Defeat of Og King of Bashan
3 Next we turned and went up along the road toward Bashan, and Og king of Bashan(A) with his whole army marched out to meet us in battle at Edrei.(B) 2 The Lord said to me, “Do not be afraid(C) of him, for I have delivered him into your hands, along with his whole army and his land. Do to him what you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon.”
3 So the Lord our God also gave into our hands Og king of Bashan and all his army. We struck them down,(D) leaving no survivors.(E) 4 At that time we took all his cities.(F) There was not one of the sixty cities that we did not take from them—the whole region of Argob, Og’s kingdom(G) in Bashan.(H) 5 All these cities were fortified with high walls and with gates and bars, and there were also a great many unwalled villages. 6 We completely destroyed[a] them, as we had done with Sihon king of Heshbon, destroying[b](I) every city—men, women and children. 7 But all the livestock(J) and the plunder from their cities we carried off for ourselves.
8 So at that time we took from these two kings of the Amorites(K) the territory east of the Jordan, from the Arnon Gorge as far as Mount Hermon.(L) 9 (Hermon is called Sirion(M) by the Sidonians; the Amorites call it Senir.)(N) 10 We took all the towns on the plateau, and all Gilead, and all Bashan as far as Salekah(O) and Edrei, towns of Og’s kingdom in Bashan. 11 (Og king of Bashan was the last of the Rephaites.(P) His bed was decorated with iron and was more than nine cubits long and four cubits wide.[c] It is still in Rabbah(Q) of the Ammonites.)
Division of the Land
12 Of the land that we took over at that time, I gave the Reubenites and the Gadites the territory north of Aroer(R) by the Arnon Gorge, including half the hill country of Gilead, together with its towns. 13 The rest of Gilead and also all of Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to the half-tribe of Manasseh.(S) (The whole region of Argob in Bashan used to be known as a land of the Rephaites.(T) 14 Jair,(U) a descendant of Manasseh, took the whole region of Argob as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maakathites;(V) it was named(W) after him, so that to this day Bashan is called Havvoth Jair.[d]) 15 And I gave Gilead to Makir.(X) 16 But to the Reubenites and the Gadites I gave the territory extending from Gilead down to the Arnon Gorge (the middle of the gorge being the border) and out to the Jabbok River,(Y) which is the border of the Ammonites. 17 Its western border was the Jordan in the Arabah,(Z) from Kinnereth(AA) to the Sea of the Arabah(AB) (that is, the Dead Sea(AC)), below the slopes of Pisgah.
18 I commanded you at that time: “The Lord your God has given(AD) you this land to take possession of it. But all your able-bodied men, armed for battle, must cross over ahead of the other Israelites.(AE) 19 However, your wives,(AF) your children and your livestock(AG) (I know you have much livestock) may stay in the towns I have given you, 20 until the Lord gives rest to your fellow Israelites as he has to you, and they too have taken over the land that the Lord your God is giving them across the Jordan. After that, each of you may go back to the possession I have given you.”
Moses Forbidden to Cross the Jordan
21 At that time I commanded Joshua: “You have seen with your own eyes all that the Lord your God has done to these two kings. The Lord will do the same to all the kingdoms over there where you are going. 22 Do not be afraid(AH) of them;(AI) the Lord your God himself will fight(AJ) for you.”
23 At that time I pleaded(AK) with the Lord: 24 “Sovereign Lord, you have begun to show to your servant your greatness(AL) and your strong hand. For what god(AM) is there in heaven or on earth who can do the deeds and mighty works(AN) you do?(AO) 25 Let me go over and see the good land(AP) beyond the Jordan—that fine hill country and Lebanon.(AQ)”
26 But because of you the Lord was angry(AR) with me and would not listen to me. “That is enough,” the Lord said. “Do not speak to me anymore about this matter. 27 Go up to the top of Pisgah(AS) and look west and north and south and east.(AT) Look at the land with your own eyes, since you are not going to cross(AU) this Jordan.(AV) 28 But commission(AW) Joshua, and encourage(AX) and strengthen him, for he will lead this people across(AY) and will cause them to inherit the land that you will see.” 29 So we stayed in the valley near Beth Peor.(AZ)
4 Now, Israel, hear the decrees(BA) and laws I am about to teach(BB) you. Follow them so that you may live(BC) and may go in and take possession of the land the Lord, the God of your ancestors, is giving you. 2 Do not add(BD) to what I command you and do not subtract(BE) from it, but keep(BF) the commands(BG) of the Lord your God that I give you.
3 You saw with your own eyes what the Lord did at Baal Peor.(BH) The Lord your God destroyed from among you everyone who followed the Baal of Peor, 4 but all of you who held fast to the Lord your God are still alive today.
5 See, I have taught(BI) you decrees and laws(BJ) as the Lord my God commanded(BK) me, so that you may follow them in the land you are entering(BL) to take possession of it. 6 Observe(BM) them carefully, for this will show your wisdom(BN) and understanding to the nations, who will hear about all these decrees and say, “Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.”(BO) 7 What other nation is so great(BP) as to have their gods near(BQ) them the way the Lord our God is near us whenever we pray to him? 8 And what other nation is so great as to have such righteous decrees and laws(BR) as this body of laws I am setting before you today?
