During the Caesarean phase of Paul's Palestinian "ministry in chains," Luke highlights a persistent Jewish opposition that hopes to capitalize on the moral weaknesses of Roman governors. Still, humanly speaking, Roman law continues to be Paul's final line of protection. The innocence of Paul and his gospel before the state and the Jewish religion neutralizes the objections of Christianity's enemies. Theophilus and his peers may in all good conscience embrace a gospel that neither despises its roots nor threatens public order. Paul again uses his defenses as an occasion for powerful witness. The Spirit's work is evident, though no positive decisions are made.
IVP New Testament Commentaries are made available by the generosity of InterVarsity Press.
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