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Clean and Unclean Animals

14 “You are (A)the sons of Yahweh your God; (B)you shall not gash yourselves nor [a]shave your forehead for the sake of the dead. For you are (C)a holy people to Yahweh your God, and Yahweh has chosen you to be a (D)people for His [b]treasured possession out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

(E)You shall not eat any abominable thing. (F)These are the animals which you may eat: the ox, the sheep, the goat, [c]the deer, the gazelle, the roebuck, the wild goat, the ibex, the antelope, and the mountain sheep. And any animal that divides the hoof and has the hoof split in [d]two and [e]chews the cud, among the animals, that one you may eat. Nevertheless, you are not to eat of these among those which [f]chew the cud or among those that divide the hoof in [g]two: the camel and the [h]rabbit and the [i]shaphan, for though they [j]chew the cud, they do not divide the hoof; they are unclean for you. And the pig, because it divides the hoof but does not chew the cud, it is unclean for you. You shall not eat any of their flesh nor touch their carcasses.

“These you may eat of all that are in water: anything that has fins and scales you may eat, 10 but anything that does not have fins and scales you shall not eat; it is unclean for you.

11 “You may eat any clean bird. 12 But (G)these are the ones which you shall not eat: the [k]eagle and the vulture and the [l]buzzard, 13 and the red kite, the falcon, and the kite in their kinds, 14 and every raven in its kind, 15 and the ostrich, the owl, the gull, and the hawk in their kinds, 16 the little owl, the [m]great owl, the white owl, 17 the pelican, the carrion vulture, the cormorant, 18 the stork, and the heron in their kinds, and the hoopoe and the bat. 19 And all the [n]teeming life with wings are unclean to you; they shall not be eaten. 20 You may eat any clean bird.

21 (H)You shall not eat anything which dies of itself. You may give it to the sojourner who is within your gates, so that he may eat it, or you may sell it to a foreigner, for you are (I)a holy people to Yahweh your God. (J)You shall not boil a young goat in its mother’s milk.

22 “You (K)shall surely tithe all the produce from [o]what you sow, which comes out of the field every year. 23 And you shall eat in the presence of Yahweh your God, (L)at the place where He chooses for His name to dwell, the tithe of your grain, your new wine, your oil, and the firstborn of your herd and your flock, so that you may (M)learn to fear Yahweh your God all your days. 24 And if the [p]distance is so great for you that you are not able to [q]bring the tithe, since the place where Yahweh your God chooses (N)to set His name is too far away from you when Yahweh your God blesses you, 25 then you shall [r]exchange it for money and bind the money in your hand and go to the place which Yahweh your God chooses. 26 And you may spend the money for whatever your [s]heart desires: for oxen or sheep or wine or strong drink or whatever your [t]heart [u]desires; and (O)there you shall eat in the presence of Yahweh your God and be glad, you and your household. 27 Also you shall not forsake (P)the Levite who is within your gates, (Q)for he has no portion or inheritance among you.

28 (R)At the end of every third year you shall bring out all the tithe of your produce in that year and shall deposit it within your gates. 29 And the Levite, (S)because he has no portion or inheritance among you, and (T)the sojourner, the [v]orphan, and the widow who are within your gates, shall come and (U)eat and be satisfied, in order that (V)Yahweh your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you do.


  1. Deuteronomy 14:1 Lit make a baldness between your eyes
  2. Deuteronomy 14:2 Or special treasure
  3. Deuteronomy 14:5 Exact identification of these animals is uncertain
  4. Deuteronomy 14:6 Lit two hoofs
  5. Deuteronomy 14:6 Lit brings up
  6. Deuteronomy 14:7 Lit brings up
  7. Deuteronomy 14:7 Lit a cleaving
  8. Deuteronomy 14:7 Or hare
  9. Deuteronomy 14:7 A small, shy, furry animal (Hyrax syriacus) found in the peninsula of the Sinai, northern Israel, and the region round the Dead Sea; KJV coney, orig NASB rock badger
  10. Deuteronomy 14:7 Lit brings up
  11. Deuteronomy 14:12 Or vulture
  12. Deuteronomy 14:12 Or black vulture
  13. Deuteronomy 14:16 Or great horned owl
  14. Deuteronomy 14:19 Flying insects
  15. Deuteronomy 14:22 Lit your seed
  16. Deuteronomy 14:24 Lit way
  17. Deuteronomy 14:24 Lit carry it
  18. Deuteronomy 14:25 Lit give in money
  19. Deuteronomy 14:26 Lit soul
  20. Deuteronomy 14:26 Lit soul
  21. Deuteronomy 14:26 Lit asks of you
  22. Deuteronomy 14:29 Or fatherless