Joseph’s Dreams

37 Jacob lived in the land where his father had stayed,(A) the land of Canaan.(B)

This is the account(C) of Jacob’s family line.

Joseph,(D) a young man of seventeen,(E) was tending the flocks(F) with his brothers, the sons of Bilhah(G) and the sons of Zilpah,(H) his father’s wives, and he brought their father a bad report(I) about them.

Now Israel(J) loved Joseph more than any of his other sons,(K) because he had been born to him in his old age;(L) and he made an ornate[a] robe(M) for him.(N) When his brothers saw that their father loved him more than any of them, they hated him(O) and could not speak a kind word to him.

Joseph had a dream,(P) and when he told it to his brothers,(Q) they hated him all the more.(R) He said to them, “Listen to this dream I had: We were binding sheaves(S) of grain out in the field when suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright, while your sheaves gathered around mine and bowed down to it.”(T)

His brothers said to him, “Do you intend to reign over us? Will you actually rule us?”(U) And they hated him all the more(V) because of his dream and what he had said.

Then he had another dream,(W) and he told it to his brothers. “Listen,” he said, “I had another dream, and this time the sun and moon and eleven stars(X) were bowing down to me.”(Y)

10 When he told his father as well as his brothers,(Z) his father rebuked(AA) him and said, “What is this dream you had? Will your mother and I and your brothers actually come and bow down to the ground before you?”(AB) 11 His brothers were jealous of him,(AC) but his father kept the matter in mind.(AD)

Joseph Sold by His Brothers

12 Now his brothers had gone to graze their father’s flocks near Shechem,(AE) 13 and Israel(AF) said to Joseph, “As you know, your brothers are grazing the flocks near Shechem.(AG) Come, I am going to send you to them.”

“Very well,” he replied.

14 So he said to him, “Go and see if all is well with your brothers(AH) and with the flocks, and bring word back to me.” Then he sent him off from the Valley of Hebron.(AI)

When Joseph arrived at Shechem, 15 a man found him wandering around in the fields and asked him, “What are you looking for?”

16 He replied, “I’m looking for my brothers. Can you tell me where they are grazing their flocks?”

17 “They have moved on from here,” the man answered. “I heard them say, ‘Let’s go to Dothan.(AJ)’”

So Joseph went after his brothers and found them near Dothan. 18 But they saw him in the distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him.(AK)

19 “Here comes that dreamer!(AL)” they said to each other. 20 “Come now, let’s kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns(AM) and say that a ferocious animal(AN) devoured him.(AO) Then we’ll see what comes of his dreams.”(AP)

21 When Reuben(AQ) heard this, he tried to rescue him from their hands. “Let’s not take his life,” he said.(AR) 22 “Don’t shed any blood. Throw him into this cistern(AS) here in the wilderness, but don’t lay a hand on him.” Reuben said this to rescue him from them and take him back to his father.(AT)

23 So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe—the ornate robe(AU) he was wearing— 24 and they took him and threw him into the cistern.(AV) The cistern was empty; there was no water in it.

25 As they sat down to eat their meal, they looked up and saw a caravan of Ishmaelites(AW) coming from Gilead.(AX) Their camels were loaded with spices, balm(AY) and myrrh,(AZ) and they were on their way to take them down to Egypt.(BA)

26 Judah(BB) said to his brothers, “What will we gain if we kill our brother and cover up his blood?(BC) 27 Come, let’s sell him to the Ishmaelites and not lay our hands on him; after all, he is our brother,(BD) our own flesh and blood.(BE)” His brothers agreed.

28 So when the Midianite(BF) merchants came by, his brothers pulled Joseph up out of the cistern(BG) and sold(BH) him for twenty shekels[b] of silver(BI) to the Ishmaelites,(BJ) who took him to Egypt.(BK)

29 When Reuben returned to the cistern and saw that Joseph was not there, he tore his clothes.(BL) 30 He went back to his brothers and said, “The boy isn’t there! Where can I turn now?”(BM)

31 Then they got Joseph’s robe,(BN) slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood.(BO) 32 They took the ornate robe(BP) back to their father and said, “We found this. Examine it to see whether it is your son’s robe.”

