Sennacherib Invades Judah

32 After these [a]acts of faithfulness (A)Sennacherib king of Assyria came and invaded Judah and besieged the fortified cities, and [b]thought to break into them for himself.

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  1. 2 Chronicles 32:1 Lit things and this faithfulness
  2. 2 Chronicles 32:1 Lit said

Sennacherib Invades Judah

36 (A)Now in the fourteenth year of King Hezekiah, (B)Sennacherib king of Assyria came up against all the fortified cities of Judah and seized them. And the (C)king of Assyria sent Rabshakeh from Lachish to Jerusalem to King Hezekiah with a large army. And he stood by the (D)conduit of the upper pool on the highway of the [a]fuller’s field. Then (E)Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and (F)Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came out to him.

Then (G)Rabshakeh said to them, “Say now to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says the great king, the king of Assyria, “What is this confidence that you [b]have? I say, ‘Your counsel and strength for the war are only [c]empty words.’ Now on whom do you rely, that (H)you have rebelled against me? Behold, you rely on the (I)staff of this crushed reed, even on Egypt, on which if a man leans, it will go into his [d]hand and pierce it. (J)So is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all who rely on him. But if you say to me, ‘We trust in the Lord our God,’ is it not He (K)whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah has taken away and has said to Judah and to Jerusalem, ‘You shall worship before this altar’? Now therefore, [e]come make a bargain with my master the king of Assyria, and I will give you two thousand horses, if you are able on your part to set riders on them. How then can you [f]repulse one [g]official of the least of my master’s servants and [h](L)rely on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 10 Have I now come up [i]without the Lord’s approval against this land to destroy it? (M)The Lord said to me, ‘Go up against this land and destroy it.’”’”

11 Then Eliakim and Shebna and Joah said to Rabshakeh, “Speak now to your servants in (N)Aramaic, for we [j]understand it; and do not speak with us in [k](O)Judean in the hearing of the people who are on the wall.” 12 But Rabshakeh said, “Has my master sent me only to your master and to you to speak these words, and not to the men who sit on the wall, doomed to eat their own dung and drink their own urine with you?”

13 Then Rabshakeh stood and (P)cried with a loud voice in Judean and said, “Hear the words of the great king, the king of Assyria. 14 Thus says the king, ‘Do not let Hezekiah (Q)deceive you, for he will not be able to deliver you; 15 nor let Hezekiah make you (R)trust in the Lord, saying, “The Lord will surely deliver us, this city will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” 16 Do not listen to Hezekiah,’ for thus says the king of Assyria, ‘[l]Make your peace with me and come out to me, and eat each of his (S)vine and each of his fig tree and drink each of the (T)waters of his own cistern, 17 until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of grain and new wine, a land of bread and vineyards. 18 Beware that Hezekiah does not mislead you, saying, “(U)The Lord will deliver us.” Has any one of the gods of the nations delivered his land from the hand of the king of Assyria? 19 Where are the gods of (V)Hamath and Arpad? Where are the gods of (W)Sepharvaim? And when have they (X)delivered Samaria from my hand? 20 Who among all the (Y)gods of these lands have delivered their land from my hand, that the (Z)Lord would deliver Jerusalem from my hand?’”

21 But they were silent and (AA)answered him not a word; for the king’s commandment was, “Do not answer him.” 22 Then (AB)Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, who was over the household, and (AC)Shebna the scribe and Joah the son of Asaph, the recorder, came to Hezekiah with their clothes torn and told him the words of Rabshakeh.

Hezekiah Seeks Isaiah’s Help

37 And (AD)when King Hezekiah heard it, he tore his clothes, covered himself with sackcloth and entered the house of the Lord. Then he sent (AE)Eliakim who was over the household with (AF)Shebna the scribe and the elders of the priests, covered with sackcloth, to (AG)Isaiah the prophet, the son of Amoz. They said to him, “Thus says Hezekiah, ‘This day is a (AH)day of distress, rebuke and rejection; for (AI)children have come to birth, and there is no strength to [m]deliver. Perhaps the Lord your God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom his master the king of Assyria has sent to (AJ)reproach the living God, and will rebuke the words which the Lord your God has heard. Therefore, offer a prayer for (AK)the remnant that is left.’”

