22 And God placed all things under his feet(A) and appointed him to be head(B) over everything for the church, 23 which is his body,(C) the fullness of him(D) who fills everything in every way.(E)

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19 Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers,(A) but fellow citizens(B) with God’s people and also members of his household,(C) 20 built(D) on the foundation(E) of the apostles and prophets,(F) with Christ Jesus himself(G) as the chief cornerstone.(H) 21 In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple(I) in the Lord. 22 And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.(J)

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Although I am less than the least of all the Lord’s people,(A) this grace was given me: to preach to the Gentiles(B) the boundless riches of Christ,(C) and to make plain to everyone the administration of this mystery,(D) which for ages past was kept hidden in God, who created all things. 10 His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God(E) should be made known(F) to the rulers and authorities(G) in the heavenly realms,(H) 11 according to his eternal purpose(I) that he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord.

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21 to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen.(A)

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22 Wives, submit yourselves to your own husbands(A) as you do to the Lord.(B) 23 For the husband is the head of the wife as Christ is the head of the church,(C) his body, of which he is the Savior. 24 Now as the church submits to Christ, so also wives should submit to their husbands(D) in everything.

25 Husbands, love your wives,(E) just as Christ loved the church and gave himself up for her(F) 26 to make her holy,(G) cleansing[a] her by the washing(H) with water through the word, 27 and to present her to himself(I) as a radiant church, without stain or wrinkle or any other blemish, but holy and blameless.(J) 28 In this same way, husbands ought to love their wives(K) as their own bodies. He who loves his wife loves himself. 29 After all, no one ever hated their own body, but they feed and care for their body, just as Christ does the church— 30 for we are members of his body.(L) 31 “For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.”[b](M) 32 This is a profound mystery—but I am talking about Christ and the church.

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  1. Ephesians 5:26 Or having cleansed
  2. Ephesians 5:31 Gen. 2:24

Paul and Timothy,(A) servants of Christ Jesus,

To all God’s holy people(B) in Christ Jesus at Philippi,(C) together with the overseers(D) and deacons[a]:(E)

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  1. Philippians 1:1 The word deacons refers here to Christians designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in Romans 16:1 and 1 Tim. 3:8,12.

18 And he is the head(A) of the body, the church;(B) he is the beginning and the firstborn(C) from among the dead,(D) so that in everything he might have the supremacy.

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I also want the women to dress modestly, with decency and propriety, adorning themselves, not with elaborate hairstyles or gold or pearls or expensive clothes,(A) 10 but with good deeds,(B) appropriate for women who profess to worship God.

11 A woman[a] should learn in quietness and full submission.(C) 12 I do not permit a woman to teach or to assume authority over a man;[b] she must be quiet.(D) 13 For Adam was formed first, then Eve.(E) 14 And Adam was not the one deceived; it was the woman who was deceived and became a sinner.(F)

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  1. 1 Timothy 2:11 Or wife; also in verse 12
  2. 1 Timothy 2:12 Or over her husband

Qualifications for Overseers and Deacons

Here is a trustworthy saying:(A) Whoever aspires to be an overseer(B) desires a noble task. Now the overseer is to be above reproach,(C) faithful to his wife,(D) temperate,(E) self-controlled, respectable, hospitable,(F) able to teach,(G) not given to drunkenness,(H) not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome,(I) not a lover of money.(J) He must manage his own family well and see that his children obey him, and he must do so in a manner worthy of full[a] respect.(K) (If anyone does not know how to manage his own family, how can he take care of God’s church?)(L) He must not be a recent convert, or he may become conceited(M) and fall under the same judgment(N) as the devil. He must also have a good reputation with outsiders,(O) so that he will not fall into disgrace and into the devil’s trap.(P)

In the same way, deacons[b](Q) are to be worthy of respect, sincere, not indulging in much wine,(R) and not pursuing dishonest gain. They must keep hold of the deep truths of the faith with a clear conscience.(S) 10 They must first be tested;(T) and then if there is nothing against them, let them serve as deacons.

11 In the same way, the women[c] are to be worthy of respect, not malicious talkers(U) but temperate(V) and trustworthy in everything.

12 A deacon must be faithful to his wife(W) and must manage his children and his household well.(X) 13 Those who have served well gain an excellent standing and great assurance in their faith in Christ Jesus.

Reasons for Paul’s Instructions

14 Although I hope to come to you soon, I am writing you these instructions so that, 15 if I am delayed, you will know how people ought to conduct themselves in God’s household, which is the church(Y) of the living God,(Z) the pillar and foundation of the truth.

