A A A A A
Bible Book List
The IVP New Testament Commentary Series – The Fourth Bowl (16:8-9)
The Fourth Bowl (16:8-9)

Unlike the first three, this plague is not a direct parallel to the plagues on Egypt. The sun, instead of being darkened (as in Ex 10:21-29), was given power to scorch people with fire. They were seared by the intense heat and they cursed the name of God . . . but they refused to repent and glorify him (vv. 8-9). The accent on fire recalls not so much the Exodus story as the first three trumpets (8:7-11) with their recurrent theme of fire from the sky. The only similarity to the Exodus story is the defiance of those who suffered from the plague. But their reaction here goes well beyond Pharaoh's persistent hardness of heart. They cursed [literally "blasphemed"] the name of God, who had control over these plagues, but they refused to repent and glorify him (v. 9). The "eternal gospel" call to "fear God and give him glory" (14:7) has had no visible effect on a defiant and rebellious world.

Bible Gateway Recommends

The IVP New Testament Commentary, 20 Volumes
The IVP New Testament Commentary, 20 Volumes
Retail: $362.00
Our Price: $179.99Save: $182.01 (50%)
4.5 of 5.0 stars
Buy Now
2 Peter & Jude: IVP New Testament Commentary [IVPNTC]
2 Peter & Jude: IVP New Testament Commentary [IVPNTC]
Retail: $17.00
Our Price: $11.99Save: $5.01 (29%)Buy Now
1 & 2 Timothy and Titus: IVP New Testament Commentary    [IVPNTC]
1 & 2 Timothy and Titus: IVP New Testament Commentary [IVPNTC]
Retail: $18.00
Our Price: $11.99Save: $6.01 (33%)Buy Now
Exploring the Old Testament, Volume 1: A Guide to the Pentateuch
Exploring the Old Testament, Volume 1: A Guide to the Pentateuch
Retail: $30.00
Our Price: $14.99Save: $15.01 (50%)
5.0 of 5.0 stars
Buy Now