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Romans 1-3 (New American Standard Bible)

Romans 1-3

The Gospel Exalted

Paul, a bond-servant of Christ Jesus, [a]called as an apostle, set apart for the gospel of God, which He promised beforehand through His prophets in the holy Scriptures, concerning His Son, who was born of a [b]descendant of David according to the flesh, who was declared the Son of God with power [c]by the resurrection from the dead, according to the [d]Spirit of holiness, Jesus Christ our Lord, through whom we have received grace and apostleship [e]to bring about the obedience of faith among all the Gentiles for His name’s sake, among whom you also are the called of Jesus Christ;

to all who are beloved of God in Rome, called as [f]saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ [g]for you all, because your faith is being proclaimed throughout the whole world. For God, whom I serve in my spirit in the preaching of the gospel of His Son, is my witness as to how unceasingly I make mention of you, 10 always in my prayers making request, if perhaps now at last by the will of God I may succeed in coming to you. 11 For I long to see you so that I may impart some spiritual gift to you, that you may be [h]established; 12 that is, that I may be encouraged together with you while among you, each of us by the other’s faith, both yours and mine. 13 I do not want you to be unaware, brethren, that often I have planned to come to you (and have been prevented so far) so that I may obtain some fruit among you also, even as among the rest of the Gentiles. 14 I am [i]under obligation both to Greeks and to barbarians, both to the wise and to the foolish. 15 So, for my part, I am eager to preach the gospel to you also who are in Rome.

16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel, for it is the power of God for salvation to everyone who believes, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed [j]from faith to faith; as it is written, “[k]But the righteous man shall live by faith.”

Unbelief and Its Consequences

18 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men who suppress the truth [l]in unrighteousness, 19 because that which is known about God is evident [m]within them; for God made it evident to them. 20 For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not [n]honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened. 22 Professing to be wise, they became fools, 23 and exchanged the glory of the incorruptible God for an image in the form of corruptible man and of birds and four-footed animals and [o]crawling creatures.

24 Therefore God gave them over in the lusts of their hearts to impurity, so that their bodies would be dishonored among them. 25 For they exchanged the truth of God for [p]a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed [q]forever. Amen.

26 For this reason God gave them over to degrading passions; for their women exchanged the natural function for that which is [r]unnatural, 27 and in the same way also the men abandoned the natural function of the woman and burned in their desire toward one another, men with men committing [s]indecent acts and receiving in [t]their own persons the due penalty of their error.

28 And just as they did not see fit [u]to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper, 29 being filled with all unrighteousness, wickedness, greed, evil; full of envy, murder, strife, deceit, malice; they are gossips, 30 slanderers, [v]haters of God, insolent, arrogant, boastful, inventors of evil, disobedient to parents, 31 without understanding, untrustworthy, unloving, unmerciful; 32 and although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them.

The Impartiality of God

Therefore you have no excuse, [w]everyone of you who passes judgment, for in that which you judge another, you condemn yourself; for you who judge practice the same things. And we know that the judgment of God [x]rightly falls upon those who practice such things. But do you suppose this, O man, [y]when you pass judgment on those who practice such things and do the same yourself, that you will escape the judgment of God? Or do you think lightly of the riches of His kindness and tolerance and patience, not knowing that the kindness of God leads you to repentance? But [z]because of your stubbornness and unrepentant heart you are storing up wrath for yourself in the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God, who will render to each person according to his deeds: to those who by perseverance in doing good seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life; but to those who are selfishly ambitious and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, wrath and indignation. There will be tribulation and distress [aa]for every soul of man who does evil, of the Jew first and also of the Greek, 10 but glory and honor and peace to everyone who does good, to the Jew first and also to the Greek. 11 For there is no partiality with God.

