12 “But when the seventy years(A) are fulfilled, I will punish the king of Babylon(B) and his nation, the land of the Babylonians,[a] for their guilt,” declares the Lord, “and will make it desolate(C) forever. 13 I will bring on that land all the things I have spoken against it, all that are written(D) in this book and prophesied by Jeremiah against all the nations. 14 They themselves will be enslaved(E) by many nations(F) and great kings; I will repay(G) them according to their deeds and the work of their hands.”

The Cup of God’s Wrath

15 This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, said to me: “Take from my hand this cup(H) filled with the wine of my wrath and make all the nations to whom I send(I) you drink it. 16 When they drink(J) it, they will stagger(K) and go mad(L) because of the sword(M) I will send among them.”

17 So I took the cup from the Lord’s hand and made all the nations to whom he sent(N) me drink it: 18 Jerusalem(O) and the towns of Judah, its kings and officials, to make them a ruin(P) and an object of horror and scorn,(Q) a curse[b](R)—as they are today;(S) 19 Pharaoh king(T) of Egypt,(U) his attendants, his officials and all his people, 20 and all the foreign people there; all the kings of Uz;(V) all the kings of the Philistines(W) (those of Ashkelon,(X) Gaza,(Y) Ekron, and the people left at Ashdod); 21 Edom,(Z) Moab(AA) and Ammon;(AB) 22 all the kings of Tyre(AC) and Sidon;(AD) the kings of the coastlands(AE) across the sea; 23 Dedan,(AF) Tema,(AG) Buz(AH) and all who are in distant places[c];(AI) 24 all the kings of Arabia(AJ) and all the kings of the foreign people(AK) who live in the wilderness; 25 all the kings of Zimri,(AL) Elam(AM) and Media;(AN) 26 and all the kings of the north,(AO) near and far, one after the other—all the kingdoms(AP) on the face of the earth. And after all of them, the king of Sheshak[d](AQ) will drink it too.

27 “Then tell them, ‘This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: Drink, get drunk(AR) and vomit, and fall to rise no more because of the sword(AS) I will send among you.’ 28 But if they refuse to take the cup from your hand and drink(AT), tell them, ‘This is what the Lord Almighty says: You must drink it! 29 See, I am beginning to bring disaster(AU) on the city that bears my Name,(AV) and will you indeed go unpunished?(AW) You will not go unpunished, for I am calling down a sword(AX) on all(AY) who live on the earth,(AZ) declares the Lord Almighty.’

30 “Now prophesy all these words against them and say to them:

“‘The Lord will roar(BA) from on high;
    he will thunder(BB) from his holy dwelling(BC)
    and roar mightily against his land.
He will shout like those who tread(BD) the grapes,
    shout against all who live on the earth.
31 The tumult(BE) will resound to the ends of the earth,
    for the Lord will bring charges(BF) against the nations;
he will bring judgment(BG) on all(BH) mankind
    and put the wicked to the sword,(BI)’”
declares the Lord.

32 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“Look! Disaster(BJ) is spreading
    from nation to nation;(BK)
a mighty storm(BL) is rising
    from the ends of the earth.”(BM)

33 At that time those slain(BN) by the Lord will be everywhere—from one end of the earth to the other. They will not be mourned or gathered(BO) up or buried,(BP) but will be like dung lying on the ground.

34 Weep and wail, you shepherds;(BQ)
    roll(BR) in the dust, you leaders of the flock.
For your time to be slaughtered(BS) has come;
    you will fall like the best of the rams.[e](BT)
35 The shepherds will have nowhere to flee,
    the leaders of the flock no place to escape.(BU)
36 Hear the cry(BV) of the shepherds,(BW)
    the wailing of the leaders of the flock,
    for the Lord is destroying their pasture.
37 The peaceful meadows will be laid waste
    because of the fierce anger of the Lord.
38 Like a lion(BX) he will leave his lair,
    and their land will become desolate(BY)
because of the sword[f] of the oppressor(BZ)
    and because of the Lord’s fierce anger.(CA)

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  1. Jeremiah 25:12 Or Chaldeans
  2. Jeremiah 25:18 That is, their names to be used in cursing (see 29:22); or, to be seen by others as cursed
  3. Jeremiah 25:23 Or who clip the hair by their foreheads
  4. Jeremiah 25:26 Sheshak is a cryptogram for Babylon.
  5. Jeremiah 25:34 Septuagint; Hebrew fall and be shattered like fine pottery
  6. Jeremiah 25:38 Some Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint (see also 46:16 and 50:16); most Hebrew manuscripts anger

Judah to Serve Nebuchadnezzar

27 Early in the reign of Zedekiah[a](A) son of Josiah king of Judah, this word came to Jeremiah from the Lord: This is what the Lord said to me: “Make a yoke(B) out of straps and crossbars and put it on your neck. Then send(C) word to the kings of Edom, Moab, Ammon,(D) Tyre and Sidon(E) through the envoys who have come to Jerusalem to Zedekiah king of Judah. Give them a message for their masters and say, ‘This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: “Tell this to your masters: With my great power and outstretched arm(F) I made(G) the earth and its people and the animals(H) that are on it, and I give(I) it to anyone I please. Now I will give all your countries into the hands of my servant(J) Nebuchadnezzar(K) king of Babylon; I will make even the wild animals subject to him.(L) All nations will serve(M) him and his son and his grandson until the time(N) for his land comes; then many nations and great kings will subjugate(O) him.

