English Standard Version
Prophecy Against Gog
38 The word of the Lord came to me: 2 (A)“Son of man, (B)set your face toward (C)Gog, of the land of (D)Magog, the (E)chief prince of (F)Meshech[a] and (G)Tubal, and (H)prophesy against him 3 and say, Thus says the Lord God: Behold, (I)I am against you, O Gog, chief prince of Meshech[b] and Tubal. 4 (J)And I will turn you about and (K)put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you out, and (L)all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed in full armor, a great host, all of them with buckler and shield, wielding swords. 5 (M)Persia, (N)Cush, and (O)Put are with them, all of them with shield and helmet; 6 (P)Gomer and all his (Q)hordes; (R)Beth-togarmah from (S)the uttermost parts of the north with all his hordes—(T)many peoples are with you.
7 (U)“Be ready and keep ready, you and all your hosts that are assembled about you, and be a guard for them. 8 (V)After many days you will be mustered. (W)In the latter years you will go against (X)the land that is restored from war, the land whose people (Y)were gathered from many peoples upon (Z)the mountains of Israel, which had been a continual waste. Its people were brought out from the peoples and (AA)now dwell securely, all of them. 9 You will advance, coming on (AB)like a storm. You will be (AC)like a cloud covering the land, you and all your (AD)hordes, and many peoples with you.
10 “Thus says the Lord God: On that day, (AE)thoughts will come into your mind, and you will devise an evil scheme 11 and say, ‘I will go up against (AF)the land of unwalled villages. I will fall upon (AG)the quiet people who dwell securely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having no bars or gates,’ 12 to seize spoil and carry off plunder, to turn your hand against (AH)the waste places that are now inhabited, and (AI)the people who were gathered from the nations, who have acquired livestock and goods, (AJ)who dwell at the center of the earth. 13 (AK)Sheba and (AL)Dedan and the merchants of Tarshish and all (AM)its leaders[c] will say to you, ‘Have you come to seize spoil? Have you assembled your hosts to carry off plunder, to carry away silver and gold, to take away livestock and goods, to seize great spoil?’
14 “Therefore, (AN)son of man, prophesy, and say to (AO)Gog, Thus says the Lord God: On that day when my people Israel are (AP)dwelling securely, (AQ)will you not know it? 15 You will come from your place out of (AR)the uttermost parts of the north, you and (AS)many peoples with you, (AT)all of them riding on horses, a great host, a mighty army. 16 You will come up against my people Israel, (AU)like a cloud covering the land. (AV)In the latter days I will bring you against my land, that the nations may know me, when through you, O Gog, (AW)I vindicate my holiness before their eyes.
17 “Thus says the Lord God: Are you (AX)he of whom I spoke in former days by my servants the prophets of Israel, who in those days prophesied for years that I would bring you against them? 18 But on that day, the day that Gog shall come against the land of Israel, declares the Lord God, (AY)my wrath will be roused in my anger. 19 For (AZ)in my jealousy and in my blazing wrath I declare, On that day (BA)there shall be a great earthquake in the land of Israel. 20 (BB)The fish of the sea and the birds of the heavens and the beasts of the field and all creeping things that creep on the ground, and all the people who are on the face of the earth, (BC)shall quake at my presence. And (BD)the mountains shall be thrown down, and the cliffs shall fall, and every wall shall tumble to the ground. 21 (BE)I will summon a sword against Gog[d] on all my mountains, declares the Lord God. (BF)Every man's sword will be against his brother. 22 With pestilence and bloodshed (BG)I will enter into judgment with him, and (BH)I will rain upon him and (BI)his hordes and the many peoples who are with him (BJ)torrential rains and hailstones, (BK)fire and sulfur. 23 So I will show my greatness and my (BL)holiness and (BM)make myself known in the eyes of many nations. Then (BN)they will know that I am the Lord.
39 “And you, (BO)son of man, (BP)prophesy against (BQ)Gog and say, Thus says the Lord God: Behold, (BR)I am against you, O Gog, (BS)chief prince of (BT)Meshech[e] and (BU)Tubal. 2 (BV)And I will turn you about and drive you forward,[f] and bring you up from (BW)the uttermost parts of the north, and lead you against the (BX)mountains of Israel. 3 Then (BY)I will strike your bow from your left hand, and (BZ)will make your arrows drop out of your right hand. 4 (CA)You shall fall on (CB)the mountains of Israel, you and all your (CC)hordes and the peoples who are with you. (CD)I will give you to birds of prey of every sort and to the beasts of the field to be devoured. 5 You shall fall in the open field, for (CE)I have spoken, declares the Lord God. 6 (CF)I will send fire on (CG)Magog and on those (CH)who dwell securely in (CI)the coastlands, and (CJ)they shall know that I am the Lord.
