17:7–14 Nathan announces the dynastic promises associated with the Davidic covenant. The covenant with David is also celebrated in Ps. 89 and 132. God promised that David’s descendants would become a dynasty ruling always over Israel. Individual kings were subject to severe chastisement (2 Sam. 7:14; Ps. 89:30–32), but the line of David would never be permanently rejected from the throne (2 Sam. 7:15, 16; 2 Chr. 6:16; Ps. 89:33–37; 132:11, 12). This covenant was a basis for hope that Israel could be fully restored (Introduction: Characteristics and Themes). The New Testament reveals that the promises to David were fulfilled in Christ. Christ kept the conditions of the covenant perfectly (Heb. 4:15); He serves as the Mediator of the covenant of grace (Acts 2:25–36; Heb. 9:15); and He promised to return as conquering King (Matt. 24:29–31; Mark 13:24–27; Luke 21:25–28).
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