“‘“If, however, any nation or kingdom will not serve Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon or bow its neck under his yoke, I will punish(P) that nation with the sword,(Q) famine(R) and plague,(S) declares the Lord, until I destroy it by his hand. So do not listen to your prophets,(T) your diviners,(U) your interpreters of dreams,(V) your mediums(W) or your sorcerers(X) who tell you, ‘You will not serve(Y) the king of Babylon.’ 10 They prophesy lies(Z) to you that will only serve to remove(AA) you far from your lands; I will banish you and you will perish. 11 But if any nation will bow its neck under the yoke(AB) of the king of Babylon and serve him, I will let that nation remain in its own land to till it and to live(AC) there, declares the Lord.”’”

12 I gave the same message to Zedekiah king of Judah. I said, “Bow your neck under the yoke(AD) of the king of Babylon; serve him and his people, and you will live.(AE) 13 Why will you and your people die(AF) by the sword, famine and plague(AG) with which the Lord has threatened any nation that will not serve the king of Babylon? 14 Do not listen(AH) to the words of the prophets(AI) who say to you, ‘You will not serve the king of Babylon,’ for they are prophesying lies(AJ) to you. 15 ‘I have not sent(AK) them,’ declares the Lord. ‘They are prophesying lies in my name.(AL) Therefore, I will banish you and you will perish,(AM) both you and the prophets who prophesy to you.’”

16 Then I said to the priests and all these people, “This is what the Lord says: Do not listen to the prophets who say, ‘Very soon now the articles(AN) from the Lord’s house will be brought back from Babylon.’ They are prophesying lies to you. 17 Do not listen(AO) to them. Serve the king of Babylon, and you will live.(AP) Why should this city become a ruin? 18 If they are prophets and have the word of the Lord, let them plead(AQ) with the Lord Almighty that the articles remaining in the house of the Lord and in the palace of the king of Judah and in Jerusalem not be taken to Babylon. 19 For this is what the Lord Almighty says about the pillars, the bronze Sea,(AR) the movable stands and the other articles(AS) that are left in this city, 20 which Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon did not take away when he carried(AT) Jehoiachin[b](AU) son of Jehoiakim king of Judah into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon, along with all the nobles of Judah and Jerusalem— 21 yes, this is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says about the things that are left in the house of the Lord and in the palace of the king of Judah and in Jerusalem:

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  1. Jeremiah 27:1 A few Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac (see also 27:3,12 and 28:1); most Hebrew manuscripts Jehoiakim (Most Septuagint manuscripts do not have this verse.)
  2. Jeremiah 27:20 Hebrew Jeconiah, a variant of Jehoiachin

A Message About Egypt

46 This is the word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the nations:(A)

Concerning Egypt:(B)

This is the message against the army of Pharaoh Necho(C) king of Egypt, which was defeated at Carchemish(D) on the Euphrates(E) River by Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon in the fourth year of Jehoiakim(F) son of Josiah king of Judah:

“Prepare your shields,(G) both large and small,
    and march out for battle!
Harness the horses,
    mount the steeds!
Take your positions
    with helmets on!
Polish(H) your spears,
    put on your armor!(I)
What do I see?
    They are terrified,
they are retreating,
    their warriors are defeated.
They flee(J) in haste
    without looking back,
    and there is terror(K) on every side,”
declares the Lord.
“The swift cannot flee(L)
    nor the strong escape.
In the north by the River Euphrates(M)
    they stumble and fall.(N)

“Who is this that rises like the Nile,
    like rivers of surging waters?(O)
Egypt rises like the Nile,(P)
    like rivers of surging waters.
She says, ‘I will rise and cover the earth;
    I will destroy cities and their people.’(Q)
Charge, you horses!
    Drive furiously, you charioteers!(R)
March on, you warriors—men of Cush[a](S) and Put who carry shields,
    men of Lydia(T) who draw the bow.
10 But that day(U) belongs to the Lord, the Lord Almighty—
    a day of vengeance(V), for vengeance on his foes.
The sword will devour(W) till it is satisfied,
    till it has quenched its thirst with blood.(X)
For the Lord, the Lord Almighty, will offer sacrifice(Y)
    in the land of the north by the River Euphrates.(Z)

11 “Go up to Gilead and get balm,(AA)
    Virgin(AB) Daughter Egypt.
But you try many medicines in vain;
    there is no healing(AC) for you.
12 The nations will hear of your shame;
    your cries will fill the earth.
One warrior will stumble over another;
    both will fall(AD) down together.”

13 This is the message the Lord spoke to Jeremiah the prophet about the coming of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon(AE) to attack Egypt:(AF)

14 “Announce this in Egypt, and proclaim it in Migdol;
    proclaim it also in Memphis(AG) and Tahpanhes:(AH)
‘Take your positions and get ready,
    for the sword devours(AI) those around you.’
15 Why will your warriors be laid low?
    They cannot stand, for the Lord will push them down.(AJ)
16 They will stumble(AK) repeatedly;
    they will fall(AL) over each other.
They will say, ‘Get up, let us go back
    to our own people(AM) and our native lands,
    away from the sword of the oppressor.’(AN)
17 There they will exclaim,
    ‘Pharaoh king of Egypt is only a loud noise;(AO)
    he has missed his opportunity.(AP)

18 “As surely as I live,” declares the King,(AQ)
    whose name is the Lord Almighty,
“one will come who is like Tabor(AR) among the mountains,
    like Carmel(AS) by the sea.
19 Pack your belongings for exile,(AT)
    you who live in Egypt,
for Memphis(AU) will be laid waste(AV)
    and lie in ruins without inhabitant.