7 “And (CK)my holy name I will make known in the midst of my people Israel, and (CL)I will not let my holy name be profaned anymore. And (CM)the nations shall know that I am (CN)the Lord, the Holy One in Israel. 8 (CO)Behold, it is coming and it will be brought about, declares the Lord God. That is the day (CP)of which I have spoken.
9 “Then those who dwell in the cities of Israel will go out and (CQ)make fires of the weapons and burn them, shields and bucklers, bow and arrows, (CR)clubs[g] and spears; and they will make fires of them for seven years, 10 so that they will not need to take wood out of the field or cut down any out of the forests, for (CS)they will make their fires of the weapons. (CT)They will seize the spoil of those who despoiled them, and plunder those who plundered them, declares the Lord God.
11 “On that day I will give to (CU)Gog a place for burial in Israel, the Valley of the Travelers, east of the sea. It will block the travelers, for there Gog and all his multitude will be buried. It will be called the Valley of (CV)Hamon-gog.[h] 12 For (CW)seven months the house of Israel will be burying them, in order (CX)to cleanse the land. 13 All the people of the land will bury them, and it will bring them renown on the day that (CY)I show my glory, declares the Lord God. 14 They will set apart men to travel through the land regularly and bury those travelers remaining on the face of the land, so as (CZ)to cleanse it. At[i] the end of (DA)seven months they will make their search. 15 And when these travel through the land and anyone sees a human bone, then he shall set up a sign by it, till the buriers have buried it in the Valley of (DB)Hamon-gog. 16 (Hamonah[j] is also the name of the city.) Thus shall they cleanse the land.
17 “As for you, (DC)son of man, thus says the Lord God: (DD)Speak to (DE)the birds of every sort and to (DF)all beasts of the field: ‘Assemble and come, gather from all around to (DG)the sacrificial feast that I am preparing for you, a great sacrificial feast on the mountains of Israel, and you shall eat flesh and drink blood. 18 (DH)You shall eat the flesh of the mighty, and drink the blood of the princes of the earth—of rams, of lambs, and of he-goats, of bulls, all of them (DI)fat beasts of Bashan. 19 And you shall eat fat till you are filled, and drink blood till you are drunk, at the sacrificial feast that I am preparing for you. 20 And you shall be filled at my table with horses and charioteers, with mighty men and all kinds of warriors,’ declares the Lord God.
21 “And (DJ)I will set my glory among the nations, and all the nations shall see (DK)my judgment that I have executed, and (DL)my hand that I have laid on them. 22 (DM)The house of Israel shall know that I am the Lord their God, from that day forward. 23 And (DN)the nations shall know that the house of Israel went into captivity for their iniquity, because they dealt so treacherously with me that (DO)I hid my face from them and (DP)gave them into the hand of their adversaries, and they all fell by the sword. 24 I dealt with them (DQ)according to their uncleanness and their transgressions, and hid my face from them.
The Lord Will Restore Israel
25 “Therefore thus says the Lord God: Now (DR)I will restore the fortunes of Jacob and have mercy on (DS)the whole house of Israel, and (DT)I will be jealous for my holy name. 26 They shall (DU)forget their shame and all the treachery they have practiced against me, when (DV)they dwell securely in their land with (DW)none to make them afraid, 27 (DX)when I have brought them back from the peoples and gathered them from their enemies' lands, (DY)and through them have vindicated my holiness in the sight of many nations. 28 (DZ)Then they shall know that I am the Lord their God, because I sent them into exile among the nations and then assembled them into their own land. I will leave none of them remaining among the nations anymore. 29 (EA)And I will not hide my face anymore from them, when (EB)I pour out my Spirit upon the house of Israel, declares the Lord God.”
