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42:9 former things. These “former things” include the judgments prophesied against Damascus, Samaria, Nineveh, and Judah (41:22 note).
new things. These “new things” include renewal of the covenant, restoration to the land, the messianic kingdom, inclusion of the Gentiles, and the new heaven and earth (41:22 note).
declare . . . tell. God plans, proclaims, and executes. His word will come to pass (11:2 note; 40:8).