31 “I made a covenant with my eyes(A)
    not to look lustfully at a young woman.(B)
For what is our lot(C) from God above,
    our heritage from the Almighty on high?(D)
Is it not ruin(E) for the wicked,
    disaster(F) for those who do wrong?(G)
Does he not see my ways(H)
    and count my every step?(I)

“If I have walked with falsehood
    or my foot has hurried after deceit(J)
let God weigh me(K) in honest scales(L)
    and he will know that I am blameless(M)
if my steps have turned from the path,(N)
    if my heart has been led by my eyes,
    or if my hands(O) have been defiled,(P)
then may others eat what I have sown,(Q)
    and may my crops be uprooted.(R)

“If my heart has been enticed(S) by a woman,(T)
    or if I have lurked at my neighbor’s door,
10 then may my wife grind(U) another man’s grain,
    and may other men sleep with her.(V)
11 For that would have been wicked,(W)
    a sin to be judged.(X)
12 It is a fire(Y) that burns to Destruction[a];(Z)
    it would have uprooted my harvest.(AA)

13 “If I have denied justice to any of my servants,(AB)
    whether male or female,
    when they had a grievance against me,(AC)
14 what will I do when God confronts me?(AD)
    What will I answer when called to account?(AE)
15 Did not he who made me in the womb make them?(AF)
    Did not the same one form us both within our mothers?(AG)

16 “If I have denied the desires of the poor(AH)
    or let the eyes of the widow(AI) grow weary,(AJ)
17 if I have kept my bread to myself,
    not sharing it with the fatherless(AK)
18 but from my youth I reared them as a father would,
    and from my birth I guided the widow(AL)
19 if I have seen anyone perishing for lack of clothing,(AM)
    or the needy(AN) without garments,
20 and their hearts did not bless me(AO)
    for warming them with the fleece(AP) from my sheep,
21 if I have raised my hand against the fatherless,(AQ)
    knowing that I had influence in court,(AR)
22 then let my arm fall from the shoulder,
    let it be broken off at the joint.(AS)
23 For I dreaded destruction from God,(AT)
    and for fear of his splendor(AU) I could not do such things.(AV)

24 “If I have put my trust in gold(AW)
    or said to pure gold, ‘You are my security,’(AX)
25 if I have rejoiced over my great wealth,(AY)
    the fortune my hands had gained,(AZ)
26 if I have regarded the sun(BA) in its radiance
    or the moon(BB) moving in splendor,
27 so that my heart was secretly enticed(BC)
    and my hand offered them a kiss of homage,(BD)
28 then these also would be sins to be judged,(BE)
    for I would have been unfaithful to God on high.(BF)

29 “If I have rejoiced at my enemy’s misfortune(BG)
    or gloated over the trouble that came to him(BH)
30 I have not allowed my mouth to sin
    by invoking a curse against their life(BI)
31 if those of my household have never said,
    ‘Who has not been filled with Job’s meat?’(BJ)
32 but no stranger had to spend the night in the street,
    for my door was always open to the traveler(BK)
33 if I have concealed(BL) my sin as people do,[b]
    by hiding(BM) my guilt in my heart
34 because I so feared the crowd(BN)
    and so dreaded the contempt of the clans
    that I kept silent(BO) and would not go outside—

35 (“Oh, that I had someone to hear me!(BP)
    I sign now my defense—let the Almighty answer me;
    let my accuser(BQ) put his indictment in writing.
36 Surely I would wear it on my shoulder,(BR)
    I would put it on like a crown.(BS)
37 I would give him an account of my every step;(BT)
    I would present it to him as to a ruler.(BU))—

38 “if my land cries out against me(BV)
    and all its furrows are wet(BW) with tears,
39 if I have devoured its yield without payment(BX)
    or broken the spirit of its tenants,(BY)
40 then let briers(BZ) come up instead of wheat
    and stinkweed(CA) instead of barley.”

The words of Job are ended.(CB)


32 So these three men stopped answering Job,(CC) because he was righteous in his own eyes.(CD) But Elihu son of Barakel the Buzite,(CE) of the family of Ram, became very angry with Job for justifying himself(CF) rather than God.(CG) He was also angry with the three friends,(CH) because they had found no way to refute Job,(CI) and yet had condemned him.[c](CJ) Now Elihu had waited before speaking to Job because they were older than he.(CK) But when he saw that the three men had nothing more to say, his anger was aroused.

