(A)James, a servant[a] of God and (B)of the Lord Jesus Christ,

To (C)the twelve tribes in (D)the Dispersion:


Testing of Your Faith

(E)Count it all joy, my brothers,[b] when you meet trials (F)of various kinds, for you know that (G)the testing of your faith (H)produces steadfastness. And let steadfastness have its full effect, that you may be (I)perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.

(J)If any of you lacks wisdom, (K)let him ask God, (L)who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him. But (M)let him ask in faith, (N)with no doubting, for the one who doubts is like (O)a wave of the sea that is driven and tossed by the wind. For that person must not suppose that he will receive anything from the Lord; (P)he is a double-minded man, (Q)unstable in all his ways.

Let the lowly brother boast in his exaltation, 10 and (R)the rich in his humiliation, because (S)like a flower of the grass[c] he will pass away. 11 For the sun rises with its scorching heat and (T)withers the grass; its flower falls, and its beauty perishes. So also will the rich man fade away in the midst of his pursuits.

12 (U)Blessed is the man who remains steadfast under trial, for when he has stood the test he will receive (V)the crown of life, (W)which God has promised to those who love him. 13 Let no one say when he is tempted, “I am being tempted by God,” for God cannot be tempted with evil, and he himself tempts no one. 14 But each person is tempted when he is lured and enticed by his own desire. 15 Then desire (X)when it has conceived gives birth to sin, and (Y)sin when it is fully grown brings forth death.

16 Do not be deceived, my beloved brothers. 17 (Z)Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, coming down from (AA)the Father of lights, (AB)with whom there is no variation or shadow due to change.[d] 18 (AC)Of his own will he (AD)brought us forth by the word of truth, (AE)that we should be a kind of (AF)firstfruits of his creatures.

Hearing and Doing the Word

19 (AG)Know this, my beloved brothers: let every person (AH)be quick to hear, (AI)slow to speak, (AJ)slow to anger; 20 for the anger of man does not produce the righteousness of God. 21 Therefore (AK)put away all filthiness and rampant wickedness and receive with (AL)meekness the implanted word, (AM)which is able to save your souls.

22 But be (AN)doers of the word, and not hearers only, deceiving yourselves. 23 For if anyone is a hearer of the word and not a doer, he is like a man who looks intently at his natural face in a mirror. 24 For he looks at himself and goes away and at once forgets what he was like. 25 But the one who looks into the perfect law, (AO)the law of liberty, and perseveres, being no hearer who forgets but a doer who acts, (AP)he will be blessed in his doing.

26 If anyone thinks he is religious (AQ)and does not bridle his tongue but deceives his heart, this person's (AR)religion is worthless. 27 Religion that is pure and undefiled before God the Father is this: (AS)to visit (AT)orphans and widows in their affliction, and (AU)to keep oneself (AV)unstained from the world.

The Sin of Partiality

My brothers,[e] (AW)show no partiality as you hold the faith in our Lord Jesus Christ, (AX)the Lord of glory. For if a man wearing a gold ring and fine clothing comes into your assembly, and a poor man in shabby clothing also comes in, and if you pay attention to the one who wears the fine clothing and say, “You sit here in a good place,” (AY)while you say to the poor man, “You stand over there,” or, “Sit down at my feet,” have you not then made distinctions among yourselves and become (AZ)judges with evil thoughts? Listen, my beloved brothers, (BA)has not God chosen those who are poor in the world to be (BB)rich in faith and heirs of (BC)the kingdom, (BD)which he has promised to those who love him? But you (BE)have dishonored the poor man. Are not the rich the ones who oppress you, and the ones who (BF)drag you (BG)into court? Are they not the ones who blaspheme the honorable (BH)name by which you were called?

