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Dictionary of Bible Themes – 7565 Sanhedrin
7565 Sanhedrin

7565 Sanhedrin

The Hebrew form of the Greek word “synedrion”, a council. The high court of the Jews, presided over by the high priest. Its 71 members included chief priests, elders and teachers of the law.

Jesus Christ and the Sanhedrin

Herod called together the Sanhedrin on hearing of the birth of Jesus Christ Mt 2:4 This is probably a reference to the entire Sanhedrin.

Jesus Christ acknowledged the authority of the Sanhedrin Mt 5:22

Jesus Christ foretold that he would suffer at the hands of the Sanhedrin Mt 16:21 pp Mk 8:31 pp Lk 9:22 See also Mt 20:18 pp Mk 10:33

These prophecies were fulfilled Mt 26:57-68 pp Mk 14:58-65

The Sanhedrin plotted to kill Jesus Christ after he had raised Lazarus Jn 11:47-53

The Sanhedrin, powerless to execute anyone, brought Jesus Christ to Pilate Jn 18:28-31

Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea were members of the Sanhedrin

See also Jn 3:1; Mk 15:43 pp Lk 23:50-52

The term Sanhedrin could also apply to local councils

Mt 10:17 pp Mk 13:9

Peter and John were brought before the Sanhedrin

Ac 4:5-21 See also Ac 5:21,27,34,41

Stephen appeared before the Sanhedrin

Ac 6:12,15

Stephen angered the Sanhedrin by his defence Ac 7:54,57-58

Paul and the Sanhedrin

Paul was commissioned by the chief priests to persecute the church Ac 9:14 Ac 22:5 makes it clear that the entire Sanhedrin was involved. See also Ac 9:1-2,21; Ac 26:10-12

Paul was brought before the Sanhedrin Ac 22:30-23:1 See also Ac 23:6,28; Ac 24:20

Conspirators plotted to bring Paul before the Sanhedrin again, but he escaped Ac 23:12-15,20

The Sanhedrin brought Paul to the Roman governor, Festus Ac 25:1-2,15

See also

2585Christ, trial
7330chief priests
7464teachers of the law

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