Rechab [Rē'chăb]—companionship, a horseman or square.
This particular order had its rise in the religious revival that took place under Elijah and Elisha. The tenets of the followers of Rechab were a reaction and a protest against the luxury and license which under Jezebel and Ahab threatened to destroy the simplicity of the ancient nomadic life of Israel. Accordingly, the Rechabites vowed to drink no wine, nor build houses, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyards, but dwell in tents all their days. They were to remember they were strangers in the land. For 250 years they adhered faithfully to their rules but were driven from their tents when in 607 b.c. Nebuchadnezzar invaded Judah.
Of these noteworthy people, whose high moral example was specially commended by God, Dr. Dinsdale Young elaborates on these points:
I. They honored the memory of the good.
II. They were marked by great simplicity of life.
III. They were worshipers of Jehovah.
IV. They maintained their integrity amid surrounding degeneracy.
V. They had their principles severely tested.
VI. They received special blessing.
May all of us be found among God’s true Rechabites!
3. A descendant of Hemath a Kenite (1 Chron. 2:55).
4. The father of Malchiah, a chief man who, after his return from exile, helped to repair the wall of Jerusalem (Neh. 3:14).