So Elihu son of Barakel the Buzite said:

“I am young in years,
    and you are old;(CL)
that is why I was fearful,
    not daring to tell you what I know.
I thought, ‘Age should speak;
    advanced years should teach wisdom.’(CM)
But it is the spirit[d](CN) in a person,
    the breath of the Almighty,(CO) that gives them understanding.(CP)
It is not only the old[e] who are wise,(CQ)
    not only the aged(CR) who understand what is right.(CS)

10 “Therefore I say: Listen to me;(CT)
    I too will tell you what I know.(CU)
11 I waited while you spoke,
    I listened to your reasoning;
while you were searching for words,
12     I gave you my full attention.
But not one of you has proved Job wrong;
    none of you has answered his arguments.(CV)
13 Do not say, ‘We have found wisdom;(CW)
    let God, not a man, refute(CX) him.’
14 But Job has not marshaled his words against me,(CY)
    and I will not answer him with your arguments.

15 “They are dismayed and have no more to say;
    words have failed them.(CZ)
16 Must I wait, now that they are silent,
    now that they stand there with no reply?
17 I too will have my say;
    I too will tell what I know.(DA)
18 For I am full of words,
    and the spirit(DB) within me compels me;(DC)
19 inside I am like bottled-up wine,
    like new wineskins ready to burst.(DD)
20 I must speak and find relief;
    I must open my lips and reply.(DE)
21 I will show no partiality,(DF)
    nor will I flatter anyone;(DG)
22 for if I were skilled in flattery,
    my Maker(DH) would soon take me away.(DI)

33 “But now, Job, listen(DJ) to my words;
    pay attention to everything I say.(DK)
I am about to open my mouth;
    my words are on the tip of my tongue.
My words come from an upright heart;(DL)
    my lips sincerely speak what I know.(DM)
The Spirit(DN) of God has made me;(DO)
    the breath of the Almighty(DP) gives me life.(DQ)
Answer me(DR) then, if you can;
    stand up(DS) and argue your case before me.(DT)
I am the same as you in God’s sight;(DU)
    I too am a piece of clay.(DV)
No fear of me should alarm you,
    nor should my hand be heavy on you.(DW)

“But you have said in my hearing—
    I heard the very words—
‘I am pure,(DX) I have done no wrong;(DY)
    I am clean and free from sin.(DZ)
10 Yet God has found fault with me;
    he considers me his enemy.(EA)
11 He fastens my feet in shackles;(EB)
    he keeps close watch on all my paths.’(EC)

12 “But I tell you, in this you are not right,
    for God is greater than any mortal.(ED)
13 Why do you complain to him(EE)
    that he responds to no one’s words[f]?(EF)
14 For God does speak(EG)—now one way, now another(EH)
    though no one perceives it.(EI)
15 In a dream,(EJ) in a vision(EK) of the night,(EL)
    when deep sleep(EM) falls on people
    as they slumber in their beds,
16 he may speak(EN) in their ears
    and terrify them(EO) with warnings,(EP)
17 to turn them from wrongdoing
    and keep them from pride,(EQ)
18 to preserve them from the pit,(ER)
    their lives from perishing by the sword.[g](ES)

19 “Or someone may be chastened(ET) on a bed of pain(EU)
    with constant distress in their bones,(EV)
20 so that their body finds food(EW) repulsive
    and their soul loathes the choicest meal.(EX)
21 Their flesh wastes away to nothing,
    and their bones,(EY) once hidden, now stick out.(EZ)
22 They draw near to the pit,(FA)
    and their life to the messengers of death.[h](FB)
23 Yet if there is an angel at their side,
    a messenger,(FC) one out of a thousand,
    sent to tell them how to be upright,(FD)
24 and he is gracious to that person and says to God,
    ‘Spare them from going down to the pit;(FE)
    I have found a ransom for them(FF)
25 let their flesh be renewed(FG) like a child’s;
    let them be restored as in the days of their youth’(FH)
26 then that person can pray to God and find favor with him,(FI)
    they will see God’s face and shout for joy;(FJ)
    he will restore them to full well-being.(FK)
27 And they will go to others and say,
    ‘I have sinned,(FL) I have perverted what is right,(FM)
    but I did not get what I deserved.(FN)
28 God has delivered(FO) me from going down to the pit,(FP)
    and I shall live to enjoy the light of life.’(FQ)