20 “Egypt is a beautiful heifer,
    but a gadfly is coming
    against her from the north.(AW)
21 The mercenaries(AX) in her ranks
    are like fattened calves.(AY)
They too will turn and flee(AZ) together,
    they will not stand their ground,
for the day(BA) of disaster is coming upon them,
    the time(BB) for them to be punished.
22 Egypt will hiss like a fleeing serpent
    as the enemy advances in force;
they will come against her with axes,
    like men who cut down trees.(BC)
23 They will chop down her forest,”
declares the Lord,
    “dense though it be.
They are more numerous than locusts,(BD)
    they cannot be counted.
24 Daughter Egypt will be put to shame,
    given into the hands of the people of the north.(BE)

25 The Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says: “I am about to bring punishment on Amon god of Thebes,(BF) on Pharaoh,(BG) on Egypt and her gods(BH) and her kings, and on those who rely(BI) on Pharaoh. 26 I will give them into the hands(BJ) of those who want to kill them—Nebuchadnezzar king(BK) of Babylon and his officers. Later, however, Egypt will be inhabited(BL) as in times past,” declares the Lord.

27 “Do not be afraid,(BM) Jacob(BN) my servant;(BO)
    do not be dismayed, Israel.
I will surely save you out of a distant place,
    your descendants from the land of their exile.(BP)
Jacob will again have peace and security,
    and no one will make him afraid.
28 Do not be afraid, Jacob my servant,
    for I am with you,”(BQ) declares the Lord.
“Though I completely destroy(BR) all the nations
    among which I scatter you,
    I will not completely destroy you.
I will discipline you but only in due measure;
    I will not let you go entirely unpunished.”

A Message About the Philistines

47 This is the word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning the Philistines(BS) before Pharaoh attacked Gaza:(BT)

This is what the Lord says:

“See how the waters are rising in the north;(BU)
    they will become an overflowing torrent.
They will overflow the land and everything in it,
    the towns and those who live in them.
The people will cry out;
    all who dwell in the land will wail(BV)
at the sound of the hooves of galloping steeds,
    at the noise of enemy chariots(BW)
    and the rumble of their wheels.
Parents will not turn to help their children;
    their hands will hang limp.(BX)
For the day has come
    to destroy all the Philistines
and to remove all survivors
    who could help Tyre(BY) and Sidon.(BZ)
The Lord is about to destroy the Philistines,(CA)
    the remnant from the coasts of Caphtor.[b](CB)
Gaza will shave(CC) her head in mourning;
    Ashkelon(CD) will be silenced.
You remnant on the plain,
    how long will you cut(CE) yourselves?

“‘Alas, sword(CF) of the Lord,
    how long till you rest?
Return to your sheath;
    cease and be still.’(CG)
But how can it rest
    when the Lord has commanded it,
when he has ordered it
    to attack Ashkelon and the coast?”(CH)

A Message About Moab(CI)

48 Concerning Moab:(CJ)

This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“Woe to Nebo,(CK) for it will be ruined.
    Kiriathaim(CL) will be disgraced and captured;
    the stronghold[c] will be disgraced and shattered.
Moab will be praised(CM) no more;
    in Heshbon[d](CN) people will plot her downfall:
    ‘Come, let us put an end to that nation.’(CO)
You, the people of Madmen,[e] will also be silenced;
    the sword will pursue you.
Cries of anguish arise from Horonaim,(CP)
    cries of great havoc and destruction.
Moab will be broken;
    her little ones will cry out.[f]
They go up the hill to Luhith,(CQ)
    weeping bitterly as they go;
on the road down to Horonaim(CR)
    anguished cries over the destruction are heard.
Flee!(CS) Run for your lives;
    become like a bush[g] in the desert.(CT)
Since you trust in your deeds and riches,(CU)
    you too will be taken captive,
and Chemosh(CV) will go into exile,(CW)
    together with his priests and officials.(CX)
The destroyer(CY) will come against every town,
    and not a town will escape.
The valley will be ruined
    and the plateau(CZ) destroyed,
    because the Lord has spoken.
Put salt(DA) on Moab,
    for she will be laid waste[h];(DB)
her towns will become desolate,
    with no one to live in them.

10 “A curse on anyone who is lax in doing the Lord’s work!
    A curse on anyone who keeps their sword(DC) from bloodshed!(DD)

11 “Moab has been at rest(DE) from youth,
    like wine left on its dregs,(DF)
not poured from one jar to another—
    she has not gone into exile.
So she tastes as she did,
    and her aroma is unchanged.
12 But days are coming,”
    declares the Lord,
“when I will send men who pour from pitchers,
    and they will pour her out;
they will empty her pitchers
    and smash her jars.
13 Then Moab will be ashamed(DG) of Chemosh,(DH)
    as Israel was ashamed
    when they trusted in Bethel.(DI)

14 “How can you say, ‘We are warriors,(DJ)
    men valiant in battle’?
15 Moab will be destroyed and her towns invaded;
    her finest young men(DK) will go down in the slaughter,(DL)
    declares the King,(DM) whose name is the Lord Almighty.(DN)
16 “The fall of Moab is at hand;(DO)
    her calamity will come quickly.
17 Mourn for her, all who live around her,
    all who know her fame;(DP)
say, ‘How broken is the mighty scepter,(DQ)
    how broken the glorious staff!’

