The Reformation Study Bible (2015) notes are now available on Bible Gateway! Click to learn more.
24:18 windows . . . are opened. The judgment is like the Flood (cf. Gen. 7:11; 8:2).
foundations . . . tremble. The image of an earthquake is expanded in vv. 19, 20 and is an expression of a theophany (6:1 note; 13:13 note; Ps. 99:1 note).