So the servants of King Hezekiah came to Isaiah. Isaiah said to them, “Thus you shall say to your master, ‘Thus says the Lord, “(AL)Do not be afraid because of the words that you have heard, with which the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed Me. Behold, I will put a spirit in him so that he will (AM)hear a rumor and (AN)return to his own land. And I will make him fall by the sword in his own land.”’”

Then Rabshakeh returned and found the king of Assyria fighting against (AO)Libnah, for he had heard that [n]the king had left (AP)Lachish. When he (AQ)heard them say concerning Tirhakah king of [o](AR)Cush, “He has come out to fight against you,” and when he heard it he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying, 10 “Thus you shall say to Hezekiah king of [p]Judah, ‘(AS)Do not let your God in whom you trust deceive you, saying, “Jerusalem will not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.” 11 (AT)Behold, you have heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all the lands, destroying them completely. So will you be [q]spared? 12 Did the gods of [r]those nations which my fathers have destroyed deliver them, even (AU)Gozan and (AV)Haran and Rezeph and the sons of Eden who were in Telassar? 13 Where is the king of Hamath, the king of Arpad, the king of the city of Sepharvaim, and of Hena and Ivvah?’”

Hezekiah’s Prayer in the Temple

14 Then Hezekiah took the [s]letter from the hand of the messengers and read it, and he went up to the house of the Lord and [t]spread it out before the Lord. 15 Hezekiah prayed to the Lord saying, 16 “O Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, (AW)who is enthroned above the cherubim, You are the (AX)God, You alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth. (AY)You have made heaven and earth. 17 (AZ)Incline Your ear, O Lord, and hear; open Your eyes, O Lord, and see; and (BA)listen to all the words of Sennacherib, who sent them to (BB)reproach the living God. 18 Truly, O Lord, the (BC)kings of Assyria have devastated all the countries and their lands, 19 and have cast their gods into the fire, for they were not gods but the (BD)work of men’s hands, wood and stone. So they have (BE)destroyed them. 20 Now, O Lord our God, (BF)deliver us from his hand that (BG)all the kingdoms of the earth may know that You alone, Lord, [u]are God.”

God Answers through Isaiah

21 Then (BH)Isaiah the son of Amoz sent word to Hezekiah, saying, “Thus says the Lord, the God of Israel, ‘Because you have prayed to Me about Sennacherib king of Assyria, 22 this is the word that the Lord has spoken against him:

“She has despised you and mocked you,
The (BI)virgin (BJ)daughter of Zion;
She has (BK)shaken her head behind you,
The daughter of Jerusalem!
23 “Whom have you (BL)reproached and blasphemed?
And against whom have you raised your voice
And [v]haughtily (BM)lifted up your eyes?
Against the (BN)Holy One of Israel!
24 “Through your servants you have reproached the Lord,
And you have said, ‘With my many chariots I came up to the heights of the mountains,
To the remotest parts of (BO)Lebanon;
And I cut down its tall (BP)cedars and its choice cypresses.
And I will go to its [w]highest peak, its thickest (BQ)forest.
25 ‘I dug wells and drank waters,
And (BR)with the sole of my feet I dried up
All the rivers of [x]Egypt.’
26 (BS)Have you not heard?
Long ago I did it,
From ancient times I (BT)planned it.
Now (BU)I have brought it to pass,
That (BV)you should turn fortified cities into (BW)ruinous heaps.
27 “Therefore their inhabitants were short of strength,
They were dismayed and put to shame;
They were as the (BX)vegetation of the field and as the green herb,
As (BY)grass on the housetops [y]is scorched before it is grown up.
28 “But I (BZ)know your sitting down
And your going out and your coming in
And your raging against Me.
29 “Because of your raging against Me
And because your [z](CA)arrogance has come up to My ears,
Therefore I will put My (CB)hook in your nose
And My (CC)bridle in your lips,
And I will turn you back (CD)by the way which you came.