33 He recognized it and said, “It is my son’s robe! Some ferocious animal(BQ) has devoured him. Joseph has surely been torn to pieces.”(BR)

34 Then Jacob tore his clothes,(BS) put on sackcloth(BT) and mourned for his son many days.(BU) 35 All his sons and daughters came to comfort him,(BV) but he refused to be comforted.(BW) “No,” he said, “I will continue to mourn until I join my son(BX) in the grave.(BY)” So his father wept for him.

36 Meanwhile, the Midianites[c](BZ) sold Joseph(CA) in Egypt to Potiphar, one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard.(CB)

Judah and Tamar

38 At that time, Judah(CC) left his brothers and went down to stay with a man of Adullam(CD) named Hirah.(CE) There Judah met the daughter of a Canaanite man named Shua.(CF) He married her and made love to her; she became pregnant and gave birth to a son, who was named Er.(CG) She conceived again and gave birth to a son and named him Onan.(CH) She gave birth to still another son and named him Shelah.(CI) It was at Kezib that she gave birth to him.

Judah got a wife for Er, his firstborn, and her name was Tamar.(CJ) But Er, Judah’s firstborn, was wicked in the Lord’s sight;(CK) so the Lord put him to death.(CL)

Then Judah said to Onan, “Sleep with your brother’s wife and fulfill your duty to her as a brother-in-law to raise up offspring for your brother.”(CM) But Onan knew that the child would not be his; so whenever he slept with his brother’s wife, he spilled his semen on the ground to keep from providing offspring for his brother. 10 What he did was wicked in the Lord’s sight; so the Lord put him to death also.(CN)

11 Judah then said to his daughter-in-law(CO) Tamar,(CP) “Live as a widow in your father’s household(CQ) until my son Shelah(CR) grows up.”(CS) For he thought, “He may die too, just like his brothers.” So Tamar went to live in her father’s household.

12 After a long time Judah’s wife, the daughter of Shua,(CT) died. When Judah had recovered from his grief, he went up to Timnah,(CU) to the men who were shearing his sheep,(CV) and his friend Hirah the Adullamite(CW) went with him.

13 When Tamar(CX) was told, “Your father-in-law is on his way to Timnah to shear his sheep,”(CY) 14 she took off her widow’s clothes,(CZ) covered herself with a veil(DA) to disguise herself, and then sat down(DB) at the entrance to Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah.(DC) For she saw that, though Shelah(DD) had now grown up, she had not been given to him as his wife.

15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute,(DE) for she had covered her face. 16 Not realizing(DF) that she was his daughter-in-law,(DG) he went over to her by the roadside and said, “Come now, let me sleep with you.”(DH)

“And what will you give me to sleep with you?”(DI) she asked.

17 “I’ll send you a young goat(DJ) from my flock,” he said.

“Will you give me something as a pledge(DK) until you send it?” she asked.

18 He said, “What pledge should I give you?”

“Your seal(DL) and its cord, and the staff(DM) in your hand,” she answered. So he gave them to her and slept with her, and she became pregnant by him.(DN) 19 After she left, she took off her veil and put on her widow’s clothes(DO) again.

20 Meanwhile Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite(DP) in order to get his pledge(DQ) back from the woman, but he did not find her. 21 He asked the men who lived there, “Where is the shrine prostitute(DR) who was beside the road at Enaim?”

“There hasn’t been any shrine prostitute here,” they said.

22 So he went back to Judah and said, “I didn’t find her. Besides, the men who lived there said, ‘There hasn’t been any shrine prostitute here.’”

23 Then Judah said, “Let her keep what she has,(DS) or we will become a laughingstock.(DT) After all, I did send her this young goat, but you didn’t find her.”

24 About three months later Judah was told, “Your daughter-in-law Tamar is guilty of prostitution, and as a result she is now pregnant.”

Judah said, “Bring her out and have her burned to death!”(DU)

25 As she was being brought out, she sent a message to her father-in-law. “I am pregnant by the man who owns these,” she said. And she added, “See if you recognize whose seal and cord and staff these are.”(DV)

26 Judah recognized them and said, “She is more righteous than I,(DW) since I wouldn’t give her to my son Shelah.(DX)” And he did not sleep with her again.