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  1. 1 Timothy 3:4 Or him with proper
  2. 1 Timothy 3:8 The word deacons refers here to Christians designated to serve with the overseers/elders of the church in a variety of ways; similarly in verse 12; and in Romans 16:1 and Phil. 1:1.
  3. 1 Timothy 3:11 Possibly deacons’ wives or women who are deacons

14 Do not neglect your gift, which was given you through prophecy(A) when the body of elders(B) laid their hands on you.(C)

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39 These were all commended(A) for their faith, yet none of them received what had been promised,(B) 40 since God had planned something better for us so that only together with us(C) would they be made perfect.(D)

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To the Elders and the Flock

To the elders among you, I appeal as a fellow elder(A) and a witness(B) of Christ’s sufferings who also will share in the glory to be revealed:(C) Be shepherds of God’s flock(D) that is under your care, watching over them—not because you must, but because you are willing, as God wants you to be;(E) not pursuing dishonest gain,(F) but eager to serve; not lording it over(G) those entrusted to you, but being examples(H) to the flock. And when the Chief Shepherd(I) appears, you will receive the crown of glory(J) that will never fade away.(K)

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To the Church in Ephesus

“To the angel[a] of the church in Ephesus(A) write:

These are the words of him who holds the seven stars in his right hand(B) and walks among the seven golden lampstands.(C) I know your deeds,(D) your hard work and your perseverance. I know that you cannot tolerate wicked people, that you have tested(E) those who claim to be apostles but are not, and have found them false.(F) You have persevered and have endured hardships for my name,(G) and have not grown weary.

Yet I hold this against you: You have forsaken the love you had at first.(H) Consider how far you have fallen! Repent(I) and do the things you did at first. If you do not repent, I will come to you and remove your lampstand(J) from its place. But you have this in your favor: You hate the practices of the Nicolaitans,(K) which I also hate.

Whoever has ears, let them hear(L) what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious,(M) I will give the right to eat from the tree of life,(N) which is in the paradise(O) of God.

To the Church in Smyrna

“To the angel of the church in Smyrna(P) write:

These are the words of him who is the First and the Last,(Q) who died and came to life again.(R) I know your afflictions and your poverty—yet you are rich!(S) I know about the slander of those who say they are Jews and are not,(T) but are a synagogue of Satan.(U) 10 Do not be afraid of what you are about to suffer. I tell you, the devil will put some of you in prison to test you,(V) and you will suffer persecution for ten days.(W) Be faithful,(X) even to the point of death, and I will give you life as your victor’s crown.(Y)

11 Whoever has ears, let them hear(Z) what the Spirit says to the churches. The one who is victorious will not be hurt at all by the second death.(AA)

To the Church in Pergamum

12 “To the angel of the church in Pergamum(AB) write:

These are the words of him who has the sharp, double-edged sword.(AC) 13 I know where you live—where Satan has his throne. Yet you remain true to my name. You did not renounce your faith in me,(AD) not even in the days of Antipas, my faithful witness,(AE) who was put to death in your city—where Satan lives.(AF)

14 Nevertheless, I have a few things against you:(AG) There are some among you who hold to the teaching of Balaam,(AH) who taught Balak to entice the Israelites to sin so that they ate food sacrificed to idols(AI) and committed sexual immorality.(AJ) 15 Likewise, you also have those who hold to the teaching of the Nicolaitans.(AK) 16 Repent(AL) therefore! Otherwise, I will soon come to you and will fight against them with the sword of my mouth.(AM)

17 Whoever has ears, let them hear(AN) what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious,(AO) I will give some of the hidden manna.(AP) I will also give that person a white stone with a new name(AQ) written on it, known only to the one who receives it.(AR)

To the Church in Thyatira

18 “To the angel of the church in Thyatira(AS) write:

These are the words of the Son of God,(AT) whose eyes are like blazing fire and whose feet are like burnished bronze.(AU) 19 I know your deeds,(AV) your love and faith, your service and perseverance, and that you are now doing more than you did at first.

