Abraham's Death and His Descendants

25 Abraham took another wife, whose name was Keturah. (A)She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. Jokshan fathered Sheba and Dedan. The sons of Dedan were Asshurim, Letushim, and Leummim. The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were the children of Keturah. (B)Abraham gave all he had to Isaac. But to the sons of his concubines Abraham gave gifts, and while he was still living he (C)sent them away from his son Isaac, eastward (D)to the east country.

These are the days of the years of Abraham's life, 175 years. Abraham (E)breathed his last and (F)died in a good old age, an old man and full of years, and was gathered to his people. Isaac and Ishmael (G)his sons buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, east of Mamre, 10 the field (H)that Abraham purchased from the Hittites. (I)There Abraham was buried, with Sarah his wife. 11 After the death of Abraham, God blessed Isaac his son. And Isaac settled at (J)Beer-lahai-roi.

12 These are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham's son, (K)whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah's servant, bore to Abraham. 13 (L)These are the names of the sons of Ishmael, named in the order of their birth: (M)Nebaioth, the firstborn of Ishmael; and (N)Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, 14 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, 15 Hadad, (O)Tema, (P)Jetur, (Q)Naphish, and Kedemah. 16 These are the sons of Ishmael and these are their names, by their villages and by their encampments, (R)twelve princes according to their tribes. 17 (These are the years of the life of Ishmael: 137 years. He (S)breathed his last and died, and was gathered to his people.) 18 (T)They settled from Havilah to (U)Shur, which is opposite Egypt in the direction of Assyria. He settled[a] over against all his kinsmen.

The Birth of Esau and Jacob

19 These are the generations of Isaac, Abraham's son: (V)Abraham fathered Isaac, 20 and Isaac was forty years old when he took Rebekah, (W)the daughter of Bethuel the Aramean of (X)Paddan-aram, (Y)the sister of Laban the Aramean, to be his wife. 21 And Isaac prayed to the Lord for his wife, because she was barren. And (Z)the Lord granted his prayer, and Rebekah his wife conceived. 22 The children struggled together within her, and she said, “If it is thus, why is this happening to me?”[b] So she went (AA)to inquire of the Lord. 23 And the Lord said to her,

(AB)“Two nations are in your womb,
    and two peoples from within you[c] shall be divided;
(AC)the one shall be stronger than the other,
    (AD)the older shall serve the younger.”

24 When her days to give birth were completed, behold, there were twins in her womb. 25 The first came out red, (AE)all his body like a hairy cloak, so they called his name Esau. 26 Afterward his brother came out with (AF)his hand holding Esau's heel, so (AG)his name was called Jacob.[d] Isaac was sixty years old when she bore them.

27 When the boys grew up, Esau was (AH)a skillful hunter, a man of the field, while Jacob was a quiet man, (AI)dwelling in tents. 28 Isaac loved Esau because (AJ)he ate of his game, but Rebekah loved Jacob.

Esau Sells His Birthright

29 Once when Jacob was cooking stew, Esau came in from the field, and he was exhausted. 30 And Esau said to Jacob, “Let me eat some of that red stew, for I am exhausted!” (Therefore his name was called Edom.[e]) 31 Jacob said, “Sell me your birthright now.” 32 Esau said, “I am about to die; of what use is a birthright to me?” 33 Jacob said, “Swear to me now.” So he swore to him and (AK)sold his birthright to Jacob. 34 Then Jacob gave Esau bread and lentil stew, and he ate and drank and rose and went his way. Thus Esau despised his birthright.

God's Promise to Isaac

26 Now there was a famine in the land, besides (AL)the former famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went to Gerar to (AM)Abimelech king of the (AN)Philistines. And the Lord appeared to him and said, “Do not go down to Egypt; dwell (AO)in the land of which I shall tell you. (AP)Sojourn in this land, and (AQ)I will be with you and will bless you, for (AR)to you and to your offspring I will give all these lands, and I will establish (AS)the oath that I swore to Abraham your father. (AT)I will multiply your offspring as the stars of heaven and will give to your offspring all these lands. And (AU)in your offspring all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because (AV)Abraham obeyed my voice and kept my charge, my commandments, my statutes, and my laws.”

