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Reformation Study Bible – Deut 5:12
Deut 5:12

5:12 Observe the Sabbath day. Most of the commandments in Deuteronomy parallel almost verbatim those in Exodus, with obvious interdependence. Deuteronomy bases this command on the deliverance from the bondage of Egypt, whereas Exodus cites God’s work of creation as a basis. The continuing sabbatical principle commands a weekly day of rest. The change from the seventh day to the first day or Lord’s Day by the New Testament church (Rev. 1:10), in celebration of Christ’s resurrection, points to the inauguration of the new creation (1 Cor. 15:45–49; 2 Cor. 5:17; cf. Ex. 20:11), and to the believer’s redemption from bondage to sin through the death and resurrection of Christ.