27 When the time came for her to give birth, there were twin boys in her womb.(DY) 28 As she was giving birth, one of them put out his hand; so the midwife(DZ) took a scarlet thread and tied it on his wrist(EA) and said, “This one came out first.” 29 But when he drew back his hand, his brother came out,(EB) and she said, “So this is how you have broken out!” And he was named Perez.[d](EC) 30 Then his brother, who had the scarlet thread on his wrist,(ED) came out. And he was named Zerah.[e](EE)

Joseph and Potiphar’s Wife

39 Now Joseph(EF) had been taken down to Egypt. Potiphar, an Egyptian who was one of Pharaoh’s officials, the captain of the guard,(EG) bought him from the Ishmaelites who had taken him there.(EH)

The Lord was with Joseph(EI) so that he prospered, and he lived in the house of his Egyptian master. When his master saw that the Lord was with him(EJ) and that the Lord gave him success in everything he did,(EK) Joseph found favor in his eyes(EL) and became his attendant. Potiphar put him in charge of his household,(EM) and he entrusted to his care everything he owned.(EN) From the time he put him in charge of his household and of all that he owned, the Lord blessed the household(EO) of the Egyptian because of Joseph.(EP) The blessing of the Lord was on everything Potiphar had, both in the house and in the field.(EQ) So Potiphar left everything he had in Joseph’s care;(ER) with Joseph in charge, he did not concern himself with anything except the food he ate.

Now Joseph was well-built and handsome,(ES) and after a while his master’s wife took notice of Joseph and said, “Come to bed with me!”(ET)

But he refused.(EU) “With me in charge,” he told her, “my master does not concern himself with anything in the house; everything he owns he has entrusted to my care.(EV) No one is greater in this house than I am.(EW) My master has withheld nothing from me except you, because you are his wife. How then could I do such a wicked thing and sin against God?”(EX) 10 And though she spoke to Joseph day after day, he refused(EY) to go to bed with her or even be with her.

11 One day he went into the house to attend to his duties,(EZ) and none of the household servants(FA) was inside. 12 She caught him by his cloak(FB) and said, “Come to bed with me!”(FC) But he left his cloak in her hand and ran out of the house.(FD)

13 When she saw that he had left his cloak in her hand and had run out of the house, 14 she called her household servants.(FE) “Look,” she said to them, “this Hebrew(FF) has been brought to us to make sport of us!(FG) He came in here to sleep with me, but I screamed.(FH) 15 When he heard me scream for help, he left his cloak beside me and ran out of the house.”(FI)

16 She kept his cloak beside her until his master came home. 17 Then she told him this story:(FJ) “That Hebrew(FK) slave(FL) you brought us came to me to make sport of me. 18 But as soon as I screamed for help, he left his cloak beside me and ran out of the house.”

19 When his master heard the story his wife told him, saying, “This is how your slave treated me,” he burned with anger.(FM) 20 Joseph’s master took him and put him in prison,(FN) the place where the king’s prisoners were confined.

But while Joseph was there in the prison, 21 the Lord was with him;(FO) he showed him kindness(FP) and granted him favor in the eyes of the prison warden.(FQ) 22 So the warden put Joseph in charge of all those held in the prison, and he was made responsible for all that was done there.(FR) 23 The warden paid no attention to anything under Joseph’s(FS) care, because the Lord was with Joseph and gave him success in whatever he did.(FT)

The Cupbearer and the Baker

40 Some time later, the cupbearer(FU) and the baker(FV) of the king of Egypt offended their master, the king of Egypt. Pharaoh was angry(FW) with his two officials,(FX) the chief cupbearer and the chief baker, and put them in custody in the house of the captain of the guard,(FY) in the same prison where Joseph was confined. The captain of the guard(FZ) assigned them to Joseph,(GA) and he attended them.

After they had been in custody(GB) for some time, each of the two men—the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were being held in prison—had a dream(GC) the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own.(GD)

When Joseph came to them the next morning, he saw that they were dejected. So he asked Pharaoh’s officials who were in custody(GE) with him in his master’s house, “Why do you look so sad today?”(GF)

“We both had dreams,” they answered, “but there is no one to interpret them.”(GG)

Then Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God?(GH) Tell me your dreams.”

