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Smith's Bible Names Dictionary – Canaanites, The
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Canaanites, The

a word used in two senses:

+ A tribe which inhabited a particular locality of the land west of the Jordan before the conquest; and

+ The people who inhabited generally the whole of that country.

+ In (Genesis 10:18-20) the seats of the Canaanite tribe are given as on the seashore and in the Jordan valley; comp. (Joshua 11:3)

+ Applied as a general name to the non-Israelite inhabitants of the land, as we have already seen was the case with "Canaan." Instances of this are, (Genesis 12:6; Numbers 21:3) The Canaanites were descendants of Canaan. Their language was very similar to the Hebrew. The Canaanites were probably given to commerce; and thus the name became probably in later times an occasional synonym for a merchant.