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17:10 forgotten . . . have not remembered. This expression describes apostasy (Deut. 4:9, 23; 8:11, 14, 19; 32:18).
Rock. See note 8:14, 15.
refuge. The Lord alone is the strength of His people (25:4; 27:5), in contrast to military and political solutions (v. 9; 23:11, 14; 30:2).
pleasant plants . . . stranger. This reference probably points to Canaanite fertility rituals. Israel had cultivated relations with her neighbors and had adapted their ways.