If you really fulfill the royal law according to the Scripture, (BI)“You shall love your neighbor as yourself,” you are doing well. But if you (BJ)show partiality, you are committing sin and are convicted by the law as transgressors. 10 For whoever keeps the whole law but fails in one point (BK)has become guilty of all of it. 11 For he who said, (BL)“Do not commit adultery,” also said, (BM)“Do not murder.” If you do not commit adultery but do murder, you have become a transgressor of the law. 12 So speak and so act as those who are to be judged under (BN)the law of liberty. 13 For (BO)judgment is without mercy to one who has shown no mercy. Mercy triumphs over judgment.

Faith Without Works Is Dead

14 What good is it, my brothers, if someone says he has faith (BP)but does not have works? Can that faith save him? 15 (BQ)If a brother or sister is poorly clothed and lacking in daily food, 16 (BR)and one of you says to them, “Go in peace, be warmed and filled,” without giving them the things needed for the body, what good[f] is that? 17 So also faith by itself, if it does not have works, is dead.

18 But someone will say, “You have faith and I have works.” Show me your faith (BS)apart from your works, and I will show you my faith (BT)by my works. 19 (BU)You believe that God is one; you do well. Even (BV)the demons believe—and shudder! 20 Do you want to be shown, you foolish person, that faith apart from works is useless? 21 (BW)Was not Abraham our father justified by works when he offered up his son Isaac on the altar? 22 You see that (BX)faith was active along with his works, and faith was completed (BY)by his works; 23 and the Scripture was fulfilled that says, (BZ)“Abraham believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”—and he was called a (CA)friend of God. 24 You see that a person is justified by works and not by faith alone. 25 And in the same way was not also (CB)Rahab the prostitute justified by works (CC)when she received the messengers and sent them out by another way? 26 For as the body apart from the spirit is dead, so also faith apart from works is dead.

Taming the Tongue

(CD)Not many of you should become teachers, my brothers, for you know that we who teach will be judged with greater strictness. For (CE)we all stumble in many ways. And if anyone does not stumble in what he says, (CF)he is a perfect man, (CG)able also to bridle his whole body. If we put (CH)bits into the mouths of horses so that they obey us, we guide their whole bodies as well. Look at the ships also: though they are so large and are driven by strong winds, they are guided by a very small rudder wherever the will of the pilot directs. So also the tongue is a small member, yet (CI)it boasts of great things.

How great a forest is set ablaze by such a small fire! And (CJ)the tongue is a fire, a world of unrighteousness. The tongue is set among our members, (CK)staining the whole body, setting on fire the entire course of life,[g] and set on fire by hell.[h] For every kind of beast and bird, of reptile and sea creature, can be tamed and has been tamed by mankind, but no human being can tame the tongue. It is a restless evil, (CL)full of deadly poison. With it we bless our Lord and Father, and with it we curse people (CM)who are made in the likeness of God. 10 From the same mouth come blessing and cursing. My brothers,[i] these things ought not to be so. 11 Does a spring pour forth from the same opening both fresh and salt water? 12 Can a fig tree, my brothers, bear olives, or a grapevine produce figs? Neither can a salt pond yield fresh water.

Wisdom from Above

13 Who is wise and understanding among you? (CN)By his good conduct let him show his works (CO)in the meekness of wisdom. 14 But if you have bitter (CP)jealousy and selfish ambition in your hearts, do not boast and be false to the truth. 15 This is not (CQ)the wisdom that comes down from above, but is earthly, unspiritual, (CR)demonic. 16 For where jealousy and selfish ambition exist, there will be disorder and every vile practice. 17 But (CS)the wisdom from above is first pure, then (CT)peaceable, gentle, open to reason, (CU)full of mercy and good fruits, (CV)impartial and (CW)sincere. 18 And (CX)a harvest of righteousness (CY)is sown in peace by those who make peace.


  1. James 1:1 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface
  2. James 1:2 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters; also verses 16, 19
  3. James 1:10 Or a wild flower
  4. James 1:17 Some manuscripts variation due to a shadow of turning
  5. James 2:1 Or brothers and sisters; also verses 5, 14
  6. James 2:16 Or benefit
  7. James 3:6 Or wheel of birth
  8. James 3:6 Greek Gehenna
  9. James 3:10 Or brothers and sisters; also verse 12

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