12 For all who have sinned [ab]without the Law will also perish [ac]without the Law, and all who have sinned [ad]under the Law will be judged [ae]by the Law; 13 for it is not the hearers [af]of the Law who are [ag]just before God, but the doers [ah]of the Law will be justified. 14 For when Gentiles who do not have [ai]the Law do [aj]instinctively the things of the Law, these, not having [ak]the Law, are a law to themselves, 15 in that they show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience bearing witness and their thoughts alternately accusing or else defending them, 16 on the day when, according to my gospel, God will judge the secrets of men through Christ Jesus.

The Jew Is Condemned by the Law

17 But if you bear the name “Jew” and rely [al]upon the Law and boast in God, 18 and know His will and [am]approve the things that are essential, being instructed out of the Law, 19 and are confident that you yourself are a guide to the blind, a light to those who are in darkness, 20 a [an]corrector of the foolish, a teacher of [ao]the immature, having in the Law the embodiment of knowledge and of the truth, 21 you, therefore, who teach another, do you not teach yourself? You who [ap]preach that one shall not steal, do you steal? 22 You who say that one should not commit adultery, do you commit adultery? You who abhor idols, do you rob temples? 23 You who boast [aq]in the Law, through your breaking the Law, do you dishonor God? 24 For “the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles because of you,” just as it is written.

25 For indeed circumcision is of value if you practice [ar]the Law; but if you are a transgressor [as]of the Law, your circumcision has become uncircumcision. 26 So if the [at]uncircumcised man keeps the requirements of the Law, will not his uncircumcision be regarded as circumcision? 27 And he who is physically uncircumcised, if he keeps the Law, will he not judge you who [au]though having the letter of the Law and circumcision are a transgressor [av]of the Law? 28 For he is not a Jew who is one outwardly, nor is circumcision that which is outward in the flesh. 29 But he is a Jew who is one inwardly; and circumcision is that which is of the heart, by the Spirit, not by the letter; and his praise is not from men, but from God.

All the World Guilty

Then what [aw]advantage has the Jew? Or what is the benefit of circumcision? Great in every respect. First of all, that they were entrusted with the oracles of God. What then? If some [ax]did not believe, their [ay]unbelief will not nullify the faithfulness of God, will it? May it never be! Rather, let God be found true, though every man be found a liar, as it is written,

That You may be justified in Your words,
And prevail when You [az]are judged.”

But if our unrighteousness [ba]demonstrates the righteousness of God, what shall we say? The God who inflicts wrath is not unrighteous, is He? (I am speaking in human terms.) May it never be! For otherwise, how will God judge the world? But if through my lie the truth of God abounded to His glory, why am I also still being judged as a sinner? And why not say (as we are slanderously reported and as some claim that we say), “Let us do evil that good may come”? [bb]Their condemnation is just.

What then? [bc]Are we better than they? Not at all; for we have already charged that both Jews and Greeks are all under sin; 10 as it is written,

There is none righteous, not even one;
11 There is none who understands,
There is none who seeks for God;
12 All have turned aside, together they have become useless;
There is none who does good,
There is not even one.”
13 Their throat is an open grave,
With their tongues they keep deceiving,”
The poison of asps is under their lips”;
14 Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness”;
15 Their feet are swift to shed blood,
16 Destruction and misery are in their paths,
17 And the path of peace they have not known.”
18 There is no fear of God before their eyes.”

19 Now we know that whatever the Law says, it speaks to those who are [bd]under the Law, so that every mouth may be closed and all the world may become accountable to God; 20 because by the works [be]of the Law no flesh will be justified in His sight; for [bf]through the Law comes the knowledge of sin.

Justification by Faith

21 But now apart [bg]from the Law the righteousness of God has been manifested, being witnessed by the Law and the Prophets, 22 even the righteousness of God through faith in Jesus Christ for all those [bh]who believe; for there is no distinction; 23 for all [bi]have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, 24 being justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption which is in Christ Jesus; 25 whom God displayed publicly as a [bj]propitiation [bk]in His blood through faith. This was to demonstrate His righteousness, [bl]because in the forbearance of God He passed over the sins previously committed; 26 for the demonstration, I say, of His righteousness at the present time, so that He would be just and the justifier of the one who [bm]has faith in Jesus.