So the chief cupbearer(GI) told Joseph his dream. He said to him, “In my dream I saw a vine in front of me, 10 and on the vine were three branches. As soon as it budded, it blossomed,(GJ) and its clusters ripened into grapes. 11 Pharaoh’s cup was in my hand, and I took the grapes, squeezed them into Pharaoh’s cup and put the cup in his hand.”

12 “This is what it means,(GK)” Joseph said to him. “The three branches are three days.(GL) 13 Within three days(GM) Pharaoh will lift up your head(GN) and restore you to your position, and you will put Pharaoh’s cup in his hand, just as you used to do when you were his cupbearer.(GO) 14 But when all goes well with you, remember me(GP) and show me kindness;(GQ) mention me to Pharaoh(GR) and get me out of this prison. 15 I was forcibly carried off from the land of the Hebrews,(GS) and even here I have done nothing to deserve being put in a dungeon.”(GT)

16 When the chief baker(GU) saw that Joseph had given a favorable interpretation,(GV) he said to Joseph, “I too had a dream: On my head were three baskets(GW) of bread.[f] 17 In the top basket were all kinds of baked goods for Pharaoh, but the birds were eating them out of the basket on my head.”

18 “This is what it means,” Joseph said. “The three baskets are three days.(GX) 19 Within three days(GY) Pharaoh will lift off your head(GZ) and impale your body on a pole.(HA) And the birds will eat away your flesh.”(HB)

20 Now the third day(HC) was Pharaoh’s birthday,(HD) and he gave a feast for all his officials.(HE) He lifted up the heads of the chief cupbearer and the chief baker(HF) in the presence of his officials: 21 He restored the chief cupbearer(HG) to his position,(HH) so that he once again put the cup into Pharaoh’s hand(HI) 22 but he impaled the chief baker,(HJ) just as Joseph had said to them in his interpretation.(HK)

23 The chief cupbearer, however, did not remember Joseph; he forgot him.(HL)

Pharaoh’s Dreams

41 When two full years had passed, Pharaoh had a dream:(HM) He was standing by the Nile,(HN) when out of the river there came up seven cows, sleek and fat,(HO) and they grazed among the reeds.(HP) After them, seven other cows, ugly and gaunt, came up out of the Nile and stood beside those on the riverbank. And the cows that were ugly and gaunt ate up the seven sleek, fat cows. Then Pharaoh woke up.(HQ)

He fell asleep again and had a second dream: Seven heads of grain,(HR) healthy and good, were growing on a single stalk. After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted—thin and scorched by the east wind.(HS) The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven healthy, full heads. Then Pharaoh woke up;(HT) it had been a dream.

In the morning his mind was troubled,(HU) so he sent for all the magicians(HV) and wise men of Egypt. Pharaoh told them his dreams, but no one could interpret them for him.(HW)

Then the chief cupbearer said to Pharaoh, “Today I am reminded of my shortcomings.(HX) 10 Pharaoh was once angry with his servants,(HY) and he imprisoned me and the chief baker in the house of the captain of the guard.(HZ) 11 Each of us had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own.(IA) 12 Now a young Hebrew(IB) was there with us, a servant of the captain of the guard.(IC) We told him our dreams, and he interpreted them for us, giving each man the interpretation of his dream.(ID) 13 And things turned out exactly as he interpreted them to us: I was restored to my position, and the other man was impaled.(IE)

14 So Pharaoh sent for Joseph, and he was quickly brought from the dungeon.(IF) When he had shaved(IG) and changed his clothes,(IH) he came before Pharaoh.

15 Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I had a dream, and no one can interpret it.(II) But I have heard it said of you that when you hear a dream you can interpret it.”(IJ)

16 “I cannot do it,” Joseph replied to Pharaoh, “but God will give Pharaoh the answer he desires.”(IK)

17 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “In my dream I was standing on the bank of the Nile,(IL) 18 when out of the river there came up seven cows, fat and sleek, and they grazed among the reeds.(IM) 19 After them, seven other cows came up—scrawny and very ugly and lean. I had never seen such ugly cows in all the land of Egypt. 20 The lean, ugly cows ate up the seven fat cows that came up first. 21 But even after they ate them, no one could tell that they had done so; they looked just as ugly as before. Then I woke up.

