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Ezekiel 28-31 (New American Standard Bible)

Ezekiel 28-31

Tyre’s King Overthrown

28 The word of the Lord came again to me, saying, “Son of man, say to the [a]leader of Tyre, ‘Thus says the Lord [b]God,

“Because your heart is lifted up
And you have said, ‘I am a god,
I sit in the seat of [c]gods
In the heart of the seas’;
Yet you are a man and not God,
Although you make your heart like the heart of God—
Behold, you are wiser than Daniel;
There is no secret that is a match for you.
“By your wisdom and understanding
You have acquired riches for yourself
And have acquired gold and silver for your treasuries.
“By your great wisdom, by your trade
You have increased your riches
And your heart is lifted up because of your riches—

Therefore thus says the Lord God,

‘Because you have made your heart
Like the heart of God,
Therefore, behold, I will bring strangers upon you,
The most ruthless of the nations.
And they will draw their swords
Against the beauty of your wisdom
And defile your splendor.
‘They will bring you down to the pit,
And you will die the death of those who are slain
In the heart of the seas.
‘Will you still say, “I am a god,”
In the presence of your slayer,
Though you are a man and not God,
In the hands of those who wound you?
10 ‘You will die the death of the uncircumcised
By the hand of strangers,
For I have spoken!’ declares the Lord God!”’”

11 Again the word of the Lord came to me saying, 12 “Son of man, take up a lamentation over the king of Tyre and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord God,

“You [d]had the seal of perfection,
Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
13 “You were in Eden, the garden of God;
Every precious stone was your covering:
The ruby, the topaz and the diamond;
The beryl, the onyx and the jasper;
The lapis lazuli, the turquoise and the emerald;
And the gold, the workmanship of your [e]settings and [f]sockets,
Was in you.
On the day that you were created
They were prepared.
14 “You were the anointed cherub who [g]covers,
And I placed you there.
You were on the holy mountain of God;
You walked in the midst of the stones of fire.
15 “You were blameless in your ways
From the day you were created
Until unrighteousness was found in you.
16 “By the abundance of your trade
[h]You were internally filled with violence,
And you sinned;
Therefore I have cast you as profane
From the mountain of God.
And I have destroyed you, O [i]covering cherub,
From the midst of the stones of fire.
17 “Your heart was lifted up because of your beauty;
You corrupted your wisdom by reason of your splendor.
I cast you to the ground;
I put you before kings,
That they may see you.
18 “By the multitude of your iniquities,
In the unrighteousness of your trade
You profaned your sanctuaries.
Therefore I have brought fire from the midst of you;
It has consumed you,
And I have turned you to ashes on the earth
In the eyes of all who see you.
19 “All who know you among the peoples
Are appalled at you;
You have become [j]terrified
And you will cease to be forever.”’”

Judgment of Sidon

20 And the word of the Lord came to me saying, 21 “Son of man, set your face toward Sidon, prophesy against her 22 and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God,

“Behold, I am against you, O Sidon,
And I will [k]be glorified in your midst.
Then they will know that I am the Lord when I execute judgments in her,
And I will manifest My holiness in her.
23 “For I will send pestilence to her
And blood to her streets,
And the wounded will [l]fall in her midst
By the sword upon her on every side;
Then they will know that I am the Lord.

24 And there will be no more for the house of Israel a prickling brier or a painful thorn from any round about them who scorned them; then they will know that I am the Lord God.”

Israel Regathered

25 ‘Thus says the Lord God, “When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and will manifest My holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they will live in their [m]land which I gave to My servant Jacob. 26 They will live in it securely; and they will build houses, plant vineyards and live securely when I execute judgments upon all who scorn them round about them. Then they will know that I am the Lord their God.”’”

Judgment of Egypt

29 In the tenth year, in the tenth month, on the twelfth of the month, the word of the Lord came to me saying, “Son of man, set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt and prophesy against him and against all Egypt. Speak and say, ‘Thus says the Lord [n]God,

“Behold, I am against you, Pharaoh king of Egypt,
The great [o]monster that lies in the midst of his [p]rivers,
That has said, ‘My Nile is mine, and I myself have made it.’
“I will put hooks in your jaws
And make the fish of your [q]rivers cling to your scales.
And I will bring you up out of the midst of your [r]rivers,
And all the fish of your [s]rivers will cling to your scales.
“I will abandon you to the wilderness, you and all the fish of your [t]rivers;
You will fall on the [u]open field; you will not be brought together or [v]gathered.
I have given you for food to the beasts of the earth and to the birds of the sky.
“Then all the inhabitants of Egypt will know that I am the Lord,
Because they have been only a staff made of reed to the house of Israel.
“When they took hold of you with the hand,
You broke and tore all their [w]hands;
And when they leaned on you,
You broke and made all their loins [x]quake.”

