1 Timothy 1-6
English Standard Version
2 To Timothy, (E)my true child in the faith:
(F)Grace, mercy, and peace from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord.
Warning Against False Teachers
3 (G)As I urged you when I was going to Macedonia, remain at Ephesus so that you may charge certain persons not (H)to teach any different doctrine, 4 nor (I)to devote themselves to myths and endless (J)genealogies, which promote (K)speculations rather than the stewardship[a] from God that is by faith. 5 The aim of our charge is love (L)that issues from a pure heart and (M)a good conscience and (N)a sincere faith. 6 Certain persons, by (O)swerving from these, have wandered away into (P)vain discussion, 7 desiring to be teachers of the law, (Q)without understanding either what they are saying or the things about which they make confident assertions.
8 Now we know that (R)the law is good, if one uses it lawfully, 9 understanding this, that the (S)law is not laid down for the just but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and sinners, for the unholy and profane, for those who strike their fathers and mothers, for murderers, 10 the sexually immoral, men who practice homosexuality, enslavers,[b] liars, perjurers, and whatever else is contrary to (T)sound[c] doctrine, 11 in accordance with (U)the gospel of the glory of (V)the blessed God (W)with which I have been entrusted.
Christ Jesus Came to Save Sinners
12 I thank him (X)who has given me strength, Christ Jesus our Lord, because he judged me faithful, (Y)appointing me to his service, 13 though formerly I was a blasphemer, (Z)persecutor, and insolent opponent. But (AA)I received mercy (AB)because I had acted ignorantly in unbelief, 14 and (AC)the grace of our Lord overflowed for me with the (AD)faith and love that are in Christ Jesus. 15 The saying is (AE)trustworthy and deserving of full acceptance, that Christ Jesus (AF)came into the world to save sinners, (AG)of whom I am the foremost. 16 But I received mercy for this reason, that in me, as the foremost, Jesus Christ might display his perfect patience as an example to those who were to believe in him for eternal life. 17 To (AH)the King of the ages, (AI)immortal, (AJ)invisible, (AK)the only God, (AL)be honor and glory forever and ever.[d] Amen.
18 This charge (AM)I entrust to you, Timothy, my child, in accordance with (AN)the prophecies previously made about you, that by them you may (AO)wage the good warfare, 19 (AP)holding faith and a good conscience. By rejecting this, some have (AQ)made shipwreck of their faith, 20 among whom are (AR)Hymenaeus and (AS)Alexander, whom I (AT)have handed over to Satan that they may learn not to (AU)blaspheme.
Pray for All People
2 First of all, then, I urge that supplications, prayers, intercessions, and thanksgivings be made for all people, 2 (AV)for kings and all who are in high positions, that we may lead a peaceful and quiet life, godly and (AW)dignified in every way. 3 This is good, and (AX)it is pleasing in the sight of (AY)God our Savior, 4 who desires (AZ)all people to be saved and (BA)to come to (BB)the knowledge of the truth. 5 For (BC)there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man[e] Christ Jesus, 6 (BD)who gave himself as a ransom for all, which is (BE)the testimony given (BF)at the proper time. 7 (BG)For this I was appointed a preacher and an apostle ((BH)I am telling the truth, I am not lying), (BI)a teacher of the Gentiles in faith and truth.
8 I desire then that (BJ)in every place the men should pray, (BK)lifting (BL)holy hands without anger or quarreling; 9 likewise also (BM)that women should adorn themselves in respectable apparel, with modesty and self-control, not with braided hair and gold or pearls or costly attire, 10 (BN)but with what is proper for women who profess godliness—with good works. 11 Let a woman learn quietly (BO)with all submissiveness. 12 (BP)I do not permit a woman to teach or to exercise authority over a man; rather, she is to remain quiet. 13 (BQ)For Adam was formed first, (BR)then Eve; 14 and Adam was not deceived, but (BS)the woman was deceived and became a transgressor. 15 Yet she will be saved through (BT)childbearing—if they continue in (BU)faith and love and holiness, with self-control.
Qualifications for Overseers
3 The saying is (BV)trustworthy: If anyone aspires to (BW)the office of overseer, he desires a noble task. 2 Therefore (BX)an overseer[f] must be above reproach, (BY)the husband of one wife,[g] (BZ)sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, (CA)hospitable, (CB)able to teach, 3 not a drunkard, not violent but (CC)gentle, not quarrelsome, (CD)not a lover of money. 4 He must manage his own household well, with all dignity (CE)keeping his children submissive, 5 for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he care for (CF)God's church? 6 He must not be a recent convert, or he may (CG)become puffed up with conceit and fall into the condemnation of the devil. 7 Moreover, he must be well thought of by (CH)outsiders, so that he may not fall into disgrace, into (CI)a snare of the devil.