22 “In my dream I saw seven heads of grain, full and good, growing on a single stalk. 23 After them, seven other heads sprouted—withered and thin and scorched by the east wind. 24 The thin heads of grain swallowed up the seven good heads. I told this to the magicians, but none of them could explain it to me.(IN)

25 Then Joseph said to Pharaoh, “The dreams of Pharaoh are one and the same.(IO) God has revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to do.(IP) 26 The seven good cows(IQ) are seven years, and the seven good heads of grain are seven years; it is one and the same dream. 27 The seven lean, ugly cows that came up afterward are seven years, and so are the seven worthless heads of grain scorched by the east wind: They are seven years of famine.(IR)

28 “It is just as I said to Pharaoh: God has shown Pharaoh what he is about to do.(IS) 29 Seven years of great abundance(IT) are coming throughout the land of Egypt, 30 but seven years of famine(IU) will follow them. Then all the abundance in Egypt will be forgotten, and the famine will ravage the land.(IV) 31 The abundance in the land will not be remembered, because the famine that follows it will be so severe. 32 The reason the dream was given to Pharaoh in two forms is that the matter has been firmly decided(IW) by God, and God will do it soon.(IX)

33 “And now let Pharaoh look for a discerning and wise man(IY) and put him in charge of the land of Egypt.(IZ) 34 Let Pharaoh appoint commissioners(JA) over the land to take a fifth(JB) of the harvest of Egypt during the seven years of abundance.(JC) 35 They should collect all the food of these good years that are coming and store up the grain under the authority of Pharaoh, to be kept in the cities for food.(JD) 36 This food should be held in reserve for the country, to be used during the seven years of famine that will come upon Egypt,(JE) so that the country may not be ruined by the famine.”

37 The plan seemed good to Pharaoh and to all his officials.(JF) 38 So Pharaoh asked them, “Can we find anyone like this man, one in whom is the spirit of God[g]?”(JG)

39 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “Since God has made all this known to you,(JH) there is no one so discerning and wise as you.(JI) 40 You shall be in charge of my palace,(JJ) and all my people are to submit to your orders.(JK) Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you.(JL)

Joseph in Charge of Egypt

41 So Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt.”(JM) 42 Then Pharaoh took his signet ring(JN) from his finger and put it on Joseph’s finger. He dressed him in robes(JO) of fine linen(JP) and put a gold chain around his neck.(JQ) 43 He had him ride in a chariot(JR) as his second-in-command,[h](JS) and people shouted before him, “Make way[i]!”(JT) Thus he put him in charge of the whole land of Egypt.(JU)

44 Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, “I am Pharaoh, but without your word no one will lift hand or foot in all Egypt.”(JV) 45 Pharaoh gave Joseph(JW) the name Zaphenath-Paneah and gave him Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest(JX) of On,[j](JY) to be his wife.(JZ) And Joseph went throughout the land of Egypt.

46 Joseph was thirty years old(KA) when he entered the service(KB) of Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from Pharaoh’s presence and traveled throughout Egypt. 47 During the seven years of abundance(KC) the land produced plentifully. 48 Joseph collected all the food produced in those seven years of abundance in Egypt and stored it in the cities.(KD) In each city he put the food grown in the fields surrounding it. 49 Joseph stored up huge quantities of grain, like the sand of the sea;(KE) it was so much that he stopped keeping records because it was beyond measure.

50 Before the years of famine came, two sons were born to Joseph by Asenath daughter of Potiphera, priest of On.(KF) 51 Joseph named his firstborn(KG) Manasseh[k](KH) and said, “It is because God has made me forget all my trouble and all my father’s household.” 52 The second son he named Ephraim[l](KI) and said, “It is because God has made me fruitful(KJ) in the land of my suffering.”