18 “Come down from your glory
    and sit on the parched ground,(DR)
    you inhabitants of Daughter Dibon,(DS)
for the one who destroys Moab
    will come up against you
    and ruin your fortified cities.(DT)
19 Stand by the road and watch,
    you who live in Aroer.(DU)
Ask the man fleeing and the woman escaping,
    ask them, ‘What has happened?’
20 Moab is disgraced, for she is shattered.
    Wail(DV) and cry out!
Announce by the Arnon(DW)
    that Moab is destroyed.
21 Judgment has come to the plateau(DX)
    to Holon,(DY) Jahzah(DZ) and Mephaath,(EA)
22     to Dibon,(EB) Nebo(EC) and Beth Diblathaim,
23     to Kiriathaim,(ED) Beth Gamul and Beth Meon,(EE)
24     to Kerioth(EF) and Bozrah(EG)
    to all the towns(EH) of Moab, far and near.
25 Moab’s horn[i](EI) is cut off;
    her arm(EJ) is broken,”
declares the Lord.

26 “Make her drunk,(EK)
    for she has defied(EL) the Lord.
Let Moab wallow in her vomit;(EM)
    let her be an object of ridicule.(EN)
27 Was not Israel the object of your ridicule?(EO)
    Was she caught among thieves,(EP)
that you shake your head(EQ) in scorn(ER)
    whenever you speak of her?
28 Abandon your towns and dwell among the rocks,
    you who live in Moab.
Be like a dove(ES) that makes its nest
    at the mouth of a cave.(ET)

29 “We have heard of Moab’s pride(EU)
    how great is her arrogance!—
of her insolence, her pride, her conceit
    and the haughtiness(EV) of her heart.
30 I know her insolence but it is futile,”
declares the Lord,
    “and her boasts(EW) accomplish nothing.
31 Therefore I wail(EX) over Moab,
    for all Moab I cry out,
    I moan for the people of Kir Hareseth.(EY)
32 I weep for you, as Jazer(EZ) weeps,
    you vines of Sibmah.(FA)
Your branches spread as far as the sea[j];
    they reached as far as[k] Jazer.
The destroyer has fallen
    on your ripened fruit and grapes.
33 Joy and gladness are gone
    from the orchards and fields of Moab.
I have stopped the flow of wine(FB) from the presses;
    no one treads them with shouts of joy.(FC)
Although there are shouts,
    they are not shouts of joy.

34 “The sound of their cry rises
    from Heshbon(FD) to Elealeh(FE) and Jahaz,(FF)
from Zoar(FG) as far as Horonaim(FH) and Eglath Shelishiyah,
    for even the waters of Nimrim are dried up.(FI)
35 In Moab I will put an end
    to those who make offerings on the high places(FJ)
    and burn incense(FK) to their gods,”
declares the Lord.
36 “So my heart laments(FL) for Moab like the music of a pipe;
    it laments like a pipe for the people of Kir Hareseth.(FM)
    The wealth they acquired(FN) is gone.
37 Every head is shaved(FO)
    and every beard(FP) cut off;
every hand is slashed
    and every waist is covered with sackcloth.(FQ)
38 On all the roofs in Moab
    and in the public squares(FR)
there is nothing but mourning,
    for I have broken Moab
    like a jar(FS) that no one wants,”
declares the Lord.
39 “How shattered(FT) she is! How they wail!
    How Moab turns her back in shame!
Moab has become an object of ridicule,(FU)
    an object of horror to all those around her.”

40 This is what the Lord says:

“Look! An eagle is swooping(FV) down,
    spreading its wings(FW) over Moab.
41 Kerioth[l](FX) will be captured
    and the strongholds taken.
In that day the hearts of Moab’s warriors(FY)
    will be like the heart of a woman in labor.(FZ)
42 Moab will be destroyed(GA) as a nation(GB)
    because she defied(GC) the Lord.
43 Terror(GD) and pit and snare(GE) await you,
    you people of Moab,”
declares the Lord.
44 “Whoever flees(GF) from the terror
    will fall into a pit,
whoever climbs out of the pit
    will be caught in a snare;
for I will bring on Moab
    the year(GG) of her punishment,”
declares the Lord.

45 “In the shadow of Heshbon
    the fugitives stand helpless,
for a fire has gone out from Heshbon,
    a blaze from the midst of Sihon;(GH)
it burns the foreheads of Moab,
    the skulls(GI) of the noisy boasters.
46 Woe to you, Moab!(GJ)
    The people of Chemosh are destroyed;
your sons are taken into exile
    and your daughters into captivity.

47 “Yet I will restore(GK) the fortunes of Moab
    in days to come,”
declares the Lord.

Here ends the judgment on Moab.

A Message About Ammon

49 Concerning the Ammonites:(GL)

This is what the Lord says:

“Has Israel no sons?
    Has Israel no heir?
Why then has Molek[m](GM) taken possession of Gad?(GN)
    Why do his people live in its towns?
But the days are coming,”
    declares the Lord,
“when I will sound the battle cry(GO)
    against Rabbah(GP) of the Ammonites;
it will become a mound of ruins,(GQ)
    and its surrounding villages will be set on fire.
Then Israel will drive out
    those who drove her out,(GR)
says the Lord.
“Wail, Heshbon,(GS) for Ai(GT) is destroyed!
    Cry out, you inhabitants of Rabbah!
Put on sackcloth(GU) and mourn;
    rush here and there inside the walls,
for Molek(GV) will go into exile,(GW)
    together with his priests and officials.
Why do you boast of your valleys,
    boast of your valleys so fruitful?
Unfaithful Daughter Ammon,(GX)
    you trust in your riches(GY) and say,
    ‘Who will attack me?’(GZ)
I will bring terror on you
    from all those around you,”
declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty.
“Every one of you will be driven away,
    and no one will gather the fugitives.(HA)

“Yet afterward, I will restore(HB) the fortunes of the Ammonites,”
declares the Lord.