20 Nevertheless, I have this against you: You tolerate that woman Jezebel,(AW) who calls herself a prophet. By her teaching she misleads my servants into sexual immorality and the eating of food sacrificed to idols.(AX) 21 I have given her time(AY) to repent of her immorality, but she is unwilling.(AZ) 22 So I will cast her on a bed of suffering, and I will make those who commit adultery(BA) with her suffer intensely, unless they repent of her ways. 23 I will strike her children dead. Then all the churches will know that I am he who searches hearts and minds,(BB) and I will repay each of you according to your deeds.(BC)

24 Now I say to the rest of you in Thyatira, to you who do not hold to her teaching and have not learned Satan’s so-called deep secrets, ‘I will not impose any other burden on you,(BD) 25 except to hold on to what you have(BE) until I come.’(BF)

26 To the one who is victorious(BG) and does my will to the end,(BH) I will give authority over the nations(BI) 27 that one ‘will rule them with an iron scepter(BJ) and will dash them to pieces like pottery’[b](BK)—just as I have received authority from my Father. 28 I will also give that one the morning star.(BL) 29 Whoever has ears, let them hear(BM) what the Spirit says to the churches.

To the Church in Sardis

“To the angel[c] of the church in Sardis(BN) write:

These are the words of him who holds the seven spirits[d](BO) of God and the seven stars.(BP) I know your deeds;(BQ) you have a reputation of being alive, but you are dead.(BR) Wake up! Strengthen what remains and is about to die, for I have found your deeds unfinished in the sight of my God. Remember, therefore, what you have received and heard; hold it fast, and repent.(BS) But if you do not wake up, I will come like a thief,(BT) and you will not know at what time(BU) I will come to you.

Yet you have a few people in Sardis who have not soiled their clothes.(BV) They will walk with me, dressed in white,(BW) for they are worthy. The one who is victorious(BX) will, like them, be dressed in white.(BY) I will never blot out the name of that person from the book of life,(BZ) but will acknowledge that name before my Father(CA) and his angels. Whoever has ears, let them hear(CB) what the Spirit says to the churches.

To the Church in Philadelphia

“To the angel of the church in Philadelphia(CC) write:

These are the words of him who is holy(CD) and true,(CE) who holds the key of David.(CF) What he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open. I know your deeds.(CG) See, I have placed before you an open door(CH) that no one can shut. I know that you have little strength, yet you have kept my word and have not denied my name.(CI) I will make those who are of the synagogue of Satan,(CJ) who claim to be Jews though they are not,(CK) but are liars—I will make them come and fall down at your feet(CL) and acknowledge that I have loved you.(CM) 10 Since you have kept my command to endure patiently, I will also keep you(CN) from the hour of trial that is going to come on the whole world(CO) to test(CP) the inhabitants of the earth.(CQ)

11 I am coming soon.(CR) Hold on to what you have,(CS) so that no one will take your crown.(CT) 12 The one who is victorious(CU) I will make a pillar(CV) in the temple of my God. Never again will they leave it. I will write on them the name of my God(CW) and the name of the city of my God,(CX) the new Jerusalem,(CY) which is coming down out of heaven from my God; and I will also write on them my new name. 13 Whoever has ears, let them hear(CZ) what the Spirit says to the churches.

To the Church in Laodicea

14 “To the angel of the church in Laodicea(DA) write:

These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness,(DB) the ruler of God’s creation.(DC) 15 I know your deeds,(DD) that you are neither cold nor hot.(DE) I wish you were either one or the other! 16 So, because you are lukewarm—neither hot nor cold—I am about to spit you out of my mouth. 17 You say, ‘I am rich; I have acquired wealth and do not need a thing.’(DF) But you do not realize that you are wretched, pitiful, poor, blind and naked.(DG) 18 I counsel you to buy from me gold refined in the fire,(DH) so you can become rich; and white clothes(DI) to wear, so you can cover your shameful nakedness;(DJ) and salve to put on your eyes, so you can see.

19 Those whom I love I rebuke and discipline.(DK) So be earnest and repent.(DL) 20 Here I am! I stand at the door(DM) and knock. If anyone hears my voice and opens the door,(DN) I will come in(DO) and eat with that person, and they with me.

21 To the one who is victorious,(DP) I will give the right to sit with me on my throne,(DQ) just as I was victorious(DR) and sat down with my Father on his throne. 22 Whoever has ears, let them hear(DS) what the Spirit says to the churches.”


  1. Revelation 2:1 Or messenger; also in verses 8, 12 and 18
  2. Revelation 2:27 Psalm 2:9
  3. Revelation 3:1 Or messenger; also in verses 7 and 14
  4. Revelation 3:1 That is, the sevenfold Spirit

I saw the Holy City,(A) the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God,(B) prepared as a bride(C) beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Look! God’s dwelling place is now among the people, and he will dwell with them.(D) They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God.(E)

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