53 The seven years of abundance in Egypt came to an end, 54 and the seven years of famine(KK) began,(KL) just as Joseph had said. There was famine in all the other lands, but in the whole land of Egypt there was food. 55 When all Egypt began to feel the famine,(KM) the people cried to Pharaoh for food. Then Pharaoh told all the Egyptians, “Go to Joseph and do what he tells you.”(KN)

56 When the famine had spread over the whole country, Joseph opened all the storehouses and sold grain to the Egyptians,(KO) for the famine(KP) was severe throughout Egypt.(KQ) 57 And all the world came to Egypt to buy grain from Joseph,(KR) because the famine was severe everywhere.(KS)

Joseph’s Brothers Go to Egypt

42 When Jacob learned that there was grain in Egypt,(KT) he said to his sons, “Why do you just keep looking at each other?” He continued, “I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there and buy some for us,(KU) so that we may live and not die.”(KV)

Then ten of Joseph’s brothers went down to buy grain(KW) from Egypt. But Jacob did not send Benjamin,(KX) Joseph’s brother, with the others, because he was afraid that harm might come to him.(KY) So Israel’s sons were among those who went to buy grain,(KZ) for there was famine in the land of Canaan(LA) also.(LB)

Now Joseph was the governor of the land,(LC) the person who sold grain to all its people.(LD) So when Joseph’s brothers arrived, they bowed down to him with their faces to the ground.(LE) As soon as Joseph saw his brothers, he recognized them, but he pretended to be a stranger and spoke harshly to them.(LF) “Where do you come from?”(LG) he asked.

“From the land of Canaan,” they replied, “to buy food.”

Although Joseph recognized his brothers, they did not recognize him.(LH) Then he remembered his dreams(LI) about them and said to them, “You are spies!(LJ) You have come to see where our land is unprotected.”(LK)

10 “No, my lord,(LL)” they answered. “Your servants have come to buy food.(LM) 11 We are all the sons of one man. Your servants(LN) are honest men,(LO) not spies.(LP)

12 “No!” he said to them. “You have come to see where our land is unprotected.”(LQ)

13 But they replied, “Your servants(LR) were twelve brothers, the sons of one man, who lives in the land of Canaan.(LS) The youngest is now with our father, and one is no more.”(LT)

14 Joseph said to them, “It is just as I told you: You are spies!(LU) 15 And this is how you will be tested: As surely as Pharaoh lives,(LV) you will not leave this place unless your youngest brother comes here.(LW) 16 Send one of your number to get your brother;(LX) the rest of you will be kept in prison,(LY) so that your words may be tested to see if you are telling the truth.(LZ) If you are not, then as surely as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!(MA) 17 And he put them all in custody(MB) for three days.

18 On the third day, Joseph said to them, “Do this and you will live, for I fear God:(MC) 19 If you are honest men,(MD) let one of your brothers stay here in prison,(ME) while the rest of you go and take grain back for your starving households.(MF) 20 But you must bring your youngest brother to me,(MG) so that your words may be verified and that you may not die.” This they proceeded to do.

21 They said to one another, “Surely we are being punished because of our brother.(MH) We saw how distressed he was when he pleaded with us for his life, but we would not listen; that’s why this distress(MI) has come on us.”

22 Reuben replied, “Didn’t I tell you not to sin against the boy?(MJ) But you wouldn’t listen! Now we must give an accounting(MK) for his blood.”(ML) 23 They did not realize(MM) that Joseph could understand them,(MN) since he was using an interpreter.

24 He turned away from them and began to weep,(MO) but then came back and spoke to them again. He had Simeon taken from them and bound before their eyes.(MP)

25 Joseph gave orders to fill their bags with grain,(MQ) to put each man’s silver back in his sack,(MR) and to give them provisions(MS) for their journey.(MT) After this was done for them, 26 they loaded their grain on their donkeys(MU) and left.

27 At the place where they stopped for the night one of them opened his sack to get feed for his donkey,(MV) and he saw his silver in the mouth of his sack.(MW) 28 “My silver has been returned,” he said to his brothers. “Here it is in my sack.”

