SIMPLE (פֶּ֫תִי֒, H7343; ἄκακος, ἁπλότης; foolish, ignorant of consequences, unsuspecting, blameless). The OT usage is primarily in Proverbs. The simple man hates knowledge and the fear of the Lord (1:32), is a fool (8:5) who shall inherit folly (14:18); this is expanded by observing that while the prudent foresee, the simple just go on their way and are punished (21:11), as when they visit the harlot (7:7). While it is possible to place on one level the simple and the scorner (1:22), there is still more hope for the simple; when the scorner is punished, the simple learn from it (19:25; 21:11), which apparently could not be said of the scorner. Since the simple can still learn, he is invited to the dinner prepared for him by Wisdom (9:4), and the Book of Proverbs itself is written to give him wisdom (1:4). The Book of Psalms also teaches that God gives understanding and wisdom to the simple (19:7; 116:6; 119:130).
The NT usage is somewhat different. While ἄκακος, G179, can still refer to the unsuspecting who can be easily deceived (Rom 16:18, 19), the same term is used to refer to the blamelessness of Christ (Heb 7:26), the straightforwardness of His obedience. The word ἁπλότης, G605, means either simple or sincere, again indicating a purity of attitude, a naivete of devotion to Christ (2 Cor 11:3; Eph 6:5).
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your free trial.
Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy. You’re already logged in with your Bible Gateway account. The next step is to enter your payment information. Your credit card won’t be charged until the trial period is over. You can cancel anytime during the trial period.
Click the button below to continue.
Step 1 - Create an account or log in to start your subscription.
You’ve already claimed your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate of $3.99/month, click the button below.
Upgrade, and get the most out of your new account. An integrated digital Bible study library - including complete notes from the NIV Study Bible and the NKJV MacArthur Study Bible - is just a step away! Try it free for 30 days.