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With flaming fire he will mete out[a] punishment on those who do not know God[b] and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus. They[c] will undergo the penalty of eternal destruction, away from the presence of the Lord and from the glory of his strength,[d] 10 when he comes to be glorified among his saints and admired[e] on that day among all who have believed—and you did in fact believe our testimony.[f]

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  1. 2 Thessalonians 1:8 tn Grk “meting out,” as a description of Jesus Christ in v. 7. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started at the beginning of v. 8 in the translation.
  2. 2 Thessalonians 1:8 sn An allusion to Jer 10:25, possibly also to Ps 79:6 and Isa 66:15.
  3. 2 Thessalonians 1:9 tn Grk “who,” describing the people mentioned in v. 8. A new sentence was started here in the translation by replacing the relative pronoun with a personal pronoun.
  4. 2 Thessalonians 1:9 tn Or “power,” or “might.” The construction can also be translated as an attributed genitive: “from his glorious strength” (cf. TEV “glorious might”; CEV “glorious strength”; NLT “glorious power”).sn An allusion to Isa 2:10, 19, 21.
  5. 2 Thessalonians 1:10 tn Or “marveled at.”
  6. 2 Thessalonians 1:10 tn Grk “because our testimony to you was believed.”

He will punish(A) those who do not know God(B) and do not obey the gospel of our Lord Jesus.(C) They will be punished with everlasting destruction(D) and shut out from the presence of the Lord(E) and from the glory of his might(F) 10 on the day(G) he comes to be glorified(H) in his holy people and to be marveled at among all those who have believed. This includes you, because you believed our testimony to you.(I)

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