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43 Terror, pits, and traps[a] are in store
for the people who live in Moab.[b]
I, the Lord, affirm it![c]
44 Anyone who flees at the sound of terror
will fall into a pit.
Anyone who climbs out of the pit
will be caught in a trap.[d]
For the time is coming
when I will punish the people of Moab.[e]
I, the Lord, affirm it![f]

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  1. Jeremiah 48:43 sn There is an extended use of assonance here and in the parallel passage in Isa 24:17. The Hebrew text reads פַּחַד וָפַחַת וָפָח (pakhad vafakhat vafakh). The assonance is intended to underscore the extensive trouble that is in store for them.
  2. Jeremiah 48:43 tn Heb “are upon you, inhabitant of Moab.” This is another example of the rapid switch in person, or direct address (apostrophe) in the midst of a third person description or prediction, which the present translation typically keeps in the third person for smoother English style.
  3. Jeremiah 48:43 tn Heb “Oracle of the Lord.”
  4. Jeremiah 48:44 sn Jer 48:43-44a are in the main the same as Isa 24:17-18, which shows that the judgment was somewhat proverbial. For a very similar kind of argumentation see Amos 5:19; judgment is unavoidable.
  5. Jeremiah 48:44 tn Heb “For I will bring upon her, even upon Moab, the year of her punishment.”
  6. Jeremiah 48:44 tn Heb “Oracle of the Lord.”