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Jesus Flogged and Rejected as King

19 Pilate then took Jesus and [a](A)flogged Him. (B)And when the soldiers twisted together a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and put a purple [b]robe on Him; and they were coming to Him and saying, “(C)Hail, King of the Jews!” and were (D)giving Him slaps in the face. And Pilate (E)came out again and *said to them, “Behold, I am bringing Him out to you so that you may know that (F)I find no guilt in Him.” Jesus then came out, (G)wearing the crown of thorns and the purple [c]robe. Pilate *said to them, “Behold, the man!” So when the chief priests and the (H)officers saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify, crucify!” Pilate *said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for (I)I find no guilt in Him.” The Jews answered him, “(J)We have a law, and by that law He ought to die because He (K)made Himself out to be the Son of God.”

Therefore when Pilate heard this statement, he became more afraid; and he (L)entered into the [d]Praetorium again and *said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But (M)Jesus gave him no answer. 10 So Pilate *said to Him, “You do not speak to me? Do You not know that I have authority to release You, and I have authority to crucify You?” 11 Jesus answered, (N)You would have no authority [e]over Me, unless it had been given you from above; for this reason (O)he who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.” 12 As a result of this Pilate kept seeking to release Him, but the Jews cried out saying, “(P)If you release this man, you are no friend of Caesar; everyone who makes himself to be a king [f]opposes Caesar.”

13 Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and (Q)sat down on the judgment seat at a place called [g]The Stone Pavement, but (R)in [h]Hebrew, Gabbatha. 14 Now it was (S)the day of [i]Preparation for the Passover; it was about the [j](T)sixth hour. And he *said to the Jews, “Behold, (U)your King!” 15 So they cried out, “(V)Away with Him! Away with Him! Crucify Him!” Pilate *said to them, “Shall I crucify your King?” The chief priests answered, “We have no king but Caesar.”

The Crucifixion

16 So he then (W)delivered Him over to them to be crucified.

17 (X)They took Jesus, therefore, and He went out, [k](Y)bearing His own cross, to the place called (Z)the Place of a Skull, which is called (AA)in [l]Hebrew, Golgotha. 18 There they crucified Him, and with Him (AB)two other men, one on either side, and Jesus in between. 19 And Pilate also wrote an inscription and put it on the cross. It was written, “(AC)JESUS THE NAZARENE, (AD)THE KING OF THE JEWS.” 20 Therefore many of the Jews read this inscription, for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city; and it was written (AE)in [m]Hebrew, Latin, and in Greek. 21 So the chief priests of the Jews were saying to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘(AF)The King of the Jews;’ but that He said, ‘I am (AG)King of the Jews.’” 22 Pilate answered, “(AH)What I have written I have written.”

23 Then (AI)the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took His garments and made (AJ)four parts, a part to each soldier and also His [n]tunic; now that tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from the top. 24 So they said to one another, “(AK)Let us not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it shall be;” (AL)this was in order that the Scripture would be fulfilled: “They (AM)divided My garments among them, and for My clothing they cast [o]lots.” 25 Therefore the soldiers did these things.

(AN)But standing by the cross of Jesus were (AO)His mother, and His mother’s sister, Mary the wife of Clopas, and (AP)Mary Magdalene. 26 When Jesus then saw His mother, and (AQ)the disciple whom He loved standing nearby, He *said to His mother, (AR)Woman, behold, your son!” 27 Then He *said to the disciple, “Behold, your mother!” From that hour the disciple took her into (AS)his home.

Scripture Fulfilled—It Is Finished

28 After this, Jesus, (AT)knowing that all things had already been finished, (AU)in order [p]to finish the Scripture, *said, (AV)I am thirsty.” 29 A jar full of sour wine was standing there; so (AW)they put a sponge full of the sour wine upon a branch of hyssop and brought it up to His mouth. 30 Therefore when Jesus had received the sour wine, He said, (AX)It is finished!” And bowing His head, He (AY)gave up His spirit.

31 Then the Jews, because it was (AZ)the day of Preparation, so that (BA)the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath ([q]for that Sabbath was a (BB)high day), asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away. 32 So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who was (BC)crucified with Him; 33 but coming to Jesus, when they saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. 34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately (BD)blood and water came out. 35 And he who has seen has (BE)borne witness, and his witness is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you also may believe. 36 For these things came to pass (BF)in order that the Scripture would be fulfilled, “(BG)Not a bone of Him shall be [r]broken.” 37 And again another Scripture says, “(BH)They shall look on Him whom they pierced.”

Jesus Is Buried

38 (BI)Now after these things Joseph of Arimathea, being a disciple of Jesus, but (BJ)secretly because of his (BK)fear of the Jews, asked Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus; and Pilate granted permission. So he came and took away His body. 39 (BL)And Nicodemus, who had first come to Him by night, also came, (BM)bringing a [s]mixture of (BN)myrrh and aloes, weighing about [t]one (BO)hundred litras. 40 So they took the body of Jesus and (BP)bound it in (BQ)linen wrappings with the spices, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 41 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden a (BR)new tomb (BS)in which no one had yet been laid. 42 Therefore because of the Jewish day of (BT)Preparation, since the tomb was (BU)nearby, they laid Jesus there.


  1. John 19:1 Or had Him flogged
  2. John 19:2 Lit garment
  3. John 19:5 Lit garment
  4. John 19:9 Governor’s official residence
  5. John 19:11 Lit against
  6. John 19:12 Or speaks against
  7. John 19:13 Gr The Lithostrotos
  8. John 19:13 Jewish Aramaic
  9. John 19:14 Preparation for the Sabbath
  10. John 19:14 6 a.m.
  11. John 19:17 Lit bearing the cross for Himself
  12. John 19:17 Jewish Aramaic
  13. John 19:20 Jewish Aramaic
  14. John 19:23 Gr khiton, the garment worn next to the skin
  15. John 19:24 Lit a lot
  16. John 19:28 Lit Scripture would be finished
  17. John 19:31 Lit for the day of that Sabbath was great
  18. John 19:36 Or crushed, shattered
  19. John 19:39 Two early mss package of
  20. John 19:39 Approx. 75 lb. or 34 kg