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5:3 he shall give them up. Israel was without a Davidic king from the fall of Jerusalem in 586 b.c. until the Advent of Christ.
she who is in labor. A reference either to Mary, the mother of Jesus, or to the faithful remnant (see 4:10).
rest of his brothers. Thousands of Israelites were converted after Pentecost (Acts 2:41, 47).