29 “God does all these things to a person(FR)
    twice, even three times(FS)
30 to turn them back(FT) from the pit,(FU)
    that the light of life(FV) may shine on them.(FW)

31 “Pay attention, Job, and listen(FX) to me;(FY)
    be silent,(FZ) and I will speak.
32 If you have anything to say, answer me;(GA)
    speak up, for I want to vindicate you.(GB)
33 But if not, then listen to me;(GC)
    be silent,(GD) and I will teach you wisdom.(GE)


  1. Job 31:12 Hebrew Abaddon
  2. Job 31:33 Or as Adam did
  3. Job 32:3 Masoretic Text; an ancient Hebrew scribal tradition Job, and so had condemned God
  4. Job 32:8 Or Spirit; also in verse 18
  5. Job 32:9 Or many; or great
  6. Job 33:13 Or that he does not answer for any of his actions
  7. Job 33:18 Or from crossing the river
  8. Job 33:22 Or to the place of the dead

Are we beginning to commend ourselves(A) again? Or do we need, like some people, letters of recommendation(B) to you or from you? You yourselves are our letter, written on our hearts, known and read by everyone.(C) You show that you are a letter from Christ, the result of our ministry, written not with ink but with the Spirit of the living God,(D) not on tablets of stone(E) but on tablets of human hearts.(F)

Such confidence(G) we have through Christ before God. Not that we are competent in ourselves(H) to claim anything for ourselves, but our competence comes from God.(I) He has made us competent as ministers of a new covenant(J)—not of the letter(K) but of the Spirit; for the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life.(L)

The Greater Glory of the New Covenant

Now if the ministry that brought death,(M) which was engraved in letters on stone, came with glory, so that the Israelites could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of its glory,(N) transitory though it was, will not the ministry of the Spirit be even more glorious? If the ministry that brought condemnation(O) was glorious, how much more glorious is the ministry that brings righteousness!(P) 10 For what was glorious has no glory now in comparison with the surpassing glory. 11 And if what was transitory came with glory, how much greater is the glory of that which lasts!

12 Therefore, since we have such a hope,(Q) we are very bold.(R) 13 We are not like Moses, who would put a veil over his face(S) to prevent the Israelites from seeing the end of what was passing away. 14 But their minds were made dull,(T) for to this day the same veil remains when the old covenant(U) is read.(V) It has not been removed, because only in Christ is it taken away. 15 Even to this day when Moses is read, a veil covers their hearts. 16 But whenever anyone turns to the Lord,(W) the veil is taken away.(X) 17 Now the Lord is the Spirit,(Y) and where the Spirit of the Lord is, there is freedom.(Z) 18 And we all, who with unveiled faces contemplate[a](AA) the Lord’s glory,(AB) are being transformed into his image(AC) with ever-increasing glory, which comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.

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  1. 2 Corinthians 3:18 Or reflect

Psalm 43[a]

Vindicate me, my God,
    and plead my cause(A)
    against an unfaithful nation.
Rescue me(B) from those who are
    deceitful and wicked.(C)
You are God my stronghold.
    Why have you rejected(D) me?
Why must I go about mourning,(E)
    oppressed by the enemy?(F)
Send me your light(G) and your faithful care,(H)
    let them lead me;(I)
let them bring me to your holy mountain,(J)
    to the place where you dwell.(K)
Then I will go(L) to the altar(M) of God,
    to God, my joy(N) and my delight.(O)
I will praise you with the lyre,(P)
    O God, my God.

Why, my soul, are you downcast?
    Why so disturbed within me?
Put your hope in God,
    for I will yet praise him,
    my Savior and my God.(Q)

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  1. Psalm 43:1 In many Hebrew manuscripts Psalms 42 and 43 constitute one psalm.

Whoever sows injustice reaps calamity,(A)
    and the rod they wield in fury will be broken.(B)

The generous will themselves be blessed,(C)
    for they share their food with the poor.(D)

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