A Message About Edom(HC)(HD)

Concerning Edom:(HE)

This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“Is there no longer wisdom in Teman?(HF)
    Has counsel perished from the prudent?
    Has their wisdom decayed?
Turn and flee, hide in deep caves,(HG)
    you who live in Dedan,(HH)
for I will bring disaster on Esau
    at the time when I punish him.
If grape pickers came to you,
    would they not leave a few grapes?
If thieves came during the night,
    would they not steal only as much as they wanted?
10 But I will strip Esau bare;
    I will uncover his hiding places,(HI)
    so that he cannot conceal himself.
His armed men are destroyed,
    also his allies and neighbors,
    so there is no one(HJ) to say,
11 ‘Leave your fatherless children;(HK) I will keep them alive.
    Your widows(HL) too can depend on me.’”

12 This is what the Lord says: “If those who do not deserve to drink the cup(HM) must drink it, why should you go unpunished?(HN) You will not go unpunished, but must drink it. 13 I swear(HO) by myself,” declares the Lord, “that Bozrah(HP) will become a ruin and a curse,[n] an object of horror(HQ) and reproach;(HR) and all its towns will be in ruins forever.”(HS)

14 I have heard a message from the Lord;
    an envoy was sent to the nations to say,
“Assemble yourselves to attack it!
    Rise up for battle!”

15 “Now I will make you small among the nations,
    despised by mankind.
16 The terror you inspire
    and the pride(HT) of your heart have deceived you,
you who live in the clefts of the rocks,(HU)
    who occupy the heights of the hill.
Though you build your nest(HV) as high as the eagle’s,
    from there I will bring you down,”
declares the Lord.
17 “Edom will become an object of horror;(HW)
    all who pass by will be appalled and will scoff
    because of all its wounds.(HX)
18 As Sodom(HY) and Gomorrah(HZ) were overthrown,
    along with their neighboring towns,”
says the Lord,
“so no one will live there;
    no people will dwell(IA) in it.

19 “Like a lion(IB) coming up from Jordan’s thickets(IC)
    to a rich pastureland,
I will chase Edom from its land in an instant.
    Who is the chosen one I will appoint for this?
Who is like(ID) me and who can challenge me?(IE)
    And what shepherd(IF) can stand against me?”

20 Therefore, hear what the Lord has planned against Edom,(IG)
    what he has purposed(IH) against those who live in Teman:(II)
The young of the flock(IJ) will be dragged away;
    their pasture will be appalled at their fate.(IK)
21 At the sound of their fall the earth will tremble;(IL)
    their cry(IM) will resound to the Red Sea.[o]
22 Look! An eagle will soar and swoop(IN) down,
    spreading its wings over Bozrah.(IO)
In that day the hearts of Edom’s warriors(IP)
    will be like the heart of a woman in labor.(IQ)

A Message About Damascus

23 Concerning Damascus:(IR)

“Hamath(IS) and Arpad(IT) are dismayed,
    for they have heard bad news.
They are disheartened,
    troubled like[p] the restless sea.(IU)
24 Damascus has become feeble,
    she has turned to flee
    and panic has gripped her;
anguish and pain have seized her,
    pain like that of a woman in labor.(IV)
25 Why has the city of renown not been abandoned,
    the town in which I delight?
26 Surely, her young men(IW) will fall in the streets;
    all her soldiers will be silenced(IX) in that day,”
declares the Lord Almighty.
27 “I will set fire(IY) to the walls of Damascus;(IZ)
    it will consume(JA) the fortresses of Ben-Hadad.(JB)

A Message About Kedar and Hazor

28 Concerning Kedar(JC) and the kingdoms of Hazor,(JD) which Nebuchadnezzar(JE) king of Babylon attacked:

This is what the Lord says:

“Arise, and attack Kedar
    and destroy the people of the East.(JF)
29 Their tents and their flocks(JG) will be taken;
    their shelters will be carried off
    with all their goods and camels.
People will shout to them,
    ‘Terror(JH) on every side!’

30 “Flee quickly away!
    Stay in deep caves,(JI) you who live in Hazor,(JJ)
declares the Lord.
“Nebuchadnezzar(JK) king of Babylon has plotted against you;
    he has devised a plan against you.

31 “Arise and attack a nation at ease,
    which lives in confidence,”
declares the Lord,
“a nation that has neither gates nor bars;(JL)
    its people live far from danger.
32 Their camels(JM) will become plunder,
    and their large herds(JN) will be spoils of war.
I will scatter to the winds(JO) those who are in distant places[q](JP)
    and will bring disaster on them from every side,”
declares the Lord.
33 “Hazor(JQ) will become a haunt of jackals,(JR)
    a desolate(JS) place forever.
No one will live there;
    no people will dwell(JT) in it.”

A Message About Elam

34 This is the word of the Lord that came to Jeremiah the prophet concerning Elam,(JU) early in the reign of Zedekiah(JV) king of Judah:

35 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“See, I will break the bow(JW) of Elam,
    the mainstay of their might.
36 I will bring against Elam the four winds(JX)
    from the four quarters of heaven;(JY)
I will scatter them to the four winds,
    and there will not be a nation
    where Elam’s exiles do not go.
37 I will shatter Elam before their foes,
    before those who want to kill them;
I will bring disaster on them,
    even my fierce anger,”(JZ)
declares the Lord.
“I will pursue them with the sword(KA)
    until I have made an end of them.
38 I will set my throne in Elam
    and destroy her king and officials,”
declares the Lord.

