Then the Lord God formed(A) a man[a](B) from the dust(C) of the ground(D) and breathed into his nostrils the breath(E) of life,(F) and the man became a living being.(G)

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  1. Genesis 2:7 The Hebrew for man (adam) sounds like and may be related to the Hebrew for ground (adamah); it is also the name Adam (see verse 20).

14 God said to Moses, “I am who I am.[a] This is what you are to say to the Israelites: ‘I am(A) has sent me to you.’”

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  1. Exodus 3:14 Or I will be what I will be

God also said to Moses, “I am the Lord.(A) I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac and to Jacob as God Almighty,[a](B) but by my name(C) the Lord[b](D) I did not make myself fully known to them.

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  1. Exodus 6:3 Hebrew El-Shaddai
  2. Exodus 6:3 See note at 3:15.

11 Who among the gods
    is like you,(A) Lord?
Who is like you—
    majestic in holiness,(B)
awesome in glory,(C)
    working wonders?(D)

12 “You stretch out(E) your right hand,
    and the earth swallows your enemies.(F)
13 In your unfailing love you will lead(G)
    the people you have redeemed.(H)
In your strength you will guide them
    to your holy dwelling.(I)
14 The nations will hear and tremble;(J)
    anguish(K) will grip the people of Philistia.(L)
15 The chiefs(M) of Edom(N) will be terrified,
    the leaders of Moab will be seized with trembling,(O)
the people[a] of Canaan will melt(P) away;
16     terror(Q) and dread will fall on them.
By the power of your arm
    they will be as still as a stone(R)
until your people pass by, Lord,
    until the people you bought[b](S) pass by.(T)
17 You will bring(U) them in and plant(V) them
    on the mountain(W) of your inheritance—
the place, Lord, you made for your dwelling,(X)
    the sanctuary,(Y) Lord, your hands established.

18 “The Lord reigns
    for ever and ever.”(Z)

19 When Pharaoh’s horses, chariots and horsemen[c] went into the sea,(AA) the Lord brought the waters of the sea back over them, but the Israelites walked through the sea on dry ground.(AB) 20 Then Miriam(AC) the prophet,(AD) Aaron’s sister, took a timbrel in her hand, and all the women followed her, with timbrels(AE) and dancing.(AF) 21 Miriam sang(AG) to them:

“Sing to the Lord,
    for he is highly exalted.
Both horse and driver(AH)
    he has hurled into the sea.”(AI)

The Waters of Marah and Elim

22 Then Moses led Israel from the Red Sea and they went into the Desert(AJ) of Shur.(AK) For three days they traveled in the desert without finding water.(AL) 23 When they came to Marah, they could not drink its water because it was bitter. (That is why the place is called Marah.[d](AM)) 24 So the people grumbled(AN) against Moses, saying, “What are we to drink?”(AO)

25 Then Moses cried out(AP) to the Lord, and the Lord showed him a piece of wood. He threw(AQ) it into the water, and the water became fit to drink.

There the Lord issued a ruling and instruction for them and put them to the test.(AR) 26 He said, “If you listen carefully to the Lord your God and do what is right in his eyes, if you pay attention to his commands and keep(AS) all his decrees,(AT) I will not bring on you any of the diseases(AU) I brought on the Egyptians, for I am the Lord, who heals(AV) you.”

27 Then they came to Elim, where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees, and they camped(AW) there near the water.

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  1. Exodus 15:15 Or rulers
  2. Exodus 15:16 Or created
  3. Exodus 15:19 Or charioteers
  4. Exodus 15:23 Marah means bitter.

The Ten Commandments(A)

20 And God spoke(B) all these words:(C)

“I am the Lord your God,(D) who brought you out(E) of Egypt,(F) out of the land of slavery.(G)

“You shall have no other gods before[a] me.(H)

“You shall not make for yourself an image(I) in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship(J) them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God,(K) punishing the children for the sin of the parents(L) to the third and fourth generation(M) of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand(N) generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.

