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David Strikes Down Nations

(A)Now it happened afterwards, that David struck the Philistines and subdued them; and David took [a]control of the chief city from the hand of the Philistines.

(B)He also struck (C)Moab, and measured them with the line, making them lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to put to death and one full line to keep alive. And (D)the Moabites became servants to David, (E)bringing tribute.

Then David struck (F)Hadadezer, the son of Rehob king of Zobah, as (G)he went to restore his [b]power at the [c]River. And David captured from him 1,700 horsemen and 20,000 foot soldiers; and David (H)hamstrung all the chariot horses, but left enough of them for 100 chariots. Then (I)the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah. And David struck down 22,000 Arameans. Then David placed garrisons among the Arameans of Damascus; and (J)the Arameans became servants to David, bringing tribute. And (K)Yahweh granted salvation to David wherever he went. And David took the small shields of gold which were [d]carried by the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. Also from [e]Betah and from (L)Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David took a very large amount of bronze.

Then Toi king of (M)Hamath heard that David had struck down all the military force of Hadadezer, 10 so Toi sent [f]Joram his son to King David to [g]greet him and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and struck him down; for Hadadezer [h]had been at war with Toi. And in [i]Joram’s hand were articles of silver, of gold, and of bronze. 11 King David also (N)set these apart as holy to Yahweh, with the silver and the gold that he had set apart as holy from all the nations which he had subdued: 12 from [j]Aram, (O)Moab, (P)the sons of Ammon, (Q)the Philistines, (R)Amalek, and from the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13 So (S)David made a name for himself when he returned from striking down 18,000 [k]Arameans in (T)the Valley of Salt. 14 Then he placed garrisons in Edom. In all Edom he placed garrisons, and (U)all the Edomites became servants to David. And (V)Yahweh granted salvation to David wherever he went.

15 So David reigned over all Israel; and David was doing justice and righteousness for all his people. 16 (W)Now Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the army, and (X)Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was (Y)recorder; 17 (Z)and Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar were (AA)priests, and Seraiah was (AB)scribe; 18 (AC)and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [l]was over the (AD)Cherethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David were [m](AE)priests.


  1. 2 Samuel 8:1 Lit the bridle of the mother city
  2. 2 Samuel 8:3 Or monument; lit hand
  3. 2 Samuel 8:3 The Euphrates River
  4. 2 Samuel 8:7 Lit on
  5. 2 Samuel 8:8 In 1 Chr 18:8, Tibhath
  6. 2 Samuel 8:10 In 1 Chr 18:10, Hadoram
  7. 2 Samuel 8:10 Lit ask him of his welfare
  8. 2 Samuel 8:10 Lit was a man of wars
  9. 2 Samuel 8:10 Lit his
  10. 2 Samuel 8:12 Some mss Edom
  11. 2 Samuel 8:13 Some mss Edom
  12. 2 Samuel 8:18 Lit and the Cherethites
  13. 2 Samuel 8:18 Or chiefs over the priests; possibly a special office associated with the priests, cf. 1 Chr 18:17