Vision of the New Temple
40 (EC)In the twenty-fifth year (ED)of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month, (EE)in the fourteenth year after the city was struck down, on that very day, (EF)the hand of the Lord was upon me, and he brought me to the city.[k] 2 In (EG)visions of God he brought me to the land of Israel, and set me down on (EH)a very high mountain, on which was a structure like a city to the south. 3 When he brought me there, behold, there was (EI)a man whose appearance was (EJ)like bronze, with (EK)a linen cord and (EL)a measuring reed in his hand. And he was standing in the gateway. 4 And the man said to me, (EM)“Son of man, (EN)look with your eyes, and (EO)hear with your ears, and set your heart upon all that I shall show you, for you were brought here in order that I might show it to you. (EP)Declare all that you see to the house of Israel.”
The East Gate to the Outer Court
5 And behold, there was (EQ)a wall all around the outside of the temple area, and the length of the measuring reed in the man's hand was six long cubits, (ER)each being a cubit and a handbreadth[l] in length. So he measured the thickness of the wall, one reed; and the height, one reed. 6 Then he went into (ES)the gateway facing east, (ET)going up its steps, and measured the threshold of the gate, one reed deep.[m] 7 And (EU)the side rooms, one reed long and one reed broad; and the space between the side rooms, five cubits; and the threshold of the gate by the vestibule of the gate at the inner end, one reed. 8 Then he measured the vestibule of the gateway, on the inside, one reed. 9 Then he measured the vestibule of the gateway, eight cubits; (EV)and its jambs, two cubits; and the vestibule of the gate was at the inner end. 10 And there were three side rooms on either side of the east gate. (EW)The three were of the same size, and the jambs on either side were of the same size. 11 Then he measured the width of the opening of the gateway, ten cubits; and the length of the gateway, thirteen cubits. 12 There was a barrier before the side rooms, one cubit on either side. And the side rooms were six cubits on either side. 13 Then he measured the gate from the ceiling of the one side room to the ceiling of the other, a breadth of twenty-five cubits; the openings faced each other. 14 He measured also (EX)the vestibule, sixty cubits. And around the vestibule of the gateway was the court.[n] 15 From the front of the gate at the entrance to the front of the inner vestibule of the gate was fifty cubits. 16 And the gateway had (EY)windows all around, narrowing inwards toward the side rooms and toward their (EZ)jambs, and likewise the vestibule had windows all around inside, and on the jambs were (FA)palm trees.
The Outer Court
17 Then he brought me into (FB)the outer court. And behold, there were (FC)chambers and a (FD)pavement, all around the court. (FE)Thirty chambers faced the pavement. 18 And the pavement ran along the side of the gates, corresponding to the length of the gates. This was the lower pavement. 19 Then he measured the distance from the inner front of the lower gate to the outer front of the inner court,[o] a hundred cubits on the east side and on the north side.[p]
The North Gate
20 As for (FF)the gate that faced toward the north, belonging to (FG)the outer court, he measured its length and its breadth. 21 Its (FH)side rooms, three on either side, and its jambs and its vestibule were of the same size as those of (FI)the first gate. Its length was (FJ)fifty cubits, and its breadth (FK)twenty-five cubits. 22 And (FL)its windows, its vestibule, and (FM)its palm trees were of the same size as those of the gate that faced toward the east. And by seven steps (FN)people would go up to it, and find its vestibule before them. 23 And opposite the gate on the north, as on the east, was a gate to (FO)the inner court. And (FP)he measured from gate to gate, a hundred cubits.
The South Gate
24 And he led me toward the south, and behold, there was a gate on the south. And (FQ)he measured its jambs and its vestibule; they had the same size as the others. 25 Both it and its vestibule (FR)had windows all around, like the windows of the others. Its length was fifty cubits, and its breadth twenty-five cubits. 26 And there were seven steps leading up to it, and its vestibule was before them, and it had (FS)palm trees on its jambs, one on either side. 27 And there was a gate on the south of (FT)the inner court. And he measured from gate to gate toward the south, a hundred cubits.
The Inner Court
28 Then he brought me to (FU)the inner court through the south gate, and (FV)he measured the south gate. It was of the same size as the others. 29 Its (FW)side rooms, its jambs, and its vestibule were of the same size as the others, and both it and its vestibule (FX)had windows all around. (FY)Its length was fifty cubits, and its breadth twenty-five cubits. 30 And there were vestibules all around, twenty-five cubits long and five cubits broad. 31 Its vestibule faced the outer court, and (FZ)palm trees were on its jambs, and (GA)its stairway had eight steps.
