The most holy day of Israel’s year (the tenth day of the seventh month) on which the high priest entered the Most Holy Place to offer sacrifices for the sins of the nation. Hebrews sees this day as symbolic of the achievements of Jesus Christ on the cross.
It was a festival requiring humility and fastingNu 29:7This provides a contrast to all other religious festivals which were times of joyous celebration and feasting. “deny yourselves” includes the idea of fasting. See alsoLev 16:29,31; Lev 23:27-32; Ac 27:9
The Day of Atonement is paralleled and contrasted with the achievements of Jesus Christ in his death
Jesus Christ’s sacrifice gives access to GodHeb 10:19-20On the Day of Atonement no-one else was allowed to be in the Tent of Meeting, let alone in the Most Holy Place. Access into the intimate presence of God is now the right of all believers. See alsoLev 16:17; Mt 27:51; Eph 2:18; Eph 3:12
Dictionary of Bible Themes Scripture index copyright Martin H. Manser, 2009. As Editor, Martin Manser wishes to thank all those who compiled or edited the NIV Thematic Study Bible, on which this work is based.
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