Qualifications for Deacons
8 (CJ)Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued,[h] (CK)not addicted to much wine, (CL)not greedy for dishonest gain. 9 They must (CM)hold the mystery of the faith with (CN)a clear conscience. 10 And (CO)let them also be tested first; then let them serve as deacons if they prove themselves blameless. 11 (CP)Their wives likewise[i] must be dignified, not slanderers, but sober-minded, (CQ)faithful in all things. 12 Let deacons each be (CR)the husband of one wife, (CS)managing their children and their own households well. 13 For (CT)those who serve well as deacons gain a good standing for themselves and also great confidence in the faith that is in Christ Jesus.
The Mystery of Godliness
14 I hope to come to you soon, but I am writing these things to you so that, 15 if I delay, you may know how one ought to behave in the household of God, which is the church of the living God, a pillar and buttress of the truth. 16 Great indeed, we confess, is the mystery of godliness:
Some Will Depart from the Faith
4 Now (CZ)the Spirit expressly says that (DA)in later times some will depart from the faith by devoting themselves to (DB)deceitful spirits and teachings of demons, 2 through the insincerity of (DC)liars whose consciences are seared, 3 (DD)who forbid marriage and (DE)require abstinence from foods (DF)that God created (DG)to be received with thanksgiving by those who believe and know the truth. 4 For (DH)everything created by God is good, and (DI)nothing is to be rejected if it is (DJ)received with thanksgiving, 5 for it is made holy (DK)by the word of God and prayer.
A Good Servant of Christ Jesus
6 (DL)If you put these things before the brothers,[m] you will be a good servant of Christ Jesus, being trained in the words of the faith and of the good doctrine that you have (DM)followed. 7 Have nothing to do with irreverent, (DN)silly myths. Rather (DO)train yourself for godliness; 8 for while (DP)bodily training is of some value, godliness (DQ)is of value in every way, as (DR)it holds promise for the present life and also for the life to come. 9 The saying is (DS)trustworthy and deserving of full acceptance. 10 For to this end we toil and strive,[n] because we have our hope set on the living God, (DT)who is the Savior of all people, especially of those who believe.
11 Command and teach (DU)these things. 12 (DV)Let no one despise you for your youth, but set the believers (DW)an example in speech, in conduct, in love, in faith, in purity. 13 Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, to exhortation, to teaching. 14 (DX)Do not neglect the gift you have, which was given you (DY)by prophecy when the council of elders (DZ)laid their hands on you. 15 Practice these things, immerse yourself in them,[o] so that (EA)all may see your progress. 16 (EB)Keep a close watch on yourself and on the teaching. Persist in this, for by so doing you will save (EC)both yourself and (ED)your hearers.
Instructions for the Church
3 Honor widows (EG)who are truly widows. 4 But if a widow has children or grandchildren, let them first learn (EH)to show godliness to their own household and to make some return to their parents, for (EI)this is pleasing in the sight of God. 5 She (EJ)who is truly a widow, left all alone, has set her hope on God and (EK)continues in supplications and prayers night and day, 6 but (EL)she who is self-indulgent is (EM)dead even while she lives. 7 (EN)Command these things as well, so that they may be without reproach. 8 But if anyone does not provide for his relatives, and especially for (EO)members of his household, he has (EP)denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.
9 Let a widow be enrolled if she is not less than sixty years of age, having been (EQ)the wife of one husband,[p] 10 and having a reputation for good works: if she has brought up children, has (ER)shown hospitality, (ES)has washed the feet of the saints, has (ET)cared for the afflicted, and has (EU)devoted herself to every good work. 11 But refuse to enroll younger widows, for when (EV)their passions draw them away from Christ, they desire to marry 12 and so incur condemnation for having abandoned their former faith. 13 Besides that, they learn to be idlers, going about from house to house, and not only idlers, but also (EW)gossips and (EX)busybodies, saying what they should not. 14 So I would have (EY)younger widows marry, bear children, (EZ)manage their households, and (FA)give the adversary no occasion for slander. 15 (FB)For some have already strayed after Satan. 16 If any believing woman has relatives who are widows, let her care for them. Let the church not be burdened, so that it may care for those (FC)who are truly widows.
17 Let the elders (FD)who rule well be considered worthy of (FE)double honor, especially those who labor in preaching and teaching. 18 For the Scripture says, (FF)“You shall not muzzle an ox when it treads out the grain,” and, (FG)“The laborer deserves his wages.” 19 Do not admit a charge against an elder except (FH)on the evidence of two or three witnesses. 20 As for those who persist in sin, (FI)rebuke them in the presence of all, (FJ)so that the rest may stand in fear. 21 In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus and of the elect angels (FK)I charge you to keep these rules without prejudging, (FL)doing nothing from partiality. 22 (FM)Do not be hasty in the (FN)laying on of hands, nor (FO)take part in the sins of others; keep yourself pure. 23 (No longer drink only water, but (FP)use a little wine (FQ)for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments.) 24 The sins of some people are conspicuous, going before them to judgment, but the sins of others appear later. 25 So also good works are conspicuous, and (FR)even those that are not cannot remain hidden.