Their hearts sank(MX) and they turned to each other trembling(MY) and said, “What is this that God has done to us?”(MZ)

29 When they came to their father Jacob in the land of Canaan,(NA) they told him all that had happened to them.(NB) They said, 30 “The man who is lord over the land spoke harshly to us(NC) and treated us as though we were spying on the land.(ND) 31 But we said to him, ‘We are honest men; we are not spies.(NE) 32 We were twelve brothers, sons of one father. One is no more, and the youngest is now with our father in Canaan.’(NF)

33 “Then the man who is lord over the land said to us, ‘This is how I will know whether you are honest men: Leave one of your brothers here with me, and take food for your starving households and go.(NG) 34 But bring your youngest brother to me so I will know that you are not spies but honest men.(NH) Then I will give your brother back to you,(NI) and you can trade[m] in the land.(NJ)’”

35 As they were emptying their sacks, there in each man’s sack was his pouch of silver!(NK) When they and their father saw the money pouches, they were frightened.(NL) 36 Their father Jacob said to them, “You have deprived me of my children. Joseph is no more and Simeon is no more,(NM) and now you want to take Benjamin.(NN) Everything is against me!(NO)

37 Then Reuben said to his father, “You may put both of my sons to death if I do not bring him back to you. Entrust him to my care,(NP) and I will bring him back.”(NQ)

38 But Jacob said, “My son will not go down there with you; his brother is dead(NR) and he is the only one left. If harm comes to him(NS) on the journey you are taking, you will bring my gray head down to the grave(NT) in sorrow.(NU)

The Second Journey to Egypt

43 Now the famine was still severe in the land.(NV) So when they had eaten all the grain they had brought from Egypt,(NW) their father said to them, “Go back and buy us a little more food.”(NX)

But Judah(NY) said to him, “The man warned us solemnly, ‘You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you.’(NZ) If you will send our brother along with us, we will go down and buy food for you.(OA) But if you will not send him, we will not go down, because the man said to us, ‘You will not see my face again unless your brother is with you.(OB)’”

Israel(OC) asked, “Why did you bring this trouble(OD) on me by telling the man you had another brother?”

They replied, “The man questioned us closely about ourselves and our family. ‘Is your father still living?’(OE) he asked us. ‘Do you have another brother?’(OF) We simply answered his questions. How were we to know he would say, ‘Bring your brother down here’?”(OG)

Then Judah(OH) said to Israel(OI) his father, “Send the boy along with me and we will go at once, so that we and you and our children may live and not die.(OJ) I myself will guarantee his safety; you can hold me personally responsible for him.(OK) If I do not bring him back to you and set him here before you, I will bear the blame(OL) before you all my life.(OM) 10 As it is, if we had not delayed,(ON) we could have gone and returned twice.”

11 Then their father Israel(OO) said to them, “If it must be, then do this: Put some of the best products(OP) of the land in your bags and take them down to the man as a gift(OQ)—a little balm(OR) and a little honey, some spices(OS) and myrrh,(OT) some pistachio nuts and almonds. 12 Take double the amount(OU) of silver with you, for you must return the silver that was put back into the mouths of your sacks.(OV) Perhaps it was a mistake. 13 Take your brother also and go back to the man at once.(OW) 14 And may God Almighty[n](OX) grant you mercy(OY) before the man so that he will let your other brother and Benjamin come back with you.(OZ) As for me, if I am bereaved, I am bereaved.”(PA)

15 So the men took the gifts and double the amount of silver,(PB) and Benjamin also. They hurried(PC) down to Egypt and presented themselves(PD) to Joseph. 16 When Joseph saw Benjamin(PE) with them, he said to the steward of his house,(PF) “Take these men to my house, slaughter an animal and prepare a meal;(PG) they are to eat with me at noon.”

17 The man did as Joseph told him and took the men to Joseph’s house.(PH) 18 Now the men were frightened(PI) when they were taken to his house.(PJ) They thought, “We were brought here because of the silver that was put back into our sacks(PK) the first time. He wants to attack us(PL) and overpower us and seize us as slaves(PM) and take our donkeys.(PN)

19 So they went up to Joseph’s steward(PO) and spoke to him at the entrance to the house. 20 “We beg your pardon, our lord,” they said, “we came down here the first time to buy food.(PP) 21 But at the place where we stopped for the night we opened our sacks and each of us found his silver—the exact weight—in the mouth of his sack. So we have brought it back with us.(PQ) 22 We have also brought additional silver with us to buy food. We don’t know who put our silver in our sacks.”