Isaac and Abimelech

So Isaac settled in Gerar. When the men of the place asked him about his wife, (AW)he said, “She is my sister,” for (AX)he feared to say, “My wife,” thinking, “lest the men of the place should kill me because of Rebekah,” because (AY)she was attractive in appearance. When he had been there a long time, Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out of a window and saw Isaac laughing with[f] Rebekah his wife. So Abimelech called Isaac and said, “Behold, she is your wife. How then could you say, ‘She is my sister’?” Isaac said to him, “Because I thought, ‘Lest I die because of her.’” 10 Abimelech said, “What is this you have done to us? One of the people might easily have lain with your wife, and (AZ)you would have brought guilt upon us.” 11 So Abimelech warned all the people, saying, “Whoever touches this man or his wife shall surely be put to death.”

12 And Isaac sowed in that land and reaped in the same year a hundredfold. The Lord (BA)blessed him, 13 and the man became rich, and gained more and more until he became very wealthy. 14 He had possessions of flocks and herds and many servants, so that the Philistines (BB)envied him. 15 (Now the Philistines had stopped and filled with earth all the wells (BC)that his father's servants had dug in the days of Abraham his father.) 16 And Abimelech said to Isaac, “Go away from us, for you are much mightier than we.”

17 So Isaac departed from there and encamped in the Valley of Gerar and settled there. 18 And Isaac dug again the wells of water that had been dug in the days of Abraham his father, which the Philistines had stopped after the death of Abraham. And (BD)he gave them the names that his father had given them. 19 But when Isaac's servants dug in the valley and found there a well of spring water, 20 the herdsmen of Gerar (BE)quarreled with Isaac's herdsmen, saying, “The water is ours.” So he called the name of the well Esek,[g] because they contended with him. 21 Then they dug another well, and they quarreled over that also, so he called its name Sitnah.[h] 22 And he moved from there and dug another well, and they did not quarrel over it. So he called its name Rehoboth,[i] saying, “For now the Lord has made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.”

23 From there he went up to Beersheba. 24 And the Lord appeared to him the same night and said, (BF)“I am the God of Abraham your father. (BG)Fear not, for (BH)I am with you and will bless you and multiply your offspring for my servant Abraham's sake.” 25 So he (BI)built an altar there and called upon the name of the Lord and pitched his tent there. And there Isaac's servants dug a well.

26 When Abimelech went to him from Gerar with Ahuzzath his adviser and (BJ)Phicol the commander of his army, 27 Isaac said to them, “Why have you come to me, seeing that you hate me and (BK)have sent me away from you?” 28 They said, “We see plainly that the Lord has been with you. So we said, let there be a sworn pact between us, between you and us, and let us make a covenant with you, 29 that you will do us no harm, just as we have not touched you and have done to you nothing but good and have sent you away in peace. (BL)You are now the blessed of the Lord.” 30 So he made them a feast, and they ate and drank. 31 In the morning they rose early and (BM)exchanged oaths. And Isaac sent them on their way, and they departed from him in peace. 32 That same day Isaac's servants came and told him about the well that they had dug and said to him, “We have found water.” 33 He called it Shibah;[j] therefore the name of the city is (BN)Beersheba to this day.

34 When Esau was forty years old, he took (BO)Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite to be his wife, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite, 35 and (BP)they made life bitter[k] for Isaac and Rebekah.

Isaac Blesses Jacob

27 When Isaac was old and (BQ)his eyes were dim so that he could not see, he called Esau his older son and said to him, “My son”; and he answered, “Here I am.” He said, “Behold, I am old; I do not know the day of my death. (BR)Now then, take your weapons, your quiver and your bow, and go out to the field and hunt game for me, and prepare for me delicious food, such as I love, and bring it to me so that I may eat, that my soul (BS)may bless you before I die.”

Now Rebekah was listening when Isaac spoke to his son Esau. So when Esau went to the field to hunt for game and bring it, Rebekah said to her son Jacob, “I heard your father speak to your brother Esau, ‘Bring me game and prepare for me delicious food, that I may eat it and bless you before the Lord before I die.’ Now therefore, my son, (BT)obey my voice as I command you. Go to the flock and bring me two good young goats, so that I may prepare from them delicious food for your father, such as he loves. 10 And you shall bring it to your father to eat, (BU)so that he may bless you before he dies.” 11 But Jacob said to Rebekah his mother, “Behold, (BV)my brother Esau is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man. 12 Perhaps my father (BW)will feel me, and I shall seem to be mocking him and bring (BX)a curse upon myself and not a blessing.” 13 His mother said to him, (BY)“Let your curse be on me, my son; only obey my voice, and go, bring them to me.”

