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Matthew Henry's Commentary – Chapter 10
Chapter 10

We have in this chapter a particular account of the covenant which in the close of the foregoing chapter was resolved upon; they struck while the iron was not, and immediately put that good resolve in execution, when they were in a good frame, lest, if it should be delayed, it might be dropped. Here we have, I. The names of those that set their hands and seals to it, Neh. 10:1-27. II. An account of those who signified their consent and concurrence, Neh. 10:28, 29. III. The covenant itself, and the articles of it in general, that they would “keep God’s commandments” (Neh. 10:29); in particular, that they would not marry with the heathen (Neh. 10:30), nor profane the sabbath, nor be rigorous with their debtors (Neh. 10:31), and that they would carefully pay their church-dues, for the maintenance of the temple service, which they promise faithfully to adhere to, Neh. 10:32-39.