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24:1 the Lord will empty the earth. This is not annihilation, but a situation in which human structures can no longer operate (v. 3).
desolate. All human resources are removed (Nah. 2:10).
twist its surface. The world is filled with disturbances and distresses (Lam. 3:9).
scatter. God will judge the people more severely than He did at Babel, when He scattered them by confounding their languages (Gen. 11:8, 9).