39 “Yet I will restore(KB) the fortunes of Elam
    in days to come,”
declares the Lord.

A Message About Babylon(KC)

50 This is the word the Lord spoke through Jeremiah the prophet concerning Babylon(KD) and the land of the Babylonians[r]:

“Announce and proclaim(KE) among the nations,
    lift up a banner(KF) and proclaim it;
    keep nothing back, but say,
‘Babylon will be captured;(KG)
    Bel(KH) will be put to shame,(KI)
    Marduk(KJ) filled with terror.
Her images will be put to shame
    and her idols(KK) filled with terror.’
A nation from the north(KL) will attack her
    and lay waste her land.
No one will live(KM) in it;
    both people and animals(KN) will flee away.

“In those days, at that time,”
    declares the Lord,
“the people of Israel and the people of Judah together(KO)
    will go in tears(KP) to seek(KQ) the Lord their God.
They will ask the way(KR) to Zion
    and turn their faces toward it.
They will come(KS) and bind themselves to the Lord
    in an everlasting covenant(KT)
    that will not be forgotten.

“My people have been lost sheep;(KU)
    their shepherds(KV) have led them astray(KW)
    and caused them to roam on the mountains.
They wandered over mountain and hill(KX)
    and forgot their own resting place.(KY)
Whoever found them devoured(KZ) them;
    their enemies said, ‘We are not guilty,(LA)
for they sinned against the Lord, their verdant pasture,
    the Lord, the hope(LB) of their ancestors.’

“Flee(LC) out of Babylon;(LD)
    leave the land of the Babylonians,
    and be like the goats that lead the flock.
For I will stir(LE) up and bring against Babylon
    an alliance of great nations(LF) from the land of the north.(LG)
They will take up their positions against her,
    and from the north she will be captured.(LH)
Their arrows(LI) will be like skilled warriors
    who do not return empty-handed.
10 So Babylonia[s] will be plundered;(LJ)
    all who plunder her will have their fill,”
declares the Lord.

11 “Because you rejoice and are glad,
    you who pillage my inheritance,(LK)
because you frolic like a heifer(LL) threshing grain
    and neigh like stallions,
12 your mother will be greatly ashamed;
    she who gave you birth will be disgraced.(LM)
She will be the least of the nations—
    a wilderness, a dry land, a desert.(LN)
13 Because of the Lord’s anger she will not be inhabited
    but will be completely desolate.(LO)
All who pass Babylon will be appalled;(LP)
    they will scoff(LQ) because of all her wounds.(LR)

14 “Take up your positions around Babylon,
    all you who draw the bow.(LS)
Shoot at her! Spare no arrows,(LT)
    for she has sinned against the Lord.
15 Shout(LU) against her on every side!
    She surrenders, her towers fall,
    her walls(LV) are torn down.
Since this is the vengeance(LW) of the Lord,
    take vengeance on her;
    do to her(LX) as she has done to others.(LY)
16 Cut off from Babylon the sower,
    and the reaper with his sickle at harvest.
Because of the sword(LZ) of the oppressor
    let everyone return to their own people,(MA)
    let everyone flee to their own land.(MB)

17 “Israel is a scattered flock(MC)
    that lions(MD) have chased away.
The first to devour(ME) them
    was the king(MF) of Assyria;
the last to crush their bones(MG)
    was Nebuchadnezzar(MH) king(MI) of Babylon.”

18 Therefore this is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“I will punish the king of Babylon and his land
    as I punished the king(MJ) of Assyria.(MK)
19 But I will bring(ML) Israel back to their own pasture,
    and they will graze on Carmel and Bashan;
their appetite will be satisfied(MM)
    on the hills(MN) of Ephraim and Gilead.(MO)
20 In those days, at that time,”
    declares the Lord,
“search will be made for Israel’s guilt,
    but there will be none,(MP)
and for the sins(MQ) of Judah,
    but none will be found,
    for I will forgive(MR) the remnant(MS) I spare.

21 “Attack the land of Merathaim
    and those who live in Pekod.(MT)
Pursue, kill and completely destroy[t] them,”
declares the Lord.
    “Do everything I have commanded you.
22 The noise(MU) of battle is in the land,
    the noise of great destruction!
23 How broken and shattered
    is the hammer(MV) of the whole earth!(MW)
How desolate(MX) is Babylon
    among the nations!
24 I set a trap(MY) for you, Babylon,
    and you were caught before you knew it;
you were found and captured(MZ)
    because you opposed(NA) the Lord.
25 The Lord has opened his arsenal
    and brought out the weapons(NB) of his wrath,
for the Sovereign Lord Almighty has work to do
    in the land of the Babylonians.(NC)
26 Come against her from afar.(ND)
    Break open her granaries;
    pile her up like heaps of grain.(NE)
Completely destroy(NF) her
    and leave her no remnant.
27 Kill all her young bulls;(NG)
    let them go down to the slaughter!(NH)
Woe to them! For their day(NI) has come,
    the time(NJ) for them to be punished.
28 Listen to the fugitives(NK) and refugees from Babylon
    declaring in Zion(NL)
how the Lord our God has taken vengeance,(NM)
    vengeance for his temple.(NN)

29 “Summon archers against Babylon,
    all those who draw the bow.(NO)
Encamp all around her;
    let no one escape.(NP)
Repay(NQ) her for her deeds;(NR)
    do to her as she has done.
For she has defied(NS) the Lord,
    the Holy One(NT) of Israel.
30 Therefore, her young men(NU) will fall in the streets;
    all her soldiers will be silenced in that day,”
declares the Lord.
31 “See, I am against(NV) you, you arrogant one,”
    declares the Lord, the Lord Almighty,
“for your day(NW) has come,
    the time for you to be punished.
32 The arrogant(NX) one will stumble and fall(NY)
    and no one will help her up;(NZ)
I will kindle a fire(OA) in her towns
    that will consume all who are around her.”