30 “Then this shall be the sign for you: [aa]you will eat this year what (CE)grows of itself, in the second year what springs from the same, and in the third year sow, reap, plant vineyards and eat their fruit. 31 The (CF)surviving (CG)remnant of the house of Judah will again (CH)take root downward and bear fruit upward. 32 For out of Jerusalem will go forth a (CI)remnant and out of Mount Zion [ab]survivors. The (CJ)zeal of the Lord of hosts will perform this.”’

33 “Therefore, thus says the Lord concerning the king of Assyria, ‘He will not come to this city or shoot an arrow there; and he will not come before it with a shield, or throw up a (CK)siege ramp against it. 34 (CL)By the way that he came, by the same he will return, and he will not come to this city,’ declares the Lord. 35 ‘For I will (CM)defend this city to save it (CN)for My own sake and for My servant David’s sake.’”

Assyrians Destroyed

36 Then the (CO)angel of the Lord went out and struck 185,000 in the camp of the Assyrians; and when [ac]men arose early in the morning, behold, all of these were [ad]dead. 37 So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed and [ae]returned home and lived at (CP)Nineveh. 38 It came about as he was worshiping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons killed him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of (CQ)Ararat. And (CR)Esarhaddon his son became king in his place.

Hezekiah Healed

38 (CS)In those days Hezekiah became [af]mortally ill. And (CT)Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz came to him and said to him, “Thus says the Lord, ‘(CU)Set your house in order, for you shall die and not live.’” Then Hezekiah turned his face to the wall and prayed to the Lord, and said, “(CV)Remember now, O Lord, I beseech You, how I have (CW)walked before You in truth and with a (CX)whole heart, and (CY)have done what is good in Your sight.” And Hezekiah (CZ)wept [ag]bitterly.

Then the word of the Lord came to Isaiah, saying, “Go and say to Hezekiah, ‘Thus says the Lord, the God of your father David, “I have heard your prayer, I have seen your tears; behold, I will add (DA)fifteen years to your [ah]life. I will (DB)deliver you and this city from the hand of the king of Assyria; and I will defend this city.”’

“This shall be the (DC)sign to you from the Lord, that the Lord will do this thing that He has spoken: Behold, I will (DD)cause the shadow on the stairway, which has gone down with the sun on the stairway of Ahaz, to go back ten steps.” So the (DE)sun’s shadow went back ten steps on the stairway on which it had gone down.

A writing of Hezekiah king of Judah after his illness and [ai]recovery:

10 I said, “(DF)In the middle of my [aj]life
I am to enter the (DG)gates of Sheol;
I am to be (DH)deprived of the rest of my years.”
11 I said, “I will not see the Lord,
The Lord (DI)in the land of the living;
I will look on man no more among the inhabitants of the world.
12 “Like a shepherd’s (DJ)tent my dwelling is pulled up and removed from me;
As a (DK)weaver I (DL)rolled up my life.
He (DM)cuts me off from the loom;
From (DN)day until night You make an end of me.
13 “I composed my soul until morning.
(DO)Like a lion—so He (DP)breaks all my bones,
From (DQ)day until night You make an end of me.
14 (DR)Like a swallow, like a crane, so I twitter;
I (DS)moan like a dove;
My (DT)eyes look wistfully to the heights;
O Lord, I am oppressed, be my (DU)security.

15 (DV)What shall I say?
[ak]For He has spoken to me, and He Himself has done it;
I will (DW)wander about all my years because of the (DX)bitterness of my soul.
16 “O Lord, (DY)by these things men live,
And in all these is the life of my spirit;
[al](DZ)O restore me to health and (EA)let me live!
17 “Lo, for my own welfare I had great bitterness;
It is You who has [am](EB)kept my soul from the pit of [an]nothingness,
For You have (EC)cast all my sins behind Your back.
18 “For (ED)Sheol cannot thank You,
Death cannot praise You;
Those who go down (EE)to the pit cannot hope for Your faithfulness.
19 “It is the (EF)living who give thanks to You, as I do today;
A (EG)father tells his sons about Your faithfulness.
20 “The Lord will surely save me;
So we will (EH)play my songs on stringed instruments
(EI)All the days of our life (EJ)at the house of the Lord.”