‘Therefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I will bring upon you a sword and I will cut off from you man and beast. The land of Egypt will become a desolation and waste. Then they will know that I am the Lord.

Because [y]you said, ‘The Nile is mine, and I have made it,’ 10 therefore, behold, I am against you and against your [z]rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt an utter waste and desolation, from Migdol to Syene and even to the border of [aa]Ethiopia. 11 A man’s foot will not pass through it, and the foot of a beast will not pass through it, and it will not be inhabited for forty years. 12 So I will make the land of Egypt a desolation in the midst of desolated lands. And her cities, in the midst of cities that are laid waste, will be desolate forty years; and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them among the lands.”

13 ‘For thus says the Lord God, “At the end of forty years I will gather the Egyptians from the peoples [ab]among whom they were scattered. 14 I will turn the fortunes of Egypt and make them return to the land of Pathros, to the land of their origin, and there they will be a lowly kingdom. 15 It will be the lowest of the kingdoms, and it will never again lift itself up above the nations. And I will make them so small that they will not rule over the nations. 16 And it will never again be the confidence of the house of Israel, [ac]bringing to mind the iniquity of their having turned [ad]to Egypt. Then they will know that I am the Lord God.”’”

17 Now in the twenty-seventh year, in the first month, on the first of the month, the word of the Lord came to me saying, 18 “Son of man, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon made his army labor [ae]hard against Tyre; every head was made bald and every shoulder was rubbed bare. But he and his army had no wages from Tyre for the labor that he had [af]performed against it.” 19 Therefore thus says the Lord God, “Behold, I will give the land of Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon. And he will carry off her [ag]wealth and capture her spoil and seize her plunder; and it will be wages for his army. 20 I have given him the land of Egypt for his labor which he [ah]performed, because they acted for Me,” declares the Lord God.

21 “On that day I will make a horn sprout for the house of Israel, and I will [ai]open your mouth in their midst. Then they will know that I am the Lord.”

Lament over Egypt

30 The word of the Lord came again to me saying, “Son of man, prophesy and say, ‘Thus says the Lord [aj]God,

Wail, ‘Alas for the day!’
“For the day is near,
Even the day of the Lord is near;
It will be a day of clouds,
A time of doom for the nations.
“A sword will come upon Egypt,
And anguish will be in [ak]Ethiopia;
When the slain fall in Egypt,
They take away her [al]wealth,
And her foundations are torn down.

[am]Ethiopia, Put, Lud, all [an]Arabia, [ao]Libya and the [ap]people of the land [aq]that is in league will fall with them by the sword.”

‘Thus says the Lord,
“Indeed, those who support Egypt will fall
And the pride of her power will come down;
From Migdol to Syene
They will fall within her by the sword,”
Declares the Lord God.
“They will be desolate
In the midst of the desolated lands;
And her cities will be
In the midst of the devastated cities.
“And they will know that I am the Lord,
When I set a fire in Egypt
And all her helpers are broken.

On that day messengers will go forth from Me in ships to frighten secure [ar]Ethiopia; and anguish will be on them as on the day of Egypt; for behold, it comes!”

10 ‘Thus says the Lord God,

I will also make the [as]hordes of Egypt cease
By the hand of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon.
11 “He and his people with him,
The most ruthless of the nations,
Will be brought in to destroy the land;
And they will draw their swords against Egypt
And fill the land with the slain.
12 “Moreover, I will make the Nile canals dry
And sell the land into the hands of evil men.
And I will make the land desolate
And [at]all that is in it,
By the hand of strangers; I the Lord have spoken.”