6 (FS)Let all who are under a yoke as bondservants[q] regard their own masters as worthy of all honor, (FT)so that the name of God and the teaching may not be reviled. 2 Those who have believing masters must not be disrespectful on the ground that they are (FU)brothers; rather they must serve all the better since those who benefit by their good service are believers and beloved.
False Teachers and True Contentment
(FV)Teach and urge these things. 3 If anyone (FW)teaches a different doctrine and does not agree with (FX)the sound[r] words of our Lord Jesus Christ and the teaching (FY)that accords with godliness, 4 (FZ)he is puffed up with conceit and (GA)understands nothing. He has an unhealthy craving for (GB)controversy and for (GC)quarrels about words, which produce envy, dissension, slander, evil suspicions, 5 and constant friction among people (GD)who are depraved in mind and deprived of the truth, (GE)imagining that godliness is a means of gain. 6 But (GF)godliness (GG)with contentment is great gain, 7 for (GH)we brought nothing into the world, and[s] we cannot take anything out of the world. 8 But (GI)if we have food and clothing, with these we will be content. 9 But (GJ)those who desire to be rich fall into temptation, (GK)into a snare, into many senseless and harmful desires that (GL)plunge people into ruin and destruction. 10 For the love of money is a root of (GM)all kinds of evils. It is through this craving that some have wandered away from the faith and pierced themselves with many pangs.
Fight the Good Fight of Faith
11 But as for you, (GN)O man of God, (GO)flee these things. (GP)Pursue righteousness, godliness, faith, love, steadfastness, gentleness. 12 (GQ)Fight the good fight of the faith. (GR)Take hold of the eternal life (GS)to which you were called and about which you made (GT)the good confession in the presence of many witnesses. 13 (GU)I charge you in the presence of God, who gives life to all things, and of Christ Jesus, (GV)who in his testimony before[t] Pontius Pilate made (GW)the good confession, 14 to keep the commandment unstained and free from reproach until (GX)the appearing of our Lord Jesus Christ, 15 which he will display (GY)at the proper time—he who is (GZ)the blessed and only Sovereign, (HA)the King of kings and Lord of lords, 16 (HB)who alone has immortality, (HC)who dwells in (HD)unapproachable light, (HE)whom no one has ever seen or can see. To him be honor and eternal dominion. Amen.
17 As for the rich in (HF)this present age, charge them (HG)not to be haughty, nor (HH)to set their hopes on (HI)the uncertainty of riches, but on God, (HJ)who richly provides us with everything to enjoy. 18 They are to do good, (HK)to be rich in good works, to be generous and (HL)ready to share, 19 thus (HM)storing up treasure for themselves as a good foundation for the future, so that they may (HN)take hold of (HO)that which is truly life.
20 O Timothy, guard the deposit entrusted to you. (HP)Avoid the (HQ)irreverent babble and contradictions of what is falsely called “knowledge,” 21 for by professing it some have swerved from the faith.
- 1 Timothy 1:4 Or good order
- 1 Timothy 1:10 That is, those who take someone captive in order to sell him into slavery
- 1 Timothy 1:10 Or healthy
- 1 Timothy 1:17 Greek to the ages of ages
- 1 Timothy 2:5 men and man render the same Greek word that is translated people in verses 1 and 4
- 1 Timothy 3:2 Or bishop; Greek episkopos; a similar term occurs in verse 1
- 1 Timothy 3:2 Or a man of one woman; also verse 12
- 1 Timothy 3:8 Or devious in speech
- 1 Timothy 3:11 Or Wives likewise, or Women likewise
- 1 Timothy 3:16 Greek Who; some manuscripts God; others Which
- 1 Timothy 3:16 Or justified
- 1 Timothy 3:16 Or vindicated in spirit
- 1 Timothy 4:6 Or brothers and sisters. In New Testament usage, depending on the context, the plural Greek word adelphoi (translated “brothers”) may refer either to brothers or to brothers and sisters
- 1 Timothy 4:10 Some manuscripts and suffer reproach
- 1 Timothy 4:15 Greek be in them
- 1 Timothy 5:9 Or a woman of one man
- 1 Timothy 6:1 For the contextual rendering of the Greek word doulos, see Preface
- 1 Timothy 6:3 Or healthy
- 1 Timothy 6:7 Greek for; some manuscripts insert [it is] certain [that]
- 1 Timothy 6:13 Or in the time of
- 1 Timothy 6:21 The Greek for you is plural