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Kingdoms and Wars

11 “Now I, in the (A)first year of Darius the Mede, [a]I stood to strengthen and to be a fortress for him. So now I will tell you the (B)truth. Behold, three more kings are going to stand [b]in Persia. Then a fourth will gain far more riches than all of them; as soon as he becomes strong through his riches, [c]he will arouse the whole empire against the kingdom of [d](C)Greece. And a (D)mighty king will stand, and he will [e]dominate with great [f]domination and (E)do as he pleases. But as soon as he stands, his kingdom will be broken up and parceled out (F)toward the (G)four winds of [g]heaven, but not to his own descendants, nor according to his [h]domination with which he [i]dominated, for his kingdom will be (H)uprooted and given to others besides [j]them.

“Then the (I)king of the South will grow strong, [k]along with one of his princes [l]who will grow strong over him and [m]obtain dominion; indeed, his [n]domain will be a great [o]dominion. And [p]after some years they will form an alliance, and the daughter of the king of the South will come to the (J)king of the North to carry out [q]an equitable arrangement. But she will not retain her [r]position of power, nor will he continue to stand with his [s]power, but she will be given up, along with those who brought her in and the one who fathered her as well as he who strengthened her in those times. But one of the [t]descendants of her line will stand in his place, and he will come against their military force and enter the (K)fortress of the king of the North, and he will deal with them and display strength. And also their (L)gods with their [u]metal images and their desirable vessels of silver and gold he will bring into captivity to Egypt, and he on his part will stand back from attacking the king of the North for some years. Then [v]the latter will enter the kingdom of the king of the South, but will return to his own land.

10 “And his sons will wage war. So they will gather a multitude of great forces; and one of them will keep on coming and (M)overflow and pass through, that he may [w]again wage war up to his very fortress. 11 And the (N)king of the South will be enraged and go forth and fight [x]with the king of the North. Then the latter will cause a great multitude to stand, but that multitude will be given into [y]the hand of the former. 12 Then the multitude will be carried away, his heart will be lifted up, and he will cause tens of thousands to fall; yet he will not prevail. 13 And the king of the North will again cause a much greater multitude than the former to stand, and at the (O)end of the times of those years, he will keep on coming with a great military force and much equipment.

14 “Now in those times many will stand against the king of the South; the violent ones among your people will also lift themselves up in order to cause the vision to stand, but they will [z]fall down. 15 Then the king of the North will come, cast up a (P)siege ramp, and capture a well-fortified city; and the might of the South will not stand, not even [aa]their choicest troops, for there will be no strength to make a stand. 16 But he who comes against him will (Q)do as he pleases, and (R)no one will be able to stand in [ab]opposition to him; he will also stand for a time in the [ac](S)Beautiful Land, with destruction in his hand. 17 And he will (T)set his face to come with the authority of his whole kingdom, [ad]bringing with him [ae]an equitable proposal which he will [af]put into effect; he will also give him the daughter of women to destroy it. But she will not take a stand for him or be [ag]on his side. 18 Then he will turn his face to the (U)coastlands and capture many. But a ruler will make his reproach against him cease; moreover, he will (V)repay him for his reproach. 19 So he will turn his face toward the fortresses of his own land, but he will (W)stumble and fall and be (X)found no more.

20 “Then in his place one will stand who will (Y)have an [ah]oppressor pass through the [ai]Jewel of his kingdom; yet within a few days he will be broken, though not in anger nor in battle. 21 And in his place a despised person will stand, to whom the splendor of the kingdom has not been given, but he will come in a time of ease and (Z)take hold of the kingdom by intrigue. 22 But the overflowing [aj](AA)might will be flooded away before him and broken, and also the prince of the covenant. 23 And after an alliance is made with him, he will [ak]practice deception, and he will go up and gain power with a small force of people. 24 [al]In a time of ease he will enter the (AB)richest parts of the province, and he will do what his fathers never did, nor his fathers’ fathers; he will distribute plunder, spoil, and possessions among them, and he will devise his schemes against strongholds, but only for a time. 25 And he will stir up his strength and heart against the (AC)king of the South with a great military force; so the king of the South will wage war with an extremely large and mighty military force for war; but he will not stand, for schemes will be devised against him. 26 And those who eat his choice food will break him, and his military force will [am](AD)overflow, but many will fall down slain. 27 And as for both kings, their hearts will be intent on (AE)evil, and they will (AF)speak falsehood at the same table; but it will not succeed, for the (AG)end is still to come at the appointed time. 28 Then he will return to his land with great possessions; but his heart will be set against the holy covenant, and he will take action and then return to his own land.

