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Dictionary of Bible Themes – 7906 baptism, in the Gospels
7906 baptism, in the Gospels

7906 baptism, in the Gospels

In the Gospels baptising is based on the symbolic practice in the OT and Judaism of cleansing with water.

Washing was the means of achieving ritual purity

Ex 30:19-20; Mk 7:3-4 The Greek word here translated “wash” is “baptizo”, from which the English “baptise” comes.

Sprinkling with water symbolises spiritual cleansing

Eze 36:25 See also Zec 13:1; Heb 10:22

Being baptised by John was a confession that cleansing was needed

Mt 3:11 See also Mt 3:6; Mk 1:4-5 pp Lk 3:3; Ac 19:1-4

John promised that the Messiah would cleanse with the baptism of the Holy Spirit

Mt 3:11 pp Mk 1:8 pp Lk 3:16 See also Isa 44:3; Eze 36:25-26

Baptism involves both water and the Holy Spirit

Jn 3:5

The disciples of Jesus Christ baptised like John’s

See also Jn 3:22-23; Jn 4:1

Jesus Christ was baptised by John

Mt 3:13-17 pp Mk 1:9-11 pp Lk 3:21-22 pp Jn 1:32-33

See also

2375kingdom of God
2510Christ, baptism of
3242Holy Spirit, baptism with
5098John the Baptist

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