14 So he went and took them and brought them to his mother, and his mother prepared delicious food, such as his father loved. 15 Then Rebekah took the (BZ)best garments of Esau her older son, which were with her in the house, and put them on Jacob her younger son. 16 And the skins of the young goats she put on his hands and on the smooth part of his neck. 17 And she put the delicious food and the bread, which she had prepared, into the hand of her son Jacob.

18 So he went in to his father and said, “My father.” And he said, “Here I am. Who are you, my son?” 19 Jacob said to his father, “I am Esau your firstborn. I have done as you told me; now sit up and eat of my game, that your soul may bless me.” 20 But Isaac said to his son, “How is it that you have found it so quickly, my son?” He answered, “Because the Lord your God granted me success.” 21 Then Isaac said to Jacob, “Please come near, that I (CA)may feel you, my son, to know whether you are really my son Esau or not.” 22 So Jacob went near to Isaac his father, who felt him and said, “The voice is Jacob's voice, but the hands are the hands of Esau.” 23 And he did not recognize him, because (CB)his hands were hairy like his brother Esau's hands. (CC)So he blessed him. 24 He said, “Are you really my son Esau?” He answered, “I am.” 25 Then he said, “Bring it near to me, (CD)that I may eat of my son's game and bless you.” So he brought it near to him, and he ate; and he brought him wine, and he drank.

26 Then his father Isaac said to him, “Come near and kiss me, my son.” 27 So he came near and kissed him. And Isaac smelled the smell of his garments (CE)and blessed him and said,

“See, (CF)the smell of my son
    is as the smell of a field that the Lord has blessed!
28 May God give you of (CG)the dew of heaven
    and of the fatness of the earth
    and (CH)plenty of grain and wine.
29 Let peoples serve you,
    and nations (CI)bow down to you.
(CJ)Be lord over your brothers,
    and may your mother's sons bow down to you.
(CK)Cursed be everyone who curses you,
    and blessed be everyone who blesses you!”

30 As soon as Isaac had finished blessing Jacob, when Jacob had scarcely gone out from the presence of Isaac his father, Esau his brother came in from his hunting. 31 He also prepared delicious food and brought it to his father. And he said to his father, “Let my father arise and eat of his son's game, that you may bless me.” 32 His father Isaac said to him, “Who are you?” He answered, “I am your son, your firstborn, Esau.” 33 Then Isaac trembled very violently and said, “Who was it then that hunted game and brought it to me, and I ate it all before you came, and I have blessed him? Yes, and he shall be blessed.” 34 As soon as Esau heard the words of his father, (CL)he cried out with an exceedingly great and bitter cry and said to his father, “Bless me, even me also, O my father!” 35 But he said, “Your brother came deceitfully, and he has taken away your blessing.” 36 Esau said, (CM)“Is he not rightly named Jacob?[l] For he has cheated me these two times. (CN)He took away my birthright, and behold, now he has taken away my blessing.” Then he said, “Have you not reserved a blessing for me?” 37 Isaac answered and said to Esau, “Behold, (CO)I have made him lord over you, and all his brothers I have given to him for servants, and (CP)with grain and wine I have sustained him. What then can I do for you, my son?” 38 Esau said to his father, “Have you but one blessing, my father? Bless me, even me also, O my father.” And (CQ)Esau lifted up his voice and wept.

39 Then Isaac his father answered and said to him:

“Behold, (CR)away from[m] the fatness of the earth shall your dwelling be,
    and away from[n] the dew of heaven on high.
40 By your sword you shall live,
    and you (CS)shall serve your brother;
but when you grow restless
    (CT)you shall break his yoke from your neck.”

41 Now Esau (CU)hated Jacob because of the blessing with which his father had blessed him, and Esau said to himself, (CV)“The days of mourning for my father are approaching; (CW)then I will kill my brother Jacob.” 42 But the words of Esau her older son were told to Rebekah. So she sent and called Jacob her younger son and said to him, “Behold, your brother Esau comforts himself about you by planning to kill you. 43 Now therefore, my son, obey my voice. Arise, flee to Laban my brother in Haran 44 and stay with him a while, until your brother's fury turns away— 45 until your brother's anger turns away from you, and he forgets what you have done to him. Then I will send and bring you from there. Why should I be bereft of you both in one day?”