13 ‘Thus says the Lord God,

“I will also destroy the idols
And make the [au]images cease from [av]Memphis.
And there will no longer be a prince in the land of Egypt;
And I will put fear in the land of Egypt.
14 “I will make Pathros desolate,
Set a fire in Zoan
And execute judgments on [aw]Thebes.
15 “I will pour out My wrath on [ax]Sin,
The stronghold of Egypt;
I will also cut off the hordes of [ay]Thebes.
16 “I will set a fire in Egypt;
[az]Sin will writhe in anguish,
[ba]Thebes will be breached
And [bb]Memphis will have [bc]distresses daily.
17 “The young men of [bd]On and of Pi-beseth
Will fall by the sword,
And [be]the women will go into captivity.
18 “In Tehaphnehes the day will [bf]be dark
When I break there the yoke bars of Egypt.
Then the pride of her power will cease in her;
A cloud will cover her,
And her daughters will go into captivity.
19 “Thus I will execute judgments on Egypt,
And they will know that I am the Lord.”’”

Victory for Babylon

20 In the eleventh year, in the first month, on the seventh of the month, the word of the Lord came to me saying, 21 “Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, behold, it has not been bound up [bg]for healing [bh]or wrapped with a bandage, that it may be strong to hold the sword. 22 Therefore thus says the Lord God, ‘Behold, I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt and will break his arms, both the strong and the broken; and I will make the sword fall from his hand. 23 I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them among the lands. 24 For I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon and put My sword in his hand; and I will break the arms of Pharaoh, so that he will groan before him with the groanings of a wounded man. 25 Thus I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, but the arms of Pharaoh will fall. Then they will know that I am the Lord, when I put My sword into the hand of the king of Babylon and he stretches it out against the land of Egypt. 26 When I scatter the Egyptians among the nations and disperse them among the lands, then they will know that I am the Lord.’”

Pharaoh Warned of Assyria’s Fate

31 In the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first of the month, the word of the Lord came to me saying, “Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes,

‘Whom are you like in your greatness?
‘Behold, Assyria was a cedar in Lebanon
With beautiful branches and forest shade,
And [bi]very high,
And its top was among the [bj]clouds.
‘The waters made it grow, the [bk]deep made it high.
With its rivers it continually [bl]extended all around its planting place,
And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.
‘Therefore its height was loftier than all the trees of the field
And its boughs became many and its branches long
Because of many waters [bm]as it spread them out.
‘All the birds of the heavens nested in its boughs,
And under its branches all the beasts of the field gave birth,
And all great nations lived under its shade.
‘So it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches;
For its [bn]roots extended to many waters.
‘The cedars in God’s garden [bo]could not match it;
The [bp]cypresses [bq]could not compare with its boughs,
And the plane trees [br]could not match its branches.
No tree in God’s garden [bs]could compare with it in its beauty.
‘I made it beautiful with the multitude of its branches,
And all the trees of Eden, which were in the garden of God, were jealous of it.

10 ‘Therefore thus says the Lord [bt]God, “Because [bu]it is high in stature and has set its top among the [bv]clouds, and its heart is haughty in its loftiness, 11 therefore I will give it into the hand of a [bw]despot of the nations; he will thoroughly deal with it. According to its wickedness I have driven it away. 12 Alien tyrants of the nations have cut it down and left it; on the mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen and its boughs have been broken in all the ravines of the land. And all the peoples of the earth have gone down from its shade and left it. 13 On its ruin all the birds of the heavens will dwell, and all the beasts of the field will be on its fallen branches 14 so that all the trees by the waters may not be exalted in their stature, nor set their top among the [bx]clouds, nor their [by]well-watered mighty ones stand erect in their height. For they have all been given over to death, to the earth beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit.”

15 ‘Thus says the Lord God, “On the day when it went down to Sheol I caused lamentations; I closed the [bz]deep over it and held back its rivers. And its many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon [ca]mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it. 16 I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall when I made it go down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit; and all the [cb]well-watered trees of Eden, the choicest and best of Lebanon, were comforted in the earth beneath. 17 They also went down with it to Sheol to those who were slain by the sword; and those who were its [cc]strength lived under its shade among the nations.

18 “To which among the trees of Eden are you thus [cd]equal in glory and greatness? Yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth beneath; you will lie in the midst of the uncircumcised, with those who were slain by the sword. So is Pharaoh and all his hordes!”’ declares the Lord God.”

