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3:1 bloody city. The phrase emphasizes the merciless cruelty openly boasted by the Assyrians in their official records.
lies. Deceitful diplomacy characterized their international dealings (Is. 36:16, 17).
plunder. See 2:12, 13. Friendly negotiations serve as a cover for rapacious behavior. In their insatiable lust for more they constantly move from one victim to another.