Jesus accepts the title “Christ” (Messiah), God’s anointed deliverer for IsraelMt 16:16-17 pp Mk 8:29 pp Lk 9:20Although Jesus accepted the title “Messiah” (Christ), he did not fulfil contemporary Israelite hopes of a political deliverer.
Jesus Christ declares to Israel the good news of God’s reignMk 1:14-15Jesus Christ takes up Isaiah’s message of good news, that God is coming in sovereign power to restore Israel (see Isa 40:9-10, 52:7). See alsoMt 4:23; Mt 9:35; Lk 8:1
Membership of the true Israel is based on God’s election, not merely on physical descent from AbrahamRo 9:6-18
A remnant of Israel has been elected by graceRo 11:1-12
Paul declares that “all Israel” will be savedIsa 59:20-21; Ro 11:25-32 The phrase “all Israel” is interpreted as either: (1) the total number of the elect (either Jews, or Jews and Gentiles) of every generation, or (2) the great majority of Jews of the final generation who will be saved when Christ returns.
The church described as the 12 tribes of IsraelJas 1:1See alsoRev 7:4-8 Some see this as a reference to members of actual Jewish tribes, but others see it as symbolic of all the faithful believers who live through the time of tribulation; Rev 21:12 The number 12 emphasises the continuity of the NT church and the OT people of God.
Dictionary of Bible Themes Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible, on which this work is based.
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