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10:2 Gomer. The Cimmerians, a nomadic people to the north of the Black Sea. They later migrated into Asia Minor. See Ezek. 38:6.
Magog. See Ezek. 38:2; 39:6; its identity is disputed.
Madai. The Medes. See 2 Kin. 17:6; Jer. 51:11; Dan. 5:28.
Javan. The Greeks.
Tubal, Meshech. Located in central and eastern Asia Minor.
Tiras. One of the Sea Peoples from the region of the Aegean Sea. Perhaps to be identified as the Etruscans, who eventually settled in Italy.