Footnotes:

  1. Ezekiel 28:2 Or ruler, prince
  2. Ezekiel 28:2 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
  3. Ezekiel 28:2 Or God
  4. Ezekiel 28:12 Lit were the one sealing a pattern
  5. Ezekiel 28:13 Or tambourines
  6. Ezekiel 28:13 Or flutes
  7. Ezekiel 28:14 Or guards
  8. Ezekiel 28:16 Lit They filled your midst
  9. Ezekiel 28:16 Or guardian
  10. Ezekiel 28:19 Lit terrors
  11. Ezekiel 28:22 Or glorify Myself
  12. Ezekiel 28:23 Or be judged
  13. Ezekiel 28:25 Lit ground
  14. Ezekiel 29:3 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
  15. Ezekiel 29:3 Lit tannim
  16. Ezekiel 29:3 Or Nile
  17. Ezekiel 29:4 Or Nile
  18. Ezekiel 29:4 Or Nile
  19. Ezekiel 29:4 Or Nile
  20. Ezekiel 29:5 Or Nile
  21. Ezekiel 29:5 Lit faces of the field
  22. Ezekiel 29:5 Or with several mss and Targum, buried
  23. Ezekiel 29:7 So with some ancient versions; M.T. shoulders
  24. Ezekiel 29:7 Lit stand
  25. Ezekiel 29:9 Lit he
  26. Ezekiel 29:10 Or Nile
  27. Ezekiel 29:10 Lit Cush
  28. Ezekiel 29:13 Lit where
  29. Ezekiel 29:16 Lit causing to remember
  30. Ezekiel 29:16 Lit after them
  31. Ezekiel 29:18 Lit a great labor
  32. Ezekiel 29:18 Lit labored
  33. Ezekiel 29:19 Or multitude
  34. Ezekiel 29:20 Lit labored
  35. Ezekiel 29:21 Lit give you an opening of the mouth
  36. Ezekiel 30:2 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
  37. Ezekiel 30:4 Lit Cush
  38. Ezekiel 30:4 Or multitude
  39. Ezekiel 30:5 Lit Cush
  40. Ezekiel 30:5 Or the mixed people
  41. Ezekiel 30:5 Or Cub
  42. Ezekiel 30:5 Lit sons
  43. Ezekiel 30:5 Lit of the covenant
  44. Ezekiel 30:9 Lit Cush
  45. Ezekiel 30:10 Or people; lit crowd, and so throughout the ch
  46. Ezekiel 30:12 Lit her fullness
  47. Ezekiel 30:13 Or futile ones
  48. Ezekiel 30:13 Or Noph
  49. Ezekiel 30:14 Or No
  50. Ezekiel 30:15 Or Pelusium
  51. Ezekiel 30:15 Or No
  52. Ezekiel 30:16 Or Pelusium
  53. Ezekiel 30:16 Or No
  54. Ezekiel 30:16 Or Noph
  55. Ezekiel 30:16 Or adversaries
  56. Ezekiel 30:17 Or Aven
  57. Ezekiel 30:17 Lit they
  58. Ezekiel 30:18 So with many mss and ancient versions; M.T. restrain
  59. Ezekiel 30:21 Lit to give healing
  60. Ezekiel 30:21 Lit to put a bandage, to wrap it
  61. Ezekiel 31:3 Lit high of stature
  62. Ezekiel 31:3 So Gr; M.T. thick boughs
  63. Ezekiel 31:4 I.e. subterranean waters
  64. Ezekiel 31:4 Lit was going
  65. Ezekiel 31:5 Lit in its sending forth
  66. Ezekiel 31:7 Lit root was
  67. Ezekiel 31:8 Lit did
  68. Ezekiel 31:8 Or Phoenician junipers
  69. Ezekiel 31:8 Lit did
  70. Ezekiel 31:8 Lit were not like
  71. Ezekiel 31:8 Lit did
  72. Ezekiel 31:10 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord, and so throughout the ch
  73. Ezekiel 31:10 Lit you are
  74. Ezekiel 31:10 Or thick boughs
  75. Ezekiel 31:11 Or mighty one
  76. Ezekiel 31:14 Or thick boughs
  77. Ezekiel 31:14 Lit drinkers of water
  78. Ezekiel 31:15 I.e. subterranean waters
  79. Ezekiel 31:15 Lit be darkened
  80. Ezekiel 31:16 Lit drinkers of water
  81. Ezekiel 31:17 Lit arm
  82. Ezekiel 31:18 Lit like
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New American Standard Bible (NASB)

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