32 Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side, and (GB)he measured the gate. It was of the same size as the others. 33 Its side rooms, its jambs, and its vestibule were of the same size as the others, and both it and its vestibule had windows all around. Its length was fifty cubits, and its breadth twenty-five cubits. 34 (GC)Its vestibule faced the outer court, and it had palm trees on its jambs, on either side, and its stairway had eight steps.
35 Then he brought me to (GD)the north gate, and (GE)he measured it. It had the same size as the others. 36 Its side rooms, its jambs, and its vestibule were of the same size as the others,[q] and it had windows all around. Its length was fifty cubits, and its breadth twenty-five cubits. 37 Its vestibule[r] faced the outer court, and it had palm trees on its jambs, on either side, and its stairway had eight steps.
38 There was (GF)a chamber with its door in the vestibule of the gate,[s] (GG)where the burnt offering was to be washed. 39 And in the vestibule of the gate were two (GH)tables on either side, on which the (GI)burnt offering and the (GJ)sin offering and the (GK)guilt offering were to be slaughtered. 40 And off to the side, on the outside as one goes up to the entrance of the north gate, were two tables; and off to the other side of the vestibule of the gate were two tables. 41 (GL)Four tables were on either side of the gate, eight tables, (GM)on which to slaughter. 42 And there were four tables (GN)of hewn stone for the burnt offering, a cubit and a half long, and a cubit and a half broad, and one cubit high, on which the instruments were to be laid with which the (GO)burnt offerings and the sacrifices were slaughtered. 43 And hooks,[t] a handbreadth long, were fastened all around within. And on the tables the flesh of the offering was to be laid.
Chambers for the Priests
44 On the outside of the inner gateway there were two (GP)chambers[u] in the (GQ)inner court, one[v] at the side of the north gate facing south, the other at the side of the south[w] gate facing north. 45 And he said to me, “This chamber that faces south is for the priests (GR)who have charge of the temple, 46 and the chamber that faces north is for the priests (GS)who have charge of the altar. These are (GT)the sons of Zadok, who alone[x] among the sons of Levi may come (GU)near to the Lord to minister to him.” 47 And he measured the court, (GV)a hundred cubits long and (GW)a hundred cubits broad, a square. And (GX)the altar was in front of the temple.
The Vestibule of the Temple
48 Then he brought me to (GY)the vestibule of the temple and measured the (GZ)jambs of the vestibule, five cubits on either side. And the breadth of the gate was fourteen cubits, and the sidewalls of the gate[y] were three cubits on either side. 49 (HA)The length of the vestibule was twenty cubits, and the breadth twelve[z] cubits, and people would go up to it by ten steps.[aa] And there were pillars beside the jambs, one on either side.
The Inner Temple
41 Then he brought me to (HB)the nave and measured the (HC)jambs. On each side six cubits[ab] was the breadth of the jambs.[ac] 2 And the breadth of the entrance was ten cubits, and the sidewalls of the entrance were five cubits on either side. And he measured the length of the nave,[ad] (HD)forty cubits, and its breadth, (HE)twenty cubits. 3 Then he went (HF)into the inner room and measured the jambs of the entrance, two cubits; and the entrance, six cubits; and the sidewalls on either side[ae] of the entrance, seven cubits. 4 And he measured (HG)the length of the room, twenty cubits, and its breadth, twenty cubits, across (HH)the nave. And he said to me, “This is (HI)the Most Holy Place.”
5 Then he measured the wall of the temple, six cubits thick, and the breadth of (HJ)the side chambers, four cubits, (HK)all around the temple. 6 And the side chambers were in three stories, one over another, (HL)thirty in each story. There were offsets[af] all around the wall of the temple to serve as supports for the side chambers, (HM)so that they should not be supported by the wall of the temple. 7 And it became broader as it wound upward to the side chambers, because the temple was enclosed upward all around the temple. Thus the temple had a broad area upward, and (HN)so one went up from the lowest story to the top story through the middle story. 8 I saw also that the temple had a raised platform all around; the foundations of the side chambers measured a full reed of (HO)six long cubits. 9 The thickness of the outer wall of the side chambers was five cubits. (HP)The free space between the side chambers of the temple and the 10 (HQ)other chambers was a breadth of (HR)twenty cubits all around the temple on every side. 11 And the doors of the (HS)side chambers opened on (HT)the free space, one door toward the north, and another door toward the south. And the breadth of the free space was five cubits all around.
12 The building that was facing (HU)the separate yard on the west side was seventy cubits broad, and the wall of the building was five cubits thick all around, and its length ninety cubits.
