"John" is identified only as one who testifies to everything he saw. The title makes no claim that John was a creative writer or a literary or religious genius. He simply transcribed a vision. What John saw is summed up in the twin phrases, the word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ. These phrases reiterate the assertion in verse 1 that God is the ultimate source and Jesus is the immediate source of all that is going to be revealed. The word of God and the testimony of Jesus Christ are not two messages, but one. Word of God recalls the message of the biblical prophets (compare "word of the Lord" in Jer 1:2, 4; Ezek 1:3; Hos 1:1; Joel 1:1; Jon 1:1; Mic 1:1; Zeph 1:1; Hag 1:1; Zech 1:1; Mal 1:1). Like many of those oracles, it is based on what someone "saw" (Is 1:1; Ezek 1:1; Amos 1:1; Obad 1:1, Mic 1:1, Nahum 1:1). Now, however, the word of God is identified with the testimony of Jesus Christ because it is by virtue of Jesus' resurrection from the dead that John will be called and commissioned to write (compare vv. 12-18). The prophets' "word of the Lord" becomes in this last book of the Bible the word of the risen Jesus.
IVP New Testament Commentaries are made available by the generosity of InterVarsity Press.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
For the best Bible Gateway experience, consider upgrading to Bible Gateway Plus. Bible Gateway Plus equips you to have in-depth biblical discussions with your friends, your family, and your peers. Try it free for 30 days!