46 Then Rebekah said to Isaac, (CX)“I loathe my life because of the Hittite women.[o] (CY)If Jacob marries one of the Hittite women like these, one of the women of the land, what good will my life be to me?”

Jacob Sent to Laban

28 Then Isaac called Jacob (CZ)and blessed him and directed him, (DA)“You must not take a wife from the Canaanite women. (DB)Arise, go to Paddan-aram to the house of (DC)Bethuel your mother's father, and take as your wife from there one of the daughters of Laban your mother's brother. (DD)God Almighty[p] bless you and make you fruitful and multiply you, that you may become a company of peoples. May he give (DE)the blessing of Abraham to you and to your offspring with you, that you may take possession of (DF)the land of your sojournings that God gave to Abraham!” Thus Isaac sent Jacob away. And he went to Paddan-aram, to Laban, the son of Bethuel the Aramean, the brother of Rebekah, Jacob's and Esau's mother.

Esau Marries an Ishmaelite

Now Esau saw that Isaac had blessed Jacob and sent him away to Paddan-aram to take a wife from there, and that as he blessed him he directed him, “You must not take a wife from the Canaanite women,” and that Jacob had obeyed his father and his mother and gone to Paddan-aram. So when Esau saw (DG)that the Canaanite women did not please Isaac his father, Esau went to Ishmael and took as his wife, besides the wives he had, (DH)Mahalath the daughter of Ishmael, Abraham's son, the sister of (DI)Nebaioth.

Jacob's Dream

10 Jacob left (DJ)Beersheba and went toward (DK)Haran. 11 And he came to a certain place and stayed there that night, because the sun had set. Taking one of the stones of the place, he put it under his head and lay down in that place to sleep. 12 And he (DL)dreamed, and behold, there was a ladder[q] set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And behold, (DM)the angels of God were ascending and descending on it! 13 And behold, (DN)the Lord stood above it[r] and said, (DO)“I am the Lord, the God of Abraham your father and the God of Isaac. (DP)The land on which you lie I will give to you and to your offspring. 14 Your offspring shall be like (DQ)the dust of the earth, and you shall spread abroad to the west and to the east and to the north and to the south, and in you and (DR)your offspring shall all the families of the earth be blessed. 15 Behold, (DS)I am with you and will keep you wherever you go, and (DT)will bring you back to this land. For I will (DU)not leave you until I have done what I have promised you.” 16 Then Jacob awoke from his sleep and said, “Surely the Lord is (DV)in this place, and I did not know it.” 17 And he was afraid and said, “How awesome is this place! This is none other than the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven.”

18 So early in the morning Jacob took the stone that he had put under his head and set it up (DW)for a pillar (DX)and poured oil on the top of it. 19 He called the name of that place (DY)Bethel,[s] but the name of the city was Luz at the first. 20 Then Jacob (DZ)made a vow, saying, “If God will be with me and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat and clothing to wear, 21 (EA)so that I come again to my father's house in peace, (EB)then the Lord shall be my God, 22 and this stone, which I have set up for a pillar, (EC)shall be God's house. And (ED)of all that you give me I will give a full tenth to you.”


  1. Genesis 25:18 Hebrew fell
  2. Genesis 25:22 Or why do I live?
  3. Genesis 25:23 Or from birth
  4. Genesis 25:26 Jacob means He takes by the heel, or He cheats
  5. Genesis 25:30 Edom sounds like the Hebrew for red
  6. Genesis 26:8 Hebrew may suggest an intimate relationship
  7. Genesis 26:20 Esek means contention
  8. Genesis 26:21 Sitnah means enmity
  9. Genesis 26:22 Rehoboth means broad places, or room
  10. Genesis 26:33 Shibah sounds like the Hebrew for oath
  11. Genesis 26:35 Hebrew they were bitterness of spirit
  12. Genesis 27:36 Jacob means He takes by the heel, or He cheats
  13. Genesis 27:39 Or Behold, of
  14. Genesis 27:39 Or and of
  15. Genesis 27:46 Hebrew daughters of Heth
  16. Genesis 28:3 Hebrew El Shaddai
  17. Genesis 28:12 Or a flight of steps
  18. Genesis 28:13 Or beside him
  19. Genesis 28:19 Bethel means the house of God

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