“You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.(O)

“Remember the Sabbath(P) day by keeping it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work,(Q) 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath(R) to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth,(S) the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested(T) on the seventh day.(U) Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.

12 “Honor your father and your mother,(V) so that you may live long(W) in the land(X) the Lord your God is giving you.

13 “You shall not murder.(Y)

14 “You shall not commit adultery.(Z)

15 “You shall not steal.(AA)

16 “You shall not give false testimony(AB) against your neighbor.(AC)

17 “You shall not covet(AD) your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”

18 When the people saw the thunder and lightning and heard the trumpet(AE) and saw the mountain in smoke,(AF) they trembled with fear.(AG) They stayed at a distance 19 and said to Moses, “Speak to us yourself and we will listen. But do not have God speak(AH) to us or we will die.”(AI)

20 Moses said to the people, “Do not be afraid.(AJ) God has come to test(AK) you, so that the fear(AL) of God will be with you to keep you from sinning.”(AM)

21 The people remained at a distance, while Moses approached the thick darkness(AN) where God was.

Idols and Altars

22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Tell the Israelites this: ‘You have seen for yourselves that I have spoken to you from heaven:(AO) 23 Do not make any gods to be alongside me;(AP) do not make for yourselves gods of silver or gods of gold.(AQ)

24 “‘Make an altar(AR) of earth for me and sacrifice on it your burnt offerings(AS) and fellowship offerings, your sheep and goats and your cattle. Wherever I cause my name(AT) to be honored, I will come to you and bless(AU) you. 25 If you make an altar of stones for me, do not build it with dressed stones, for you will defile it if you use a tool(AV) on it. 26 And do not go up to my altar on steps, or your private parts(AW) may be exposed.’


  1. Exodus 20:3 Or besides

“Tell Aaron and his sons to treat with respect the sacred offerings(A) the Israelites consecrate to me, so they will not profane my holy name.(B) I am the Lord.(C)

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Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God, the Lord is one.[a](A)

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  1. Deuteronomy 6:4 Or The Lord our God is one Lord; or The Lord is our God, the Lord is one; or The Lord is our God, the Lord alone

Is this the way you repay(A) the Lord,
    you foolish(B) and unwise people?(C)
Is he not your Father,(D) your Creator,[a]
    who made you and formed you?(E)

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  1. Deuteronomy 32:6 Or Father, who bought you

David’s Prayer

10 David praised the Lord in the presence of the whole assembly, saying,

“Praise be to you, Lord,
    the God of our father Israel,
    from everlasting to everlasting.

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Psalm 19[a]

For the director of music. A psalm of David.

The heavens(A) declare(B) the glory of God;(C)
    the skies(D) proclaim the work of his hands.(E)
Day after day they pour forth speech;
    night after night they reveal knowledge.(F)
They have no speech, they use no words;
    no sound is heard from them.

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  1. Psalm 19:1 In Hebrew texts 19:1-14 is numbered 19:2-15.

For I am the Lord your God,(A)
    the Holy One(B) of Israel, your Savior;(C)
I give Egypt(D) for your ransom,
    Cush[a](E) and Seba(F) in your stead.(G)

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  1. Isaiah 43:3 That is, the upper Nile region

15 I am the Lord,(A) your Holy One,
    Israel’s Creator,(B) your King.(C)

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Yet you, Lord, are our Father.(A)
    We are the clay, you are the potter;(B)
    we are all the work of your hand.(C)

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10 But the Lord is the true God;
    he is the living God,(A) the eternal King.(B)
When he is angry,(C) the earth trembles;(D)
    the nations cannot endure his wrath.(E)

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13 Lord, you are the hope(A) of Israel;
    all who forsake(B) you will be put to shame.
Those who turn away from you will be written in the dust(C)
    because they have forsaken the Lord,
    the spring of living water.(D)

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