27 Where then is boasting? It is excluded. By what kind of law? Of works? No, but by a law of faith. 28 [bn]For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works [bo]of the Law. 29 Or is God the God of Jews only? Is He not the God of Gentiles also? Yes, of Gentiles also, 30 since indeed God who will justify the [bp]circumcised [bq]by faith and the [br]uncircumcised through faith is one.

31 Do we then nullify [bs]the Law through faith? May it never be! On the contrary, we establish the Law.


  1. Romans 1:1 Lit a called apostle
  2. Romans 1:3 Lit seed
  3. Romans 1:4 Or as a result of
  4. Romans 1:4 Or spirit
  5. Romans 1:5 Lit for obedience
  6. Romans 1:7 Or holy ones
  7. Romans 1:8 Or concerning you all, that...
  8. Romans 1:11 Or strengthened
  9. Romans 1:14 Lit debtor
  10. Romans 1:17 Or by
  11. Romans 1:17 Or But he who is righteous by faith shall live
  12. Romans 1:18 Or by
  13. Romans 1:19 Or among
  14. Romans 1:21 Lit glorify
  15. Romans 1:23 Or reptiles
  16. Romans 1:25 Lit the lie
  17. Romans 1:25 Lit unto the ages
  18. Romans 1:26 Lit against nature
  19. Romans 1:27 Lit the shameless deed
  20. Romans 1:27 Lit themselves
  21. Romans 1:28 Lit to have God in knowledge
  22. Romans 1:30 Or hateful to God
  23. Romans 2:1 Lit O man, everyone who
  24. Romans 2:2 Lit is according to truth against
  25. Romans 2:3 Lit who passes judgment
  26. Romans 2:5 Or in accordance with
  27. Romans 2:9 Lit upon
  28. Romans 2:12 Or without law
  29. Romans 2:12 Or without law
  30. Romans 2:12 Or under law
  31. Romans 2:12 Or by law
  32. Romans 2:13 Or of law
  33. Romans 2:13 Or righteous
  34. Romans 2:13 Or of law
  35. Romans 2:14 Or law
  36. Romans 2:14 Lit by nature
  37. Romans 2:14 Or law
  38. Romans 2:17 Or upon law
  39. Romans 2:18 Or distinguish between the things which differ
  40. Romans 2:20 Or instructor
  41. Romans 2:20 Lit infants
  42. Romans 2:21 Or proclaim
  43. Romans 2:23 Or in law
  44. Romans 2:25 Or law
  45. Romans 2:25 Or of law
  46. Romans 2:26 Lit uncircumcision
  47. Romans 2:27 Lit through the letter
  48. Romans 2:27 Or of law
  49. Romans 3:1 Lit is the advantage of the Jew
  50. Romans 3:3 Or were unfaithful
  51. Romans 3:3 Or unfaithfulness
  52. Romans 3:4 Lit in Your judging
  53. Romans 3:5 Or commends
  54. Romans 3:8 Lit Whose
  55. Romans 3:9 Or Are we worse
  56. Romans 3:19 Lit in
  57. Romans 3:20 Or of law
  58. Romans 3:20 Or through law
  59. Romans 3:21 Or from law
  60. Romans 3:22 Or who believe. For there is no distinction, since they all have sinned...and are being justified
  61. Romans 3:23 Or sinned
  62. Romans 3:25 Or a propitiatory sacrifice
  63. Romans 3:25 Or by
  64. Romans 3:25 Lit because of the passing over of the sins previously committed in the forbearance of God
  65. Romans 3:26 Lit is of the faith of Jesus
  66. Romans 3:28 One early ms reads Therefore
  67. Romans 3:28 Or of law
  68. Romans 3:30 Lit circumcision
  69. Romans 3:30 Lit out of
  70. Romans 3:30 Lit uncircumcision
  71. Romans 3:31 Or law
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New American Standard Bible (NASB)

Copyright © 1960, 1962, 1963, 1968, 1971, 1972, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1995 by The Lockman Foundation

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