13 Then he measured the temple, (HV)a hundred cubits long; and the yard and the building with its walls, a hundred cubits long; 14 also the breadth of the east front of the temple and the yard, a hundred cubits.
The inside of the nave and the vestibules of the court, 16 (HY)the thresholds and (HZ)the narrow windows and the galleries all around the three of them, opposite the threshold, were paneled with wood all around, from the floor up to the windows (now the windows were covered), 17 to the space above the door, even to the inner room, and on the outside. And on all the walls all around, inside and outside, was a measured pattern.[ah] 18 It was carved of (IA)cherubim and (IB)palm trees, a palm tree between cherub and cherub. Every cherub had two faces: 19 (IC)a human face toward the palm tree on the one side, and the face of a young lion toward the palm tree on the other side. They were carved on the whole temple all around. 20 From the floor to above the door, cherubim and palm trees were carved; similarly the wall of the nave.
21 The doorposts of (ID)the nave were squared, and in front of (IE)the Holy Place was something resembling 22 (IF)an altar of wood, three cubits high, two cubits long, and two cubits broad.[ai] Its corners, its base,[aj] and its walls were of wood. He said to me, “This is (IG)the table that is before the Lord.” 23 The nave and the Holy Place had each (IH)a double door. 24 The double doors had two leaves apiece, (II)two swinging leaves for each door. 25 And on the doors of the nave were carved cherubim and palm trees, (IJ)such as were carved on the walls. And there was (IK)a canopy[ak] of wood in front of (IL)the vestibule outside. 26 And there were (IM)narrow windows and palm trees on either side, on the sidewalls of the vestibule, (IN)the side chambers of the temple, and the (IO)canopies.
- Ezekiel 38:2 Or Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech
- Ezekiel 38:3 Or Gog, prince of Rosh, Meshech
- Ezekiel 38:13 Hebrew young lions
- Ezekiel 38:21 Hebrew against him
- Ezekiel 39:1 Or Gog, prince of Rosh, Meshech
- Ezekiel 39:2 Or and drag you along
- Ezekiel 39:9 Or javelins
- Ezekiel 39:11 Hamon-gog means the multitude of Gog
- Ezekiel 39:14 Or Until
- Ezekiel 39:16 Hamonah means multitude
- Ezekiel 40:1 Hebrew brought me there
- Ezekiel 40:5 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters; a handbreadth was about 3 inches or 7.5 centimeters
- Ezekiel 40:6 Hebrew deep, and one threshold, one reed deep
- Ezekiel 40:14 Text uncertain; Hebrew And he made the jambs sixty cubits, and to the jamb of the court was the gateway all around
- Ezekiel 40:19 Hebrew distance from before the low gate before the inner court to the outside
- Ezekiel 40:19 Or cubits. So far the eastern gate; now to the northern gate
- Ezekiel 40:36 One manuscript (compare verses 29 and 33); most manuscripts lack were of the same size as the others
- Ezekiel 40:37 Septuagint, Vulgate (compare verses 26, 31, 34); Hebrew jambs
- Ezekiel 40:38 Hebrew at the jambs, the gates
- Ezekiel 40:43 Or shelves
- Ezekiel 40:44 Septuagint; Hebrew were chambers for singers
- Ezekiel 40:44 Hebrew lacks one
- Ezekiel 40:44 Septuagint; Hebrew east
- Ezekiel 40:46 Hebrew lacks alone
- Ezekiel 40:48 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks was fourteen cubits, and the sidewalls of the gate
- Ezekiel 40:49 Septuagint; Hebrew eleven
- Ezekiel 40:49 Septuagint; Hebrew and by steps that would go up to it
- Ezekiel 41:1 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
- Ezekiel 41:1 Compare Septuagint; Hebrew tent
- Ezekiel 41:2 Hebrew its length
- Ezekiel 41:3 Septuagint; Hebrew and the breadth
- Ezekiel 41:6 Septuagint, compare 1 Kings 6:6; the meaning of the Hebrew word is uncertain
- Ezekiel 41:15 The meaning of the Hebrew term is unknown; also verse 16
- Ezekiel 41:17 Hebrew were measurements
- Ezekiel 41:22 Septuagint; Hebrew lacks two cubits broad
- Ezekiel 41:22 Septuagint; Hebrew length
- Ezekiel 41:25 The meaning of the Hebrew word is unknown; also verse 26