33 This is what the Lord Almighty says:

“The people of Israel are oppressed,(OB)
    and the people of Judah as well.
All their captors hold them fast,
    refusing to let them go.(OC)
34 Yet their Redeemer(OD) is strong;
    the Lord Almighty(OE) is his name.
He will vigorously defend their cause(OF)
    so that he may bring rest(OG) to their land,
    but unrest to those who live in Babylon.

35 “A sword(OH) against the Babylonians!”(OI)
    declares the Lord
“against those who live in Babylon
    and against her officials and wise(OJ) men!
36 A sword against her false prophets!
    They will become fools.
A sword against her warriors!(OK)
    They will be filled with terror.(OL)
37 A sword against her horses and chariots(OM)
    and all the foreigners in her ranks!
    They will become weaklings.(ON)
A sword against her treasures!(OO)
    They will be plundered.
38 A drought on[u] her waters!(OP)
    They will dry(OQ) up.
For it is a land of idols,(OR)
    idols that will go mad with terror.

39 “So desert creatures(OS) and hyenas will live there,
    and there the owl will dwell.
It will never again be inhabited
    or lived in from generation to generation.(OT)
40 As I overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah(OU)
    along with their neighboring towns,”
declares the Lord,
“so no one will live there;
    no people will dwell in it.(OV)

41 “Look! An army is coming from the north;(OW)
    a great nation and many kings
    are being stirred(OX) up from the ends of the earth.(OY)
42 They are armed with bows(OZ) and spears;
    they are cruel(PA) and without mercy.(PB)
They sound like the roaring sea(PC)
    as they ride on their horses;
they come like men in battle formation
    to attack you, Daughter Babylon.(PD)
43 The king of Babylon has heard reports about them,
    and his hands hang limp.(PE)
Anguish has gripped him,
    pain like that of a woman in labor.(PF)
44 Like a lion coming up from Jordan’s thickets(PG)
    to a rich pastureland,
I will chase Babylon from its land in an instant.
    Who is the chosen(PH) one I will appoint for this?
Who is like me and who can challenge me?(PI)
    And what shepherd can stand against me?”

45 Therefore, hear what the Lord has planned against Babylon,
    what he has purposed(PJ) against the land of the Babylonians:(PK)
The young of the flock will be dragged away;
    their pasture will be appalled at their fate.
46 At the sound of Babylon’s capture the earth will tremble;(PL)
    its cry(PM) will resound among the nations.

51 This is what the Lord says:

“See, I will stir(PN) up the spirit of a destroyer
    against Babylon(PO) and the people of Leb Kamai.[v]
I will send foreigners(PP) to Babylon
    to winnow(PQ) her and to devastate her land;
they will oppose her on every side
    in the day(PR) of her disaster.
Let not the archer string his bow,(PS)
    nor let him put on his armor.(PT)
Do not spare her young men;
    completely destroy[w] her army.
They will fall(PU) down slain in Babylon,[x]
    fatally wounded in her streets.(PV)
For Israel and Judah have not been forsaken(PW)
    by their God, the Lord Almighty,
though their land[y] is full of guilt(PX)
    before the Holy One of Israel.

“Flee(PY) from Babylon!
    Run for your lives!
    Do not be destroyed because of her sins.(PZ)
It is time(QA) for the Lord’s vengeance;(QB)
    he will repay(QC) her what she deserves.
Babylon was a gold cup(QD) in the Lord’s hand;
    she made the whole earth drunk.
The nations drank her wine;
    therefore they have now gone mad.
Babylon will suddenly fall(QE) and be broken.
    Wail over her!
Get balm(QF) for her pain;
    perhaps she can be healed.

“‘We would have healed Babylon,
    but she cannot be healed;
let us leave(QG) her and each go to our own land,
    for her judgment(QH) reaches to the skies,
    it rises as high as the heavens.’

10 “‘The Lord has vindicated(QI) us;
    come, let us tell in Zion
    what the Lord our God has done.’(QJ)

11 “Sharpen the arrows,(QK)
    take up the shields!(QL)
The Lord has stirred up the kings(QM) of the Medes,(QN)
    because his purpose(QO) is to destroy Babylon.
The Lord will take vengeance,(QP)
    vengeance for his temple.(QQ)
12 Lift up a banner(QR) against the walls of Babylon!
    Reinforce the guard,
station the watchmen,(QS)
    prepare an ambush!(QT)
The Lord will carry out his purpose,(QU)
    his decree against the people of Babylon.
13 You who live by many waters(QV)
    and are rich in treasures,(QW)
your end has come,
    the time for you to be destroyed.(QX)
14 The Lord Almighty has sworn by himself:(QY)
    I will surely fill you with troops, as with a swarm of locusts,(QZ)
    and they will shout(RA) in triumph over you.

