Made Alive in Christ

As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins,(A) in which you used to live(B) when you followed the ways of this world(C) and of the ruler of the kingdom of the air,(D) the spirit who is now at work in those who are disobedient.(E) All of us also lived among them at one time,(F) gratifying the cravings of our flesh[a](G) and following its desires and thoughts. Like the rest, we were by nature deserving of wrath. But because of his great love for us,(H) God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions(I)—it is by grace you have been saved.(J) And God raised us up with Christ(K) and seated us with him(L) in the heavenly realms(M) in Christ Jesus, in order that in the coming ages he might show the incomparable riches of his grace,(N) expressed in his kindness(O) to us in Christ Jesus. For it is by grace(P) you have been saved,(Q) through faith(R)—and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God— not by works,(S) so that no one can boast.(T) 10 For we are God’s handiwork,(U) created(V) in Christ Jesus to do good works,(W) which God prepared in advance for us to do.

Jew and Gentile Reconciled Through Christ

11 Therefore, remember that formerly(X) you who are Gentiles by birth and called “uncircumcised” by those who call themselves “the circumcision” (which is done in the body by human hands)(Y) 12 remember that at that time you were separate from Christ, excluded from citizenship in Israel and foreigners(Z) to the covenants of the promise,(AA) without hope(AB) and without God in the world. 13 But now in Christ Jesus you who once(AC) were far away have been brought near(AD) by the blood of Christ.(AE)

14 For he himself is our peace,(AF) who has made the two groups one(AG) and has destroyed the barrier, the dividing wall of hostility, 15 by setting aside in his flesh(AH) the law with its commands and regulations.(AI) His purpose was to create in himself one(AJ) new humanity out of the two, thus making peace, 16 and in one body to reconcile both of them to God through the cross,(AK) by which he put to death their hostility. 17 He came and preached peace(AL) to you who were far away and peace to those who were near.(AM) 18 For through him we both have access(AN) to the Father(AO) by one Spirit.(AP)

19 Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers,(AQ) but fellow citizens(AR) with God’s people and also members of his household,(AS) 20 built(AT) on the foundation(AU) of the apostles and prophets,(AV) with Christ Jesus himself(AW) as the chief cornerstone.(AX) 21 In him the whole building is joined together and rises to become a holy temple(AY) in the Lord. 22 And in him you too are being built together to become a dwelling in which God lives by his Spirit.(AZ)

God’s Marvelous Plan for the Gentiles

For this reason I, Paul, the prisoner(BA) of Christ Jesus for the sake of you Gentiles—

Surely you have heard about the administration of God’s grace that was given to me(BB) for you, that is, the mystery(BC) made known to me by revelation,(BD) as I have already written briefly. In reading this, then, you will be able to understand my insight(BE) into the mystery of Christ, which was not made known to people in other generations as it has now been revealed by the Spirit to God’s holy apostles and prophets.(BF) This mystery is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs(BG) together with Israel, members together of one body,(BH) and sharers together in the promise in Christ Jesus.(BI)

I became a servant of this gospel(BJ) by the gift of God’s grace given me(BK) through the working of his power.(BL) Although I am less than the least of all the Lord’s people,(BM) this grace was given me: to preach to the Gentiles(BN) the boundless riches of Christ,(BO) and to make plain to everyone the administration of this mystery,(BP) which for ages past was kept hidden in God, who created all things. 10 His intent was that now, through the church, the manifold wisdom of God(BQ) should be made known(BR) to the rulers and authorities(BS) in the heavenly realms,(BT) 11 according to his eternal purpose(BU) that he accomplished in Christ Jesus our Lord. 12 In him and through faith in him we may approach God(BV) with freedom and confidence.(BW) 13 I ask you, therefore, not to be discouraged because of my sufferings for you, which are your glory.

A Prayer for the Ephesians

14 For this reason I kneel(BX) before the Father, 15 from whom every family[b] in heaven and on earth derives its name. 16 I pray that out of his glorious riches(BY) he may strengthen you with power(BZ) through his Spirit in your inner being,(CA) 17 so that Christ may dwell in your hearts(CB) through faith. And I pray that you, being rooted(CC) and established in love, 18 may have power, together with all the Lord’s holy people,(CD) to grasp how wide and long and high and deep(CE) is the love of Christ, 19 and to know this love that surpasses knowledge(CF)—that you may be filled(CG) to the measure of all the fullness of God.(CH)

20 Now to him who is able(CI) to do immeasurably more than all we ask(CJ) or imagine, according to his power(CK) that is at work within us, 21 to him be glory in the church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for ever and ever! Amen.(CL)


  1. Ephesians 2:3 In contexts like this, the Greek word for flesh (sarx) refers to the sinful state of human beings, often presented as a power in opposition to the Spirit.
  2. Ephesians 3:15 The Greek for family (patria) is derived from the Greek for father (pater).