Add parallel Print Page Options

Chapter 22

Ahaziah. The people of Jerusalem then chose Jehoram’s youngest son Ahaziah[a] as his successor, since the troops who had come into the camp with the Arabs had killed all the older sons. Thus Ahaziah, the son of Jehoram, reigned as King of Judah.

Ahaziah was twenty-two years old when he ascended the throne, and he reigned in Jerusalem for one year. His mother’s name was Athaliah, a granddaughter of Omri. He too followed the ways of the house of Ahab, for his mother encouraged him to pursue evil practices. [b]To his own destruction he did what was evil in the sight of the Lord, as the house of Ahab had done, for after his father’s death they became his advisors.

Ahaziah even followed their advice when he made an alliance with Jehoram, the son of King Ahab of Israel, to make war against King Hazael of Aram, at Ramoth-gilead. In that conflict Jehoram was wounded by the Arameans. As a result, Ahaziah, the son of Jehoram, king of Judah, went down to visit Jehoram, the son of Ahab, in Jezreel.

However, it was ordained by God that the visit of Ahaziah to Jehoram should be the occasion of his downfall. For when he arrived there, he went forth with Jehoram to meet Jehu, the son of Nimshi, whom the Lord had anointed to destroy the house of Ahab. While Jehu was executing judgment on the house of Ahab, he also encountered the officials of Judah and the sons of Ahaziah’s brothers, and he killed them.

Then Jehu went forth in search of Ahaziah, and his men captured him while he was hiding in Samaria. They brought Ahaziah to Jehu, who put him to death. However, they buried him, for they said: “He was the grandson of Jehoshaphat who sought the Lord with all his heart.” As a result, there was no one remaining from the house of Ahaziah who was strong enough to rule.

10 When Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah, was told that her son was dead, she was determined to destroy all the royal offspring of the house of Judah. 11 However, Jehosheba, the daughter of King Jehoram, secretly took Joash, the son of Ahaziah, and stole him away from among the king’s sons who were about to be killed, and she put him with his nurse in a bedroom.

In this way, Jehosheba, who was the daughter of King Jehoram and the wife of Jehoiada the priest, as well as a sister of Ahaziah, hid Joash from Athaliah so that she was unable to kill him. 12 Joash remained hidden with them in the house of God for six years while Athaliah reigned over the land.


  1. 2 Chronicles 22:1 Ahaziah: the Jehoahaz of 21:17 (Hebrew text). Both names have the same components, but in inverse order: “Yahweh supports.”
  2. 2 Chronicles 22:4 Ahaziah aligned himself with the same crooked group that had advised his father Jehoram leading to his downfall and death.

Chapter 23

Athaliah Opposed. In the seventh year Jehoiada bolstered his courage and entered into a covenant with regimental commanders: Azariah, son of Jehoram; Ishmael, son of Jehohanan; Azariah, son of Obed; Maaseiah, son of Adaiah; and Elishaphat, son of Zichri. They went throughout Judah, gathering the Levites from all the cities of Judah as well as the heads of the families of Israel, and they came to Jerusalem.

Then the whole assembly made a covenant with the king in the temple of God. Jehoiada said to them: “Here is the king’s son! He will reign as king, as the Lord promised concerning the sons of David. This is what you must do: one-third of you, priests and Levites, who come on duty on the Sabbath, are to guard the gates. Another third are to be assigned to the king’s palace, and the final third are to be stationed at the Foundation Gate, while all the people shall be in the courts of the house of the Lord. Allow no one to enter the house of the Lord except the priests and the Levites who are on duty. They may enter because they are holy, but all the other people must continue to observe the instructions of the Lord. The Levites shall station themselves by surrounding the king on all sides, each one with his weapon drawn, and anyone who tries to enter the temple is to be put to death. They must remain with the king wherever he goes.”

The Levites and all Judah did everything that the priest Jehoiada had commanded. Each one brought his own men, both those who came on duty on the Sabbath and those who were scheduled to go off duty, since Jehoiada the priest had not dismissed any of the divisions. Then the priest handed over to the captains the spears and the large and small shields that belonged to King David and that were stored in the house of God.

10 After that, Jehoiada the priest stationed all the people, each one with a weapon in his hand, from the south side to the north side of the temple and around the altar, while forming a circle around the king. 11 Then they brought forth the king’s son, placed the crown on his head, presented him with the covenant, and proclaimed him king. When Jehoiada and his sons had anointed him, they shouted: “Long live the king!”

12 When Athaliah heard the shouts of the people as they ran forth to proclaim him as king, she went into the house of the Lord where the people had assembled. 13 As she looked on, she beheld the king standing by his pillar[a] at the entrance, with the officers and the trumpeters at the king’s side, and with the people of the land rejoicing and blowing trumpets, while the singers with their musical instruments were leading the celebrations. Thereupon Athaliah tore her clothes and cried out: “Treason! Treason!”

14 Immediately Jehoiada the priest gave the following orders to the captains who were in command of the troops: “Take her outside between the ranks. If anyone tries to follow her, put him to death by the sword!” Then the priest made it clear: “Do not put her to death in the temple of the Lord.” 15 After that they seized her and brought her to the entrance of the Horse Gate of the palace, and there they put her to death.

16 After that, Jehoiada made a covenant between himself and all the people and the king that they should be the Lord’s people. 17 Then all the people went to the temple of Baal and demolished it. They smashed its altars and its images, and they killed Mattan, the priest of Baal, in front of the altars. 18 Jehoiada entrusted the supervision of the temple of the Lord to the Levitical priests whom David had designated to present burnt offerings to the Lord, as prescribed in the law of Moses, with singing and rejoicing as David had ordained. 19 He also stationed guards at the gates of the Lord’s temple to ensure that no one should enter who was in any way unclean.