9 Only be careful,(BS) and watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen or let them fade from your heart as long as you live. Teach(BT) them to your children(BU) and to their children after them. 10 Remember the day you stood before the Lord your God at Horeb,(BV) when he said to me, “Assemble the people before me to hear my words so that they may learn(BW) to revere(BX) me as long as they live in the land(BY) and may teach(BZ) them to their children.” 11 You came near and stood at the foot of the mountain(CA) while it blazed with fire(CB) to the very heavens, with black clouds and deep darkness.(CC) 12 Then the Lord spoke(CD) to you out of the fire. You heard the sound of words but saw no form;(CE) there was only a voice.(CF) 13 He declared to you his covenant,(CG) the Ten Commandments,(CH) which he commanded you to follow and then wrote them on two stone tablets. 14 And the Lord directed me at that time to teach you the decrees and laws(CI) you are to follow in the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess.
15 You saw no form(CJ) of any kind the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb(CK) out of the fire. Therefore watch yourselves very carefully,(CL) 16 so that you do not become corrupt(CM) and make for yourselves an idol,(CN) an image of any shape, whether formed like a man or a woman, 17 or like any animal on earth or any bird that flies in the air,(CO) 18 or like any creature that moves along the ground or any fish in the waters below. 19 And when you look up to the sky and see the sun,(CP) the moon and the stars(CQ)—all the heavenly array(CR)—do not be enticed(CS) into bowing down to them and worshiping(CT) things the Lord your God has apportioned to all the nations under heaven. 20 But as for you, the Lord took you and brought you out of the iron-smelting furnace,(CU) out of Egypt,(CV) to be the people of his inheritance,(CW) as you now are.
21 The Lord was angry with me(CX) because of you, and he solemnly swore that I would not cross the Jordan and enter the good land the Lord your God is giving you as your inheritance. 22 I will die in this land;(CY) I will not cross the Jordan; but you are about to cross over and take possession of that good land.(CZ) 23 Be careful not to forget the covenant(DA) of the Lord your God that he made with you; do not make for yourselves an idol(DB) in the form of anything the Lord your God has forbidden. 24 For the Lord your God is a consuming fire,(DC) a jealous God.(DD)
25 After you have had children and grandchildren and have lived in the land a long time—if you then become corrupt(DE) and make any kind of idol,(DF) doing evil(DG) in the eyes of the Lord your God and arousing his anger, 26 I call the heavens and the earth as witnesses(DH) against you(DI) this day that you will quickly perish(DJ) from the land that you are crossing the Jordan to possess. You will not live there long but will certainly be destroyed. 27 The Lord will scatter(DK) you among the peoples, and only a few of you will survive(DL) among the nations to which the Lord will drive you. 28 There you will worship man-made gods(DM) of wood and stone,(DN) which cannot see or hear or eat or smell.(DO) 29 But if from there you seek(DP) the Lord your God, you will find him if you seek him with all your heart(DQ) and with all your soul.(DR) 30 When you are in distress(DS) and all these things have happened to you, then in later days(DT) you will return(DU) to the Lord your God and obey him. 31 For the Lord your God is a merciful(DV) God; he will not abandon(DW) or destroy(DX) you or forget(DY) the covenant with your ancestors, which he confirmed to them by oath.
The Lord Is God
32 Ask(DZ) now about the former days, long before your time, from the day God created human beings on the earth;(EA) ask from one end of the heavens to the other.(EB) Has anything so great(EC) as this ever happened, or has anything like it ever been heard of? 33 Has any other people heard the voice of God[e] speaking out of fire, as you have, and lived?(ED) 34 Has any god ever tried to take for himself one nation out of another nation,(EE) by testings,(EF) by signs(EG) and wonders,(EH) by war, by a mighty hand and an outstretched arm,(EI) or by great and awesome deeds,(EJ) like all the things the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your very eyes?
35 You were shown these things so that you might know that the Lord is God; besides him there is no other.(EK) 36 From heaven he made you hear his voice(EL) to discipline(EM) you. On earth he showed you his great fire, and you heard his words from out of the fire. 37 Because he loved(EN) your ancestors and chose their descendants after them, he brought you out of Egypt by his Presence and his great strength,(EO) 38 to drive out before you nations greater and stronger than you and to bring you into their land to give it to you for your inheritance,(EP) as it is today.
39 Acknowledge(EQ) and take to heart this day that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth below. There is no other.(ER) 40 Keep(ES) his decrees and commands,(ET) which I am giving you today, so that it may go well(EU) with you and your children after you and that you may live long(EV) in the land the Lord your God gives you for all time.
Cities of Refuge(EW)
41 Then Moses set aside three cities east of the Jordan, 42 to which anyone who had killed a person could flee if they had unintentionally(EX) killed a neighbor without malice aforethought. They could flee into one of these cities and save their life. 43 The cities were these: Bezer in the wilderness plateau, for the Reubenites; Ramoth(EY) in Gilead, for the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, for the Manassites.
Introduction to the Law
44 This is the law Moses set before the Israelites. 45 These are the stipulations, decrees and laws Moses gave them when they came out of Egypt 46 and were in the valley near Beth Peor east of the Jordan, in the land of Sihon(EZ) king of the Amorites, who reigned in Heshbon and was defeated by Moses and the Israelites as they came out of Egypt. 47 They took possession of his land and the land of Og king of Bashan, the two Amorite kings east of the Jordan. 48 This land extended from Aroer(FA) on the rim of the Arnon Gorge to Mount Sirion[f](FB) (that is, Hermon(FC)), 49 and included all the Arabah east of the Jordan, as far as the Dead Sea,[g] below the slopes of Pisgah.