29 “At the appointed time he will return and come into the South, but [an]this last time it will not happen the way it did before. 30 Indeed, ships of [ao](AH)Kittim will come against him; therefore he will be disheartened and will return and become indignant at the holy covenant and take action; so he will come back and show regard for those who forsake the holy covenant. 31 Mighty forces from him will stand, (AI)profane the sanctuary fortress, and abolish the regular sacrifice. And they will set up the (AJ)abomination [ap]of desolation. 32 And by (AK)smooth words he will [aq]turn to godlessness those who act wickedly toward the covenant, but the people who know their God will display (AL)strength and take action. 33 And [ar](AM)those who have insight among the people will give understanding to the many; yet they will (AN)fall by sword and by flame, by captivity and by plunder for many days. 34 Now when they fall, they will be granted a little help, and many will (AO)join with them in [as](AP)intrigue. 35 And some of [at]those who have insight will fall, in order to (AQ)refine, (AR)purge, and make them [au](AS)pure until the time of the (AT)end, because it is still to come at the appointed time.

36 “Then the king will (AU)do as he pleases, and he will exalt and (AV)magnify himself above every god and will (AW)speak [av]astonishing things against the (AX)God of gods; and he will succeed until the (AY)indignation is finished, for that which is (AZ)decreed will be done. 37 He will show no regard for the [aw]gods of his fathers or for the desire of women, nor will he show regard for any other god; for he will magnify himself above them all. 38 But [ax]instead he will honor a god of fortresses, a god whom his fathers did not know; he will honor him with gold, silver, costly stones, and desirable things. 39 And he will take action against the strongest of fortresses with the help of a foreign god; he will give great honor to [ay]those who recognize him and will cause them to rule over the many and will apportion land for a price.

40 “And at (BA)the time of the end, the (BB)king of the South will collide with him, and the (BC)king of the North will (BD)storm against him with chariots, with horsemen, and with many ships; and he will enter lands, (BE)overflow them, and pass through. 41 And he will also enter the [az](BF)Beautiful Land, and many countries will fall; but these will be rescued out of his hand: Edom, (BG)Moab, and the foremost of the sons of (BH)Ammon. 42 Then he will send forth his hand against other countries, and the land of Egypt will not escape. 43 But he will rule over the hidden treasures of gold and silver and over all the desirable things of Egypt; and (BI)Libyans and (BJ)Ethiopians will follow at his [ba]heels. 44 But reports from the East and from the North will dismay him, and he will go forth with great wrath to destroy and [bb]devote many to destruction. 45 And he will pitch the tents of his royal pavilion between the seas and the beautiful (BK)Holy Mountain; yet he will come to his end, and no one will help him.


  1. Daniel 11:1 Lit my standing up was
  2. Daniel 11:2 Lit for
  3. Daniel 11:2 Or they all will stir up the realm of Greece
  4. Daniel 11:2 Heb Javan
  5. Daniel 11:3 Lit rule
  6. Daniel 11:3 Lit rulership
  7. Daniel 11:4 Or the sky
  8. Daniel 11:4 Lit rulership
  9. Daniel 11:4 Lit ruled
  10. Daniel 11:4 His descendants
  11. Daniel 11:5 Lit and
  12. Daniel 11:5 Lit and he
  13. Daniel 11:5 Lit and then rule
  14. Daniel 11:5 Lit rule
  15. Daniel 11:5 Lit rule
  16. Daniel 11:6 Lit at the end of
  17. Daniel 11:6 Or an upright agreement
  18. Daniel 11:6 Lit strength of arm
  19. Daniel 11:6 Lit arm
  20. Daniel 11:7 Lit branch of her roots
  21. Daniel 11:8 Lit cast images
  22. Daniel 11:9 Lit he will, so in ch
  23. Daniel 11:10 Or return and wage
  24. Daniel 11:11 Lit with him, with
  25. Daniel 11:11 Lit his hand
  26. Daniel 11:14 Lit stumble, so in ch
  27. Daniel 11:15 Lit the people of its choice ones
  28. Daniel 11:16 Lit before
  29. Daniel 11:16 Israel
  30. Daniel 11:17 Lit and
  31. Daniel 11:17 Lit upright things
  32. Daniel 11:17 Lit do
  33. Daniel 11:17 For her father; lit for him
  34. Daniel 11:20 Or exactor of tribute
  35. Daniel 11:20 Lit adornment
  36. Daniel 11:22 Or power, cf. 11:6; lit arms
  37. Daniel 11:23 Lit do
  38. Daniel 11:24 Lit Into tranquility and the richest...he will enter
  39. Daniel 11:26 Or be swept away, and many
  40. Daniel 11:29 Lit it will not happen as the first and as the last
  41. Daniel 11:30 Cyprus
  42. Daniel 11:31 Or that causes horror; lit that makes desolate
  43. Daniel 11:32 Or pollute those
  44. Daniel 11:33 Or instructors of the people
  45. Daniel 11:34 Or hypocrisy
  46. Daniel 11:35 Or the instructors
  47. Daniel 11:35 Lit white
  48. Daniel 11:36 Or wondrous; lit extraordinary
  49. Daniel 11:37 Or God
  50. Daniel 11:38 Lit in his place
  51. Daniel 11:39 Lit the one who acknowledges
  52. Daniel 11:41 Israel
  53. Daniel 11:43 Lit footsteps
  54. Daniel 11:44 Lit devote to destruction