20 Then Jehoiada took with him the captains of units of a hundred, the nobles, the governors of the people, and all the people of the land and escorted the king down from the house of the Lord. Entering the palace through the Upper Gate, they seated the king on the royal throne. 21 All the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet and serene after Athaliah had been put to death by the sword.


  1. 2 Chronicles 23:13 By his pillar: a special place in the temple court designated for the king during the offerings made on feasts and Sabbaths.

Chapter 4

On that day,
    seven women will take hold of one man, saying,
“We will eat our own food
    and provide for our own clothing.
Just let us bear your name.
    Take away our disgrace.”

The Seed of the Lord[a]

On that day the branch of the Lord
    will be beautiful and glorious,
and the fruit of the land
    will be the pride and splendor
    of the survivors of Israel.
Whoever is left in Zion
    and whoever remains in Jerusalem
will be called holy,
    everyone whose survival in Jerusalem was decreed.
When the Lord has washed away
    the filth of the daughters of Zion
and cleansed the bloodstains of Jerusalem from its midst
    by a spirit of judgment and of cleansing,
then the Lord will create
    over every house on Mount Zion,
    and over those who assemble there,
a cloud of smoke by day
    and a bright flame of fire by night.
The glory of the Lord will be a canopy over all,
    serving as a shade by day from the heat
    and a refuge and a shelter from the storm and the rain.


  1. Isaiah 4:2 The name branch will be given to the future Messiah because he will be the true Son of David, and from him will spring a new people (Jer 23:5; Zec 3:8; 6:12). The promise will stir and direct the hope of the faithful amid the conflicts and failures of coming centuries. John, the seer of Patmos, will see the new Jerusalem in which the promise will find its complete fulfillment (Rev 21).

18 Jesus Heals a Sick Woman and Raises a Dead Girl.[a] While he was saying these things to them, an official[b] came forward. He knelt before him and said, “My daughter has just died. But if you come and lay your hand on her, she will live.” 19 Jesus then rose and followed him, together with his disciples.

20 Suddenly, a woman who had suffered from bleeding for twelve years came up behind him and touched the fringe of his cloak. 21 For she thought to herself, “If only I touch his cloak, I shall be healed.” 22 Jesus turned and saw her, and he said, “Take heart, daughter! Your faith has healed you.” And from that moment the woman was cured.

23 When Jesus arrived at the official’s house and saw the flute players[c] and the crowd making a commotion, 24 he said, “Go away! The girl is not dead; she is asleep,”[d] but they laughed at him. 25 When the people had been sent outside, he went in and took her by the hand, and the little girl stood up. 26 And the news of this spread throughout the entire district.

27 Jesus Heals Two Blind Men. As Jesus proceeded from there, two blind men followed him, crying out loudly, “Son of David,[e] have pity on us.” 28 When he had gone indoors, the blind men approached him. Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I can do this?” They replied, “Yes, Lord, we do.” 29 Then Jesus touched their eyes, saying, “Let it be done for you according to your faith.” 30 And their sight was restored. Then Jesus sternly warned them, “See to it that no one learns about this.” 31 But as soon as they had departed, they spread the news about him throughout that entire district.

32 Jesus Heals a Mute Demoniac. As they left, a man who was possessed and unable to speak was brought to him. 33 When the demon had been driven out, the man who had been mute was able to speak. The crowds were amazed, and they said, “Nothing like this has ever been seen in Israel.” 34 But the Pharisees responded, “He casts out demons by the prince of demons.”[f]

35 The Harvest Is Abundant.[g] Jesus traveled through all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, proclaiming the good news of the kingdom, and curing every kind of illness and disease. 36 When he saw the crowds, he had compassion on them because they were distressed and helpless like sheep without a shepherd. 37 Then he said to his disciples, “The harvest is abundant, but the laborers are few. 38 Therefore, ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers for his harvest.”

Read full chapter


  1. Matthew 9:18 Jesus rewards the faith of a father in distress and the trust of a sick and timid woman. He does not deceive those who believe him to be Master of the impossible. Human beings organize ceremonies of sorrow that are important in the East (v. 23); Jesus brings life, for this twofold gesture announces that in the kingdom of God sickness and death no longer have a place (see Jn 5:26-29): this is the message that the Church must proclaim.
  2. Matthew 9:18 Official: literally, “ruler” or “leader.” See note on Mk 5:22.
  3. Matthew 9:23 Flute players: musicians who were hired to play at mourning ceremonies. Crowd: mourners who were hired to wail and lament.
  4. Matthew 9:24 Asleep: sleep is a metaphor for death (see Ps 87:6 LXX; Dan 12:2; 1 Thes 5:10). Jesus does not deny the child’s death but indicates that she will arise from it as from a sleep.
  5. Matthew 9:27 Son of David: a popular Jewish title for the Messiah who was to come (e.g., Mt 12:23; 20:30; 21:9; 22:41-45; see note on Mt 1:1).
  6. Matthew 9:34 The debate with the Pharisees on this claim will continue in Mt 12:25ff.
  7. Matthew 9:35 As in Mt 4:23-25, the evangelist concludes this part of his book with an action of Christ that shows compassion for the distress of the crowds and inculcates confidence in his followers. Jesus insistently works to impart the mercy of God upon all who come to him. He calls upon all who have the privilege of believing in him and benefiting from his salvation to share his concern for the misery of their neighbors. He seeks people who, like him and after him, will apply themselves to this task.