23 “It’s all right,” he said. “Don’t be afraid. Your God, the God of your father,(PR) has given you treasure in your sacks;(PS) I received your silver.” Then he brought Simeon out to them.(PT)

24 The steward took the men into Joseph’s house,(PU) gave them water to wash their feet(PV) and provided fodder for their donkeys. 25 They prepared their gifts(PW) for Joseph’s arrival at noon,(PX) because they had heard that they were to eat there.

26 When Joseph came home,(PY) they presented to him the gifts(PZ) they had brought into the house, and they bowed down before him to the ground.(QA) 27 He asked them how they were, and then he said, “How is your aged father(QB) you told me about? Is he still living?”(QC)

28 They replied, “Your servant our father(QD) is still alive and well.” And they bowed down,(QE) prostrating themselves before him.(QF)

29 As he looked about and saw his brother Benjamin, his own mother’s son,(QG) he asked, “Is this your youngest brother, the one you told me about?”(QH) And he said, “God be gracious to you,(QI) my son.” 30 Deeply moved(QJ) at the sight of his brother, Joseph hurried out and looked for a place to weep. He went into his private room and wept(QK) there.

31 After he had washed his face, he came out and, controlling himself,(QL) said, “Serve the food.”(QM)

32 They served him by himself, the brothers by themselves, and the Egyptians who ate with him by themselves, because Egyptians could not eat with Hebrews,(QN) for that is detestable to Egyptians.(QO) 33 The men had been seated before him in the order of their ages, from the firstborn(QP) to the youngest;(QQ) and they looked at each other in astonishment. 34 When portions were served to them from Joseph’s table, Benjamin’s portion was five times as much as anyone else’s.(QR) So they feasted(QS) and drank freely with him.

A Silver Cup in a Sack

44 Now Joseph gave these instructions to the steward of his house:(QT) “Fill the men’s sacks with as much food as they can carry, and put each man’s silver in the mouth of his sack.(QU) Then put my cup,(QV) the silver one,(QW) in the mouth of the youngest one’s sack, along with the silver for his grain.” And he did as Joseph said.

As morning dawned, the men were sent on their way with their donkeys.(QX) They had not gone far from the city when Joseph said to his steward,(QY) “Go after those men at once, and when you catch up with them, say to them, ‘Why have you repaid good with evil?(QZ) Isn’t this the cup(RA) my master drinks from and also uses for divination?(RB) This is a wicked thing you have done.’”

When he caught up with them, he repeated these words to them. But they said to him, “Why does my lord say such things? Far be it from your servants(RC) to do anything like that!(RD) We even brought back to you from the land of Canaan(RE) the silver(RF) we found inside the mouths of our sacks.(RG) So why would we steal(RH) silver or gold from your master’s house? If any of your servants(RI) is found to have it, he will die;(RJ) and the rest of us will become my lord’s slaves.(RK)


  1. Genesis 37:3 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain; also in verses 23 and 32.
  2. Genesis 37:28 That is, about 8 ounces or about 230 grams
  3. Genesis 37:36 Samaritan Pentateuch, Septuagint, Vulgate and Syriac (see also verse 28); Masoretic Text Medanites
  4. Genesis 38:29 Perez means breaking out.
  5. Genesis 38:30 Zerah can mean scarlet or brightness.
  6. Genesis 40:16 Or three wicker baskets
  7. Genesis 41:38 Or of the gods
  8. Genesis 41:43 Or in the chariot of his second-in-command; or in his second chariot
  9. Genesis 41:43 Or Bow down
  10. Genesis 41:45 That is, Heliopolis; also in verse 50
  11. Genesis 41:51 Manasseh sounds like and may be derived from the Hebrew for forget.
  12. Genesis 41:52 Ephraim sounds like the Hebrew for twice fruitful.
  13. Genesis 42:34 Or move about freely
  14. Genesis 43:14 Hebrew El-Shaddai

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