21 Now (EK)Isaiah had said, “Let them take a cake of figs and apply it to the boil, that he may recover.” 22 Then Hezekiah had said, “What is the (EL)sign that I shall go up to the house of the Lord?”

Hezekiah Shows His Treasures

39 (EM)At that time Merodach-baladan son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah, for he heard that he had been sick and had recovered. Hezekiah [ao]was (EN)pleased, and showed them all his treasure house, the (EO)silver and the gold and the spices and the precious oil and his whole armory and all that was found in his treasuries. There was nothing in his house nor in all his dominion that Hezekiah did not show them. Then Isaiah the (EP)prophet came to King Hezekiah and said to him, “What did these men say, and from where have they come to you?” And Hezekiah said, “They have come to me from a far (EQ)country, from Babylon.” He said, “What have they seen in your house?” So Hezekiah [ap]answered, “They have seen all that is in my house; there is nothing among my treasuries that I have not shown them.”

Then Isaiah said to Hezekiah, “Hear the (ER)word of the Lord of hosts, ‘Behold, the days are coming when (ES)all that is in your house and all that your fathers have laid up in store to this day will be carried to Babylon; nothing will be left,’ says the Lord. ‘And some of your sons who will issue from you, whom you will beget, (ET)will be taken away, and (EU)they will become officials in the palace of the king of Babylon.’” (EV)Then Hezekiah said to Isaiah, “The word of the Lord which you have spoken is good.” For he [aq]thought, “For there will be peace and truth (EW)in my days.”


  1. Isaiah 36:2 I.e. launderer’s
  2. Isaiah 36:4 Lit trust
  3. Isaiah 36:5 Lit words of lips
  4. Isaiah 36:6 Lit palm
  5. Isaiah 36:8 Lit please exchange pledges
  6. Isaiah 36:9 Lit turn away the face of
  7. Isaiah 36:9 Or governor
  8. Isaiah 36:9 Lit rely on for yourself
  9. Isaiah 36:10 Lit without the Lord
  10. Isaiah 36:11 Lit hear
  11. Isaiah 36:11 I.e. Hebrew
  12. Isaiah 36:16 Lit Make with me a blessing
  13. Isaiah 37:3 Lit give birth
  14. Isaiah 37:8 Lit he
  15. Isaiah 37:9 Or Ethiopia
  16. Isaiah 37:10 Lit Judah, saying
  17. Isaiah 37:11 Lit delivered
  18. Isaiah 37:12 Lit the
  19. Isaiah 37:14 Lit letters
  20. Isaiah 37:14 Lit Hezekiah spread
  21. Isaiah 37:20 So DSS and 2 Kin 19:19; M.T. omits God
  22. Isaiah 37:23 Lit on high
  23. Isaiah 37:24 Lit farthest height
  24. Isaiah 37:25 Or the besieged place
  25. Isaiah 37:27 So DSS and 2 Kin 19:26; M.T. as a plowed field
  26. Isaiah 37:29 Lit complacency
  27. Isaiah 37:30 Lit eating
  28. Isaiah 37:32 Lit those who escape
  29. Isaiah 37:36 Lit they
  30. Isaiah 37:36 Lit dead bodies
  31. Isaiah 37:37 Lit went and returned
  32. Isaiah 38:1 Lit sick to the point of death
  33. Isaiah 38:3 Lit great weeping
  34. Isaiah 38:5 Lit days
  35. Isaiah 38:9 Lit he lived after his illness
  36. Isaiah 38:10 Lit days
  37. Isaiah 38:15 Targum and DSS read And what shall I say for He
  38. Isaiah 38:16 Lit You will
  39. Isaiah 38:17 So some versions; Heb loved
  40. Isaiah 38:17 Or destruction
  41. Isaiah 39:2 Lit rejoiced over them
  42. Isaiah 39:4 Lit said
  43. Isaiah 39:8 Lit said

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