparation, (QX)since the tomb was close at hand, they laid Jesus there.
- John 13:10 Some manuscripts omit except for his feet
- John 13:10 The Greek words for you in this verse are plural
- John 13:16 Or bondservant, or slave (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface)
- John 13:18 Greek But in order that the Scripture may be fulfilled
- John 13:23 Greek in the bosom of Jesus
- John 13:24 Greek lacks Jesus
- John 14:1 Or You believe in God
- John 14:2 Or In my Father's house are many rooms; if it were not so, I would have told you; for I go to prepare a place for you
- John 14:4 Some manuscripts Where I am going you know, and the way you know
- John 14:7 Or If you know me, you will know my Father also, or If you have known me, you will know my Father also
- John 14:14 Some manuscripts omit me
- John 14:16 Or Advocate, or Counselor; also 14:26; 15:26; 16:7
- John 14:17 Some manuscripts and is
- John 15:15 Or bondservants, or slaves (for the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface); likewise for servant later in this verse and in verse 20
- John 15:22 Greek they would not have sin; also verse 24
- John 16:27 Some manuscripts from the Father
- John 17:15 Or from evil
- John 17:17 Greek Set them apart (for holy service to God)
- John 17:19 Or I sanctify myself; or I set myself apart (for holy service to God)
- John 17:19 Greek may be set apart (for holy service to God)
- John 18:5 Greek I am; also verses 6, 8
- John 18:6 Greek he
- John 18:10 Or bondservant; twice in this verse
- John 18:12 Greek Ioudaioi probably refers here to Jewish religious leaders, and others under their influence, in that time; also verses 14, 31, 36, 38
- John 18:18 Or bondservants; also verse 26
- John 18:28 Greek the praetorium
- John 18:40 Or an insurrectionist
- John 19:7 Greek Ioudaioi probably refers here to Jewish religious leaders, and others under their influence, in that time; also verses 12, 14, 31, 38
- John 19:13 Or Hebrew; also verses 17, 20
- John 19:14 That is, about noon
- John 19:23 Greek chiton, a long garment worn under the cloak next to the skin
- John 19:39 Greek him
- John 19:39 Greek one hundred litras; a litra (or Roman pound) was equal to about 11 1/2 ounces or 327 grams