15 “He made the earth by his power;
    he founded the world by his wisdom(RB)
    and stretched(RC) out the heavens by his understanding.(RD)
16 When he thunders,(RE) the waters in the heavens roar;
    he makes clouds rise from the ends of the earth.
He sends lightning with the rain(RF)
    and brings out the wind from his storehouses.(RG)

17 “Everyone is senseless and without knowledge;
    every goldsmith is shamed by his idols.
The images he makes are a fraud;(RH)
    they have no breath in them.
18 They are worthless,(RI) the objects of mockery;
    when their judgment comes, they will perish.
19 He who is the Portion(RJ) of Jacob is not like these,
    for he is the Maker of all things,
including the people of his inheritance(RK)
    the Lord Almighty is his name.

20 “You are my war club,(RL)
    my weapon for battle—
with you I shatter(RM) nations,(RN)
    with you I destroy kingdoms,
21 with you I shatter horse and rider,(RO)
    with you I shatter chariot(RP) and driver,
22 with you I shatter man and woman,
    with you I shatter old man and youth,
    with you I shatter young man and young woman,(RQ)
23 with you I shatter shepherd and flock,
    with you I shatter farmer and oxen,
    with you I shatter governors and officials.(RR)

24 “Before your eyes I will repay(RS) Babylon(RT) and all who live in Babylonia[z] for all the wrong they have done in Zion,” declares the Lord.

25 “I am against(RU) you, you destroying mountain,
    you who destroy the whole earth,”(RV)
declares the Lord.
“I will stretch out my hand(RW) against you,
    roll you off the cliffs,
    and make you a burned-out mountain.(RX)
26 No rock will be taken from you for a cornerstone,
    nor any stone for a foundation,
    for you will be desolate(RY) forever,”
declares the Lord.

27 “Lift up a banner(RZ) in the land!
    Blow the trumpet among the nations!
Prepare the nations for battle against her;
    summon against her these kingdoms:(SA)
    Ararat,(SB) Minni and Ashkenaz.(SC)
Appoint a commander against her;
    send up horses like a swarm of locusts.(SD)
28 Prepare the nations for battle against her—
    the kings of the Medes,(SE)
their governors and all their officials,
    and all the countries they rule.(SF)
29 The land trembles(SG) and writhes,
    for the Lord’s purposes(SH) against Babylon stand—
to lay waste(SI) the land of Babylon
    so that no one will live there.(SJ)
30 Babylon’s warriors(SK) have stopped fighting;
    they remain in their strongholds.
Their strength is exhausted;
    they have become weaklings.(SL)
Her dwellings are set on fire;(SM)
    the bars(SN) of her gates are broken.
31 One courier(SO) follows another
    and messenger follows messenger
to announce to the king of Babylon
    that his entire city is captured,(SP)
32 the river crossings seized,
    the marshes set on fire,(SQ)
    and the soldiers terrified.(SR)

33 This is what the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, says:

“Daughter Babylon(SS) is like a threshing floor(ST)
    at the time it is trampled;
    the time to harvest(SU) her will soon come.(SV)

34 “Nebuchadnezzar(SW) king of Babylon has devoured(SX) us,(SY)
    he has thrown us into confusion,
    he has made us an empty jar.
Like a serpent he has swallowed us
    and filled his stomach with our delicacies,
    and then has spewed(SZ) us out.
35 May the violence(TA) done to our flesh[aa] be on Babylon,”
    say the inhabitants of Zion.
“May our blood be on those who live in Babylonia,”
    says Jerusalem.(TB)


  1. Jeremiah 46:9 That is, the upper Nile region
  2. Jeremiah 47:4 That is, Crete
  3. Jeremiah 48:1 Or captured; / Misgab
  4. Jeremiah 48:2 The Hebrew for Heshbon sounds like the Hebrew for plot.
  5. Jeremiah 48:2 The name of the Moabite town Madmen sounds like the Hebrew for be silenced.
  6. Jeremiah 48:4 Hebrew; Septuagint / proclaim it to Zoar
  7. Jeremiah 48:6 Or like Aroer
  8. Jeremiah 48:9 Or Give wings to Moab, / for she will fly away
  9. Jeremiah 48:25 Horn here symbolizes strength.
  10. Jeremiah 48:32 Probably the Dead Sea
  11. Jeremiah 48:32 Two Hebrew manuscripts and Septuagint; most Hebrew manuscripts as far as the Sea of
  12. Jeremiah 48:41 Or The cities
  13. Jeremiah 49:1 Or their king; also in verse 3
  14. Jeremiah 49:13 That is, its name will be used in cursing (see 29:22); or, others will see that it is cursed.
  15. Jeremiah 49:21 Or the Sea of Reeds
  16. Jeremiah 49:23 Hebrew on or by
  17. Jeremiah 49:32 Or who clip the hair by their foreheads
  18. Jeremiah 50:1 Or Chaldeans; also in verses 8, 25, 35 and 45
  19. Jeremiah 50:10 Or Chaldea
  20. Jeremiah 50:21 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them; also in verse 26.
  21. Jeremiah 50:38 Or A sword against
  22. Jeremiah 51:1 Leb Kamai is a cryptogram for Chaldea, that is, Babylonia.
  23. Jeremiah 51:3 The Hebrew term refers to the irrevocable giving over of things or persons to the Lord, often by totally destroying them.
  24. Jeremiah 51:4 Or Chaldea
  25. Jeremiah 51:5 Or Almighty, / and the land of the Babylonians
  26. Jeremiah 51:24 Or Chaldea; also in verse 35
  27. Jeremiah 51:35 Or done to us and to our children

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