New International Version
Unlawful Sexual Relations
18 The Lord said to Moses, 2 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘I am the Lord your God.(A) 3 You must not do as they do in Egypt, where you used to live, and you must not do as they do in the land of Canaan, where I am bringing you. Do not follow their practices.(B) 4 You must obey my laws(C) and be careful to follow my decrees.(D) I am the Lord your God.(E) 5 Keep my decrees and laws,(F) for the person who obeys them will live by them.(G) I am the Lord.
6 “‘No one is to approach any close relative to have sexual relations. I am the Lord.
10 “‘Do not have sexual relations with your son’s daughter or your daughter’s daughter; that would dishonor you.
11 “‘Do not have sexual relations with the daughter of your father’s wife, born to your father; she is your sister.
12 “‘Do not have sexual relations with your father’s sister;(N) she is your father’s close relative.
13 “‘Do not have sexual relations with your mother’s sister,(O) because she is your mother’s close relative.
14 “‘Do not dishonor your father’s brother by approaching his wife to have sexual relations; she is your aunt.(P)
16 “‘Do not have sexual relations with your brother’s wife;(S) that would dishonor your brother.
17 “‘Do not have sexual relations with both a woman and her daughter.(T) Do not have sexual relations with either her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter; they are her close relatives. That is wickedness.
18 “‘Do not take your wife’s sister(U) as a rival wife and have sexual relations with her while your wife is living.
20 “‘Do not have sexual relations with your neighbor’s wife(X) and defile yourself with her.
23 “‘Do not have sexual relations with an animal and defile yourself with it. A woman must not present herself to an animal to have sexual relations with it; that is a perversion.(AE)
24 “‘Do not defile yourselves in any of these ways, because this is how the nations that I am going to drive out before you(AF) became defiled.(AG) 25 Even the land was defiled;(AH) so I punished it for its sin,(AI) and the land vomited out its inhabitants.(AJ) 26 But you must keep my decrees and my laws.(AK) The native-born and the foreigners residing among you must not do any of these detestable things, 27 for all these things were done by the people who lived in the land before you, and the land became defiled. 28 And if you defile the land,(AL) it will vomit you out(AM) as it vomited out the nations that were before you.
29 “‘Everyone who does any of these detestable things—such persons must be cut off from their people. 30 Keep my requirements(AN) and do not follow any of the detestable customs that were practiced before you came and do not defile yourselves with them. I am the Lord your God.(AO)’”
5 “‘When you sacrifice a fellowship offering to the Lord, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf. 6 It shall be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day; anything left over until the third day must be burned up.(AX) 7 If any of it is eaten on the third day, it is impure and will not be accepted.(AY) 8 Whoever eats it will be held responsible(AZ) because they have desecrated what is holy(BA) to the Lord; they must be cut off from their people.(BB)
9 “‘When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges(BC) of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest.(BD) 10 Do not go over your vineyard a second time(BE) or pick up the grapes that have fallen.(BF) Leave them for the poor and the foreigner.(BG) I am the Lord your God.
11 “‘Do not steal.(BH)
“‘Do not lie.(BI)
“‘Do not deceive one another.(BJ)
16 “‘Do not go about spreading slander(BX) among your people.
“‘Do not do anything that endangers your neighbor’s life.(BY) I am the Lord.
19 “‘Keep my decrees.(CG)
“‘Do not mate different kinds of animals.
“‘Do not plant your field with two kinds of seed.(CH)
“‘Do not wear clothing woven of two kinds of material.(CI)
20 “‘If a man sleeps with a female slave who is promised to another man(CJ) but who has not been ransomed or given her freedom, there must be due punishment.[a] Yet they are not to be put to death, because she had not been freed. 21 The man, however, must bring a ram to the entrance to the tent of meeting for a guilt offering to the Lord.(CK) 22 With the ram of the guilt offering the priest is to make atonement for him before the Lord for the sin he has committed, and his sin will be forgiven.(CL)
23 “‘When you enter the land and plant any kind of fruit tree, regard its fruit as forbidden.[b] For three years you are to consider it forbidden[c]; it must not be eaten. 24 In the fourth year all its fruit will be holy,(CM) an offering of praise to the Lord. 25 But in the fifth year you may eat its fruit. In this way your harvest will be increased. I am the Lord your God.
26 “‘Do not eat any meat with the blood still in it.(CN)
27 “‘Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard.(CQ)
28 “‘Do not cut(CR) your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. I am the Lord.
33 “‘When a foreigner resides among you in your land, do not mistreat them. 34 The foreigner residing among you must be treated as your native-born.(DC) Love them as yourself,(DD) for you were foreigners(DE) in Egypt.(DF) I am the Lord your God.
35 “‘Do not use dishonest standards when measuring length, weight or quantity.(DG) 36 Use honest scales(DH) and honest weights, an honest ephah[d](DI) and an honest hin.[e](DJ) I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt.(DK)
Punishments for Sin
20 The Lord said to Moses, 2 “Say to the Israelites: ‘Any Israelite or any foreigner residing in Israel who sacrifices any of his children to Molek is to be put to death.(DN) The members of the community are to stone him.(DO) 3 I myself will set my face against him and will cut him off from his people;(DP) for by sacrificing his children to Molek, he has defiled(DQ) my sanctuary(DR) and profaned my holy name.(DS) 4 If the members of the community close their eyes when that man sacrifices one of his children to Molek and if they fail to put him to death,(DT) 5 I myself will set my face against him and his family and will cut them off from their people together with all who follow him in prostituting themselves to Molek.
6 “‘I will set my face against anyone who turns to mediums and spiritists to prostitute themselves by following them, and I will cut them off from their people.(DU)
12 “‘If a man has sexual relations with his daughter-in-law,(EI) both of them are to be put to death. What they have done is a perversion; their blood will be on their own heads.
13 “‘If a man has sexual relations with a man as one does with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable.(EJ) They are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.
16 “‘If a woman approaches an animal to have sexual relations with it, kill both the woman and the animal. They are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads.
17 “‘If a man marries his sister(EP), the daughter of either his father or his mother, and they have sexual relations, it is a disgrace. They are to be publicly removed(EQ) from their people. He has dishonored his sister and will be held responsible.(ER)
18 “‘If a man has sexual relations with a woman during her monthly period,(ES) he has exposed the source of her flow, and she has also uncovered it. Both of them are to be cut off from their people.(ET)
19 “‘Do not have sexual relations with the sister of either your mother or your father,(EU) for that would dishonor a close relative; both of you would be held responsible.
22 “‘Keep all my decrees and laws(EZ) and follow them, so that the land(FA) where I am bringing you to live may not vomit you out. 23 You must not live according to the customs of the nations(FB) I am going to drive out before you.(FC) Because they did all these things, I abhorred them.(FD) 24 But I said to you, “You will possess their land; I will give it to you as an inheritance, a land flowing with milk and honey.”(FE) I am the Lord your God, who has set you apart from the nations.(FF)
25 “‘You must therefore make a distinction between clean and unclean animals and between unclean and clean birds.(FG) Do not defile yourselves by any animal or bird or anything that moves along the ground—those that I have set apart as unclean for you. 26 You are to be holy to me(FH) because I, the Lord, am holy,(FI) and I have set you apart from the nations(FJ) to be my own.
- Leviticus 19:20 Or be an inquiry
- Leviticus 19:23 Hebrew uncircumcised
- Leviticus 19:23 Hebrew uncircumcised
- Leviticus 19:36 An ephah was a dry measure having the capacity of about 3/5 of a bushel or about 22 liters.
- Leviticus 19:36 A hin was a liquid